Warwick, Queensland

Warwick /ˈwɒrɪk/[2] is a town and locality in southeast Queensland, Australia, lying 130 kilometres (81 mi) south-west of Brisbane.[3][4] It is the administrative centre of the Southern Downs Region local government area. The surrounding Darling Downs have fostered a strong agricultural industry for which Warwick, together with the larger city of Toowoomba, serve as convenient service centres. The town had an urban population of 15,130 as at the 2016 Census.[1]

Geography

The Condamine River meanders from the east to the north-west of Warwick. One of its tributaries, Rosenthal Creek, enters Warwick from the south and enters the Condamine within Warwick.[5]

The Cunningham Highway and the New England Highway jointly enter Warwick from the north, cross the Condamine River, and then turn west within the town close to the Warwick central business district. The Cunningham Highway then continues west towards Goondiwindi, while the New England Highway heads south towards Stanthorpe.[5]

The Condamine River often floods, which can disconnect the northern and southern parts of Warwick and close the highways. Gauges that measure river height are used to provide flood alerts to residents. Low-lying land around the river is mostly used for recreation to minimise the damage caused by flooding with most developed areas at higher levels. Queens Park is a major park based around the river and the highway crossing.[6]

The Warwick central business district is laid out on a grid pattern and lies within one or two blocks of the long main street, Palmerin Street with Grafton Street the major cross-street. The statue of former Queensland Premier Thomas Byrnes is located at their intersection.[5]

History

Second St. Mark's Church of England, Warwick, ca. 1872, the first (wooden) church can be seen in the background.

The Warwick Green Belt, on the banks of the Condamine River, features a sculpture of Tiddalik the mythical frog that drank all of the fresh water in a renowned Aboriginal Dreamtime story.[7]

Architectural plans of the "new" hospital in Locke Street, 1888

Patrick Leslie and his two brothers originally settled in the area as squatters, naming their run Canning Downs. In 1847 the NSW government asked Leslie to select a site on his station for a township, which was to be called 'Cannington,' although the name 'Warwick' was eventually settled on. Land sales were held in 1850, and the first allotment was bought by Leslie.[8]

Warwick East State School opened on 4 November 1850.[9] It is one of the oldest state primary schools in Queensland.[10]

The telegraph to Brisbane was operating by 1861.

Warwick Central State School opened on 26 July 1865.[9]

Miss O'Mara opened a school on 27 January 1867 in the Oddfellows Hall.[11]

The 1870s were boom years for this new town. In 1871 the railway reached Warwick,[12] a brewery was built in 1873, then a cooperative flour mill and brickworks were completed during 1874.

On 29 October 1874, the Sisters of Mercy took over Miss O'Mara's school at the Oddfellows Hall renaming it St Mary's School.[11][13]

Warwick was the seat of a series of local government areas, the Borough of Warwick from 1861, Town of Warwick from 1903, City of Warwick from 1936, Shire of Warwick from 1994, and Southern Downs Region from 2008.

Architectural plan of the Warwick Baby Clinic, 1923

In 1878 the Queensland Government raised a loan of £5,000 to build a new hospital in Warwick. However, it was not until September 1880 after considerable local agitation that the government called for tenders to build the hospital, resulting in a contract awarded to A.W. Doorey to build the hospital.[14][15][16] However, by February 1881, tenders were being called for again, and in April 1881 the Queensland Government announced the hospital would not proceed.[17][18] In June 1881, the government indicated that they would proceed if the local financial subscriptions to the hospital were increased.[19] Tenders were called again in February 1882 resulting in a contract with Messrs Wallace and Gibson in March 1882.[20][21] Finally on Thursday 19 June 1884, the patients were moved from the old hospital to the new hospital in Locke Street.[22]

In 1893, the Sisters of Mercy relocated their convent and St Mary's School to the newly-constructed Our Lady of the Assumption Convent in Locke Street.[13]

