Woodville, South Australia
Woodville is a suburb of Adelaide, situated about 8 kilometres northwest of the Central Business District of Adelaide. It lies within the City of Charles Sturt. The postcode of Woodville is 5011. Woodville is bound by Cheltenham Parade to the west, Torrens Road to the north, Port Road to the south and Park Street to the east, excluding the area of Cheltenham Park Racecourse.
Woodville was one of the first areas to be settled by European migrants in the mid-19th century, many establishing dairy farms in the vicinity. By 1853 Woodville consisted of 24 houses, a forge and a wheelwright’s shop. The Woodville Post Office opened around March 1856. It has many fine examples of colonial and federation architecture and was considered to be a genteel area. Many European migrants settled in Woodville and the surrounds after World War II. It was a busy local centre in the 1950s and 1960s when General Motors Holden had a car manufacturing plant in the nearby suburb of Cheltenham and because of its proximity to the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Woodville South. Woodville Road was the hub of local activity with numerous commercial businesses. During the 1980s and 1990s, Woodville and its surrounds became home to many Vietnamese refugees from the Vietnam War. Decline set in in the 1980s upon the closure of the Cheltenham plant of General Motors Holden. Woodville became a depressed suburb, particularly during the 1990s. Since then, Woodville is undergoing a revival and many are now seeking residence in Woodville because of its architecture. Woodville Road, although not as a lively as it once was, is starting to develop a personality again. Woodville's inhabitants are still multiethnic.
It was previously the home of the semi-professional Australian rules football team Woodville Football Club, which competed in the South Australian National Football League (SANFL). Woodville merged with the West Torrens Football Club to form the Woodville-West Torrens Eagles in 1991.
The local zone high school is Woodville High School.
In 2005, the Woodville Warriors won the ABL (Australian Basketball League) championship, which is South Australia's state league. This was their first championship since 2000.
In the 2016 Census, there were 1,999 people in Woodville, of which 49.2% were male and 50.8% were female. The median age was 39, compared to a median of 40 for the State of South Australia. 3.2% of the population was over 85%, compared to 2.7% for South Australia and 2.1% for Australia. 23.2% of residents had completed study at a university or tertiary institution, compared to a State average of 16.2.
In 2016 the most common ancestries were English 19.1%, Australian 17.7%, Italian 11.3%, Irish 5.5% and Scottish 5.3%. 1.1% identified as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander. 66.0% of people were born in Australia, compared to a State average of 71.1, demonstrating the relatively high cultural diversity within the suburb. The most common countries of birth were India 5.3%, Italy 3.5%, Vietnam 3.4%, England 2.5% and China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 1.4%. 62.7% of residents only spoke English at home. Of other languages spoken at home, the most frequent were Italian at 5.4% and Vietnamese at 5.3%, which were well above the State averages of 1.7 and 1.1 for these languages.
The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in 2016 was $628, and $1,549 for a family, slightly above the State median weekly incomes of $600 and $1,510 respectively.
The most common responses for religion in the 2016 census were No Religion 27.3%, Catholic 26.8%, Not stated 8.4%, Anglican 6.1% and Eastern Orthodox 5.7%. Christianity was the largest religious group reported overall (53.4%).
Woodville has two items listed as State Heritage Places. St Margaret's Anglican Church, located at 789-791 Port Road, was dedicated in 1856 and is constructed of picked limestone. The structure is dominated by a rectangular tower and the church contains stained glass windows which honour local pioneers. A lych-gate, which is also heritage listed, was built in 1919 as a memorial to Woodville men who served in World War One. The church is significant as one of several 'village' churches built within the Adelaide districts between 1836 and 1860, as well as its representation of the development of the early Anglican Church within South Australia. The Brocas Museum, located on Woodville Road, is the former residence of John Newman, a shipping agent, and Henry Fletcher. The heritage significance of the Brocas includes its representation of the scale and style of residence built by the Adelaide gentry in what was at the time a semi-rural district.
Significant parts of Woodville have been declared a Historic Conservation Zone which includes the adjacent suburb of Woodville Park. The Zone contains a number of buildings of local heritage significance, including the Mareeba Hospital and former Nurses Home at 19-21 Belmore Terrace, the former Woodville Private Hospital building at 2 Jelley Street, currently a nursing home, former Council chambers at 765 Port Road, the Woodville Town Hall and Council chambers, the original school building and gates of Woodville High School, as well as several private residences and former residences on Woodville Road, Torrens Road, Stanley Street and Belmore Terrace. A number of homes within Woodville are listed as contributory items to the Historic Conservation Zone within the City of Charles Sturt's Development Plan. These include houses within Beaufort Street, Belmore Terrace, Florence Street, Harvey Street, Hughes Street, Norman Street, Park Street, Russell terrace, Stanley Street, The Grove and Woodville Road.
Woodville contained a number of other significant buildings which have since been demolished. These included St Clair, the homestead by John Bristow Hughes in 1854. Under Hughes' ownership, St Clair became one of the largest mansions in Adelaide at that time. Hughes added an underground kitchen, a second storey, and the entire ground floor was converted into a ballroom. The home was demolished and replaced by the St Clair Recreation Centre, which is itself local heritage listed on account of being South Australia's first major youth centre and indoor sports stadium and its modernist architecture.
Places of worship
St Margaret's Anglican Church on the corner of Port Road and Woodville Road represents one of the finest examples of early village churches within the Adelaide districts, dedicated in 1856. The Ukrainian Catholic Church ‘Saints Volodymyr and Olha Church’, is located on Woodville Road and was constructed in 1963 by the local Ukrainian community. The building is listed as a Local Heritage Place. The Woodville Christadelphian Hall is located on Aberfeldy Street.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Woodville (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- "2016 Census QuickStats: Woodville (SA)". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. 2017-10-23. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
- "City of Charles Sturt - St Margaret's Anglican Church". Charlessturt.sa.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
- "St Margaret's Anglican Church and Lychgate - Australian E-Heritage". Eheritage.net. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
- "The Brocas Museum (former Dwelling 'The Brocas') - Australian E-Heritage". Eheritage.net. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
- "Charles Sturt Council Development Plan" (PDF). dpti.sa.gov.au. 2017-10-31. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
- "Local History Factsheet: A brief history of the suburb Woodville" (PDF). charlessturt.sa.gov.au. 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
- Hardy, M. (Comp., 1960): History of Woodville, South Australia, Vol. I: 1837 - 1874, Vol. II: 1875-1960 Corporation of the City of Woodville
- Marsden, S. (1977): A History of Woodville, Corporation of the City of Woodville
- Geyer, M. & Donovan, P. (1996): From Parklands to Sea Coast, City of Hindmarsh & Woodville