The T J Byrnes Monument (a statue of the 12th Queensland Premier Thomas Joseph Byrnes) was built on the corner of Palmerin and Grafton Streets. The monument was built from 1901 to 1902 and was officially unveiled on Saturday 13 December 1902 by the Governor of Queensland, Sir Herbert Chermside. The unveiling of the monument was an important occasion for Warwick.[23][24][25]

Warwick State High School opened on 1 February 1912.[9] It is one of the oldest state secondary schools in Queensland.[26]

St Mary's School also expanded, creating a secondary school called Assumption College in 1912, and in 1914 enlarging the convent to accommodate the growing secondary school.[11][13][27]

In 1917 the Presbyterian Girls College (PGC) opened in an existing house “Glenbrae”on over five acres in Locke Street, as a boarding and day school with 53 girls under headmistress Miss Constance Mackness (who retired in 1949, the longest serving headmistress of the school). The school was established by local families who did not want to have to send their daughters to Toowoomba for a Presbyterian education.[28]

On 29 November 1917, the Warwick Incident occurred, which would lead to the formation of the Australian Commonwealth Police with the first commissioner for Commonwealth Police appointed eight days later.[29] As Prime Minister William Morris Hughes was addressing a crowd at the Warwick railway station, a man in the crowd threw an egg dislodging the Prime Minister's hat. Hughes ordered his arrest but the Queensland State policeman present refused to carry out the orders saying that Hughes had no authority over him.

In 1918, to meet the need for Presbyterian education for boys, The Scots College opened as a Presbyterian boarding and day for boys in an existing house "Arranmore" on the banks of the Condamine River under headmaster James Logan Briggs.[28]

The Warwick War Memorial was built in 1923 and the memorial gates were built in 1924.[30]

Warwick Baby Clinic, 1932

Although the Queensland Government had architectural plans for a Baby Clinic in Warwick from at least 1923,[31] it was not until Friday 21 February 1930 that the Warwick Baby Clinic was officially opened by Home Secretary J.C. Peterson. The building cost about £2,000 and was built on land donated by the Warwick ambulance brigade. The purpose of baby clinics was to prevent disease in early childhood and the Warwick Baby Clinic was the 15th built in Queensland.[32]

During World War II, the 2/12 Army General Hospital took over The Scots College buildings and grounds in Oxenham Street, with the school relocating to Kingswood and Toolburra.[28]

Warwick West State School opened on 31 January 1956.[9]

Glennie Heights State School opened on 25 January 1960.[11]

The current Warwick Public Library opened in 1964 with a major refurbishment in 1999.[33]

In 1970, the Presbyterian Girls College and The Scots College merged into a co-educational school called Scots PGC College.[28]

On 5 February 1981, The School of Total Education was established in Warwick by (1930–2005).[11] Yogendra was a yoga teacher and educationalist, the son of Shri Yogendra (who in 1918 founded the Yoga Institute in India). The school aimed to develop children through spiritual and emotional growth to additional to physical and intellectual development.[34]

In 2007, Warwick Christian College was established by the .[35]

Heritage listings

Warwick has many heritage-listed buildings, including those listed on:

Climate

Warwick has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with hot summers and cool to cold winters. It is slightly cooler and less humid than the proximate southeast Queensland coast due to its inland, elevation location. Frost is present in winter. The climate bears similarities with Richmond, an inland suburb of Sydney, in southern New South Wales.

Climate data for Warwick, Queensland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.9
(105.6)
42.2
(108.0)
37.2
(99.0)
33.3
(91.9)
29.7
(85.5)
27.3
(81.1)
26.0
(78.8)
33.0
(91.4)
36.6
(97.9)
38.5
(101.3)
39.8
(103.6)
40.4
(104.7)
42.2
(108.0)
Average high °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
29.3
(84.7)
27.5
(81.5)
24.9
(76.8)
21.0
(69.8)
18.3
(64.9)
17.9
(64.2)
20.0
(68.0)
23.6
(74.5)
25.8
(78.4)
27.6
(81.7)
29.1
(84.4)
24.6
(76.3)
Average low °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
17.0
(62.6)
14.9
(58.8)
11.3
(52.3)
6.7
(44.1)
4.8
(40.6)
3.1
(37.6)
3.1
(37.6)
7.1
(44.8)
10.4
(50.7)
13.7
(56.7)
15.8
(60.4)
10.4
(50.7)
Record low °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
7.9
(46.2)
2.9
(37.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
−4.7
(23.5)
−7.0
(19.4)
−7.7
(18.1)
−6.3
(20.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
0.9
(33.6)
1.9
(35.4)
6.5
(43.7)
−7.7
(18.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 82.7
(3.26)
64.7
(2.55)
62.6
(2.46)
31.5
(1.24)
40.5
(1.59)
36.8
(1.45)
27.2
(1.07)
23.2
(0.91)
36.0
(1.42)
73.9
(2.91)
90.2
(3.55)
101.9
(4.01)
670.4
(26.39)
Average precipitation days 8.8 8.8 8.6 7.3 7.9 9.2 7.7 5.7 6.6 8.3 10.0 10.5 99.5
Average relative humidity (%) 47 50 47 46 47 50 44 38 36 38 44 43 44
Mean monthly sunshine hours 241.8 193.2 220.1 234 217 183 223.2 241.8 252 235.6 225 241.8 2,708.5
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[37]

Communications

Presenter and guests at 4WK radio station, Warwick, circa 1940

Newspapers in Warwick include the Warwick Daily News, the and the . Former newspapers include the Warwick Argus which was published from 1879 to 1919, the Warwick Argus and Tenterfield Chronicle and the Warwick Examiner and Times. Radio station 4WK was established in May 1935.[38] Its coverage was gradually extended to Toowoomba, Pittsworth, Millmerran, Clifton, Allora, Stanthorpe, Crows Nest, Highfields, Dalby, Oakey, Tara, Goondiwindi, Boonah, and Esk. It now broadcasts from Toowoomba.[39]

Notable people

Notable people with a connection to Warwick include

Attractions

Facilities

The Southern Downs Regional Council operates a public library in Warwick at 49 Albion Street.[43]

The Condamine Valley branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association has its rooms at 76 Grafton Street.[44]

Education

Warwick East State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at Fitzroy Street (28°12′53″S 152°02′19″E / 28.2147°S 152.0385°E / -28.2147; 152.0385 (Warwick East State School)).[45][46] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 217 students with 20 teachers (18 full-time equivalent) and 17 non-teaching staff (11 full-time equivalent).[47] It includes a special education program.[48]

Warwick Central State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at the corner of Guy and Percy Streets (28°13′04″S 152°01′46″E / 28.2177°S 152.0294°E / -28.2177; 152.0294 (Warwick Central State School)).[45][49] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 281 students with 22 teachers (20 full-time equivalent) and 16 non-teaching staff (10 full-time equivalent).[47] It includes a special education program.[50]

Warwick West State School is a government primary (Early Childhood-6) school for boys and girls at 17 George Street (28°13′16″S 152°00′53″E / 28.2211°S 152.0148°E / -28.2211; 152.0148 (Warwick West State School)).[45][51] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 507 students with 47 teachers (40 full-time equivalent) and 33 non-teaching staff (21 full-time equivalent).[47] It includes a special education program.[45][52]

Glennie Heights State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 5-Dec Gillam Street (28°12′04″S 152°01′45″E / 28.2010°S 152.0291°E / -28.2010; 152.0291 (Glennie Heights State School)).[45][53] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 177 students with 19 teachers (15 full-time equivalent) and 10 non-teaching staff (7 full-time equivalent).[47] It includes a special education program.[45]

Warwick State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at Palmerin Street (28°12′37″S 152°02′01″E / 28.2103°S 152.0335°E / -28.2103; 152.0335 (Warwick State High School)).[45][54] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 884 students with 88 teachers (80 full-time equivalent) and 53 non-teaching staff (38 full-time equivalent).[47] It includes a special education program.[52]

St Mary's School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls with two campuses, one at 163 Palmerin Street (28°13′08″S 152°01′55″E / 28.2190°S 152.0319°E / -28.2190; 152.0319 (St Mary's School)) for the younger children and the other for older children at 175 Palmerin Street (28°13′18″S 152°01′53″E / 28.2217°S 152.0314°E / -28.2217; 152.0314 (St Mary's School)).[45][55] In 2017, the school had a total enrolment of 324 students with 29 teachers (20 full-time equivalent) and 17 non-teaching staff (8 full-time equivalent).[47]

Assumption College is a Catholic secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at 6 Locke Street (28°13′30″S 152°01′40″E / 28.2251°S 152.0279°E / -28.2251; 152.0279 (Assumption College)).[45][56] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 441 students with 36 teachers (34 full-time equivalent) and 20 non-teaching staff (15 full-time equivalent).[47]

The SCOTS PGC College is a private primary and secondary (Prep-12) school for boys and girls at 60 Oxenham Street (28°12′40″S 152°02′49″E / 28.2110°S 152.0469°E / -28.2110; 152.0469 (The SCOTS PGC College)).[45][57] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 359 students with 37 teachers (36 full-time equivalent) and 35 non-teaching staff (24 full-time equivalent).[47]

Warwick Christian College is a private primary and secondary (Prep-11) school for boys and girls at 70 Horsman Road (28°12′08″S 152°01′58″E / 28.2021°S 152.0329°E / -28.2021; 152.0329 (Warwick Christian College)).[45][58] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 134 students with 13 teachers (10 full-time equivalent) and 16 non-teaching staff (8 full-time equivalent).[47] The school has a special assistance campus at 62 Canningvale Road (28°14′04″S 152°02′57″E / 28.2344°S 152.0492°E / -28.2344; 152.0492 (Warwick Christian College - Special Assistance School)).[45][59]

The School of Total Education is a private primary and secondary (Prep-12) school for boys and girls at 2 Freestone Road (28°12′14″S 152°02′39″E / 28.2039°S 152.0442°E / -28.2039; 152.0442 (The School of Total Education)).[45][60] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 109 students with 25 teachers (16 full-time equivalent) and 11 non-teaching staff (6 full-time equivalent).[47]

Culture

Sport

Warwick has a rugby union team which compete in the Darling Downs Rugby Union competition, against such teams as the University of Southern Queensland Rugby Union Club, Toowoomba Rangers Rugby Union Club, Toowoomba City Rugby Club, Roma Echidnas, the Condamine Cods, the Dalby Wheatmen, the Goondiwindi Emus, the Warwick Water Rats and the University of Queensland Rugby Union Club (Gatton Campus).

The Warwick Cowboys, coached by one-time champion NRL coach Phil Economidis, play in the Toowoomba Rugby League.

Events

  • Warwick Agricultural Show (March) [61]
  • FEI Eventing World Cup (May)
  • Jumpers and Jazz in July Festival (July)[62]
  • The "Rose Bowl" Polocrosse Carnival (August)
  • Warwick Trots (Harness Racing) (Darling Downs Harness Racing Club at Allman Park Racecourse) Father's Day, September
  • Warwick Cup (Thoroughbred Horse Racing) (Warwick Turf Club at Allman Park Racecourse) October
  • Warwick Rodeo (October)[63]
  • Rose Festival (October)

Sister cities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Warwick (SUA)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 January 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ "Warwick - town (entry 36641)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Warwick - locality (entry 47653)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Warwick Flood Emergency Action Guide". Southern Downs Regional Council. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Other Attractions". Southern Downs Regional Council. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  8. ^ "Warwick Historical Information". www.smh.com.au. 15 August 2007. Archived from the original on 17 February 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2006.
  9. ^ a b c d "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  10. ^ "The oldest state primary schools in Queensland". education.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
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  12. ^ The Centenary of the Southern Line Kerr, J.D. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, December, 1970 pp261-291
  13. ^ a b c "Cloisters (entry 600953)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  14. ^ "Warwick". The Brisbane Courier. XXXV, (4, 140). Queensland, Australia. 27 August 1880. p. 3. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ "Official Notifications". The Brisbane Courier. XXXV, (4, 153). Queensland, Australia. 11 September 1880. p. 6. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
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  17. ^ "The Warwick Argus". Warwick Argus. XVI, (918). Queensland, Australia. 8 February 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
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  19. ^ "Local and General News". Warwick Examiner And Times. XV, (763). Queensland, Australia. 1 June 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  20. ^ "Official Notifications". The Brisbane Courier. XXXVI, (7, 509). Queensland, Australia. 4 February 1882. p. 6. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  21. ^ "Melbourne". Warwick Argus. XVII, (1029). Queensland, Australia. 14 March 1882. p. 2. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
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  24. ^ "THE BYRNES STATUE AT WARWICK". The Queenslander. 20 December 1902. p. 1066. Retrieved 18 May 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
  25. ^ "T J Byrnes Monument (entry 602076)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  26. ^ "The oldest state secondary schools in Queensland". education.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  27. ^ "College history". Assumption College. Archived from the original on 11 December 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  28. ^ a b c d "History". Scots PGC College. Archived from the original on 11 December 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
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  30. ^ "Warwick War Memorial". Queensland War Memorial Register. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  31. ^ "Item ID1430502, Plan of the Warwick Baby Clinic, Warwick". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  32. ^ "BABY CLINIC". Warwick Daily News (3323). Queensland, Australia. 22 February 1930. p. 5. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  33. ^ "Queensland Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-2017" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. November 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  34. ^ "A Story of Vision and Commitment". The School of Total Education. Archived from the original on 11 December 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  35. ^ "History of the Campus". Warwick Christian College. Archived from the original on 11 December 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  36. ^ "Warwick Post Office (Place ID 105537)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  37. ^ "Climate Statistics for Warwick, Queensland". Archived from the original on 16 March 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  38. ^ "4WK Warwick". www.radioheritage.net. Archived from the original on 2 October 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  39. ^ "Our Company / Network - 4WK - Informing and Entertaining". www.4wk.com.au. Archived from the original on 28 November 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  40. ^ "Museums - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  41. ^ "Glengallan Homestead - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  42. ^ "Art Galleries - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  43. ^ "Warwick Library". Public Libraries Connect. 28 April 2014. Archived from the original on 22 January 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  44. ^ "Branch locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  46. ^ "Warwick East State School". Archived from the original on 1 March 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  47. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  48. ^ "Warwick East SS - Special Education Program". Archived from the original on 1 March 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  49. ^ "Warwick Central State School". Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  50. ^ "Warwick Central SS - Special Education Program". Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  51. ^ "Warwick West State School". Archived from the original on 1 March 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  52. ^ a b "Warwick SHS - Special Education Program". Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  53. ^ "Glennie Heights State School". Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  54. ^ "Warwick State High School". Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  55. ^ "St Mary's School". Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  56. ^ "Assumption College". Archived from the original on 12 December 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  57. ^ "The SCOTS PGC College". Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  58. ^ "Warwick Christian College". Archived from the original on 12 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  59. ^ "Warwick Christian College - Special Assistance School". Archived from the original on 12 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  60. ^ "The School of Total Education". Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  61. ^ "Local Shows - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  62. ^ "Events - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  63. ^ "Warwick Rodeo - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  64. ^ "Sister cities". Whakatane District Council. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 15 May 2019.

Further reading

External links