Toowong is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) west of the Brisbane CBD. At the centre of Toowong is a commercial precinct including Toowong Village and several office buildings. The remainder of the suburb is predominantly residential with a mix of medium density dwellings and Queenslander style detached houses, extending to the foothills of Mount Coot-tha.
Toowong is situated between Mount Coot-tha and the Brisbane River and is made up of rolling hills with little flat land. Since European settlement most of the land has been cleared for residential and commercial use with the exception of some park land and bushland near the Western Freeway.
Several early settlers subdivided their blocks, including who named his subdivision the 'Village of Toowong' in 1862. The origin of the name Toowong was derived from an Aboriginal word describing a bird.
Toowong started developing with the arrival of the Ipswich railway line in 1875. It was originally suburb of detached villas and large yards owned by an elite upper-middle class that worked in the city and socialised with each other. As access to the suburb improved with regular train services the population increased. The Shire of Toowong was created in 1880, in response to a petition from Toowong residents. In 1881 the population numbered 1,275 and seven years later it had almost doubled to 2,230. By 1901 the population numbered around 4,700.
In 1899 461 allotments were advertised to be auctioned by Isles, Love & Co on Saturday, 2 September 1899 (Federation Day), Saturday 9 September 1899 and Saturday 16 September 1899. This area was called the Dunmore Estate and is now mostly in Toowong as well as partly in Milton. On the real estate map for Dunmore Estate, Cribb's Paddock, Milton is a black and white photo titled "Panoramic view of the river looking towards town". In 1899 it was advertised in the Brisbane Courier for contractors for the Dunmore Estate, Cribb's Paddock, Milton to make an access road through the lagoon and a roadway under the railway bridge. It was reported in The Brisbane Courier and The Telegraph that a total of 240 lots were sold - 108 lots on 2 September 1899, 81 lots on 9 September 1899 and 51 lots on 16 September 1899.
In 1903 the Brisbane Tramways Company built a tram line along Milton Road to service the western side of the suburb. Initially the tram line terminated at the cemetery, but was later extended up Woodstock Road (Formally Dean Street), to the palatial home of the then Manager of the tram company Joseph Stillman Badger. In 1922, along with the rest of Brisbane's tram system, the line was taken over by the government (see Transport for Brisbane.) The tram line closed in December 1962, after the disastrous Paddington tram depot fire.
The Toowong Baths were first constructed as a 25 metres (82 ft) swimming pool in 1909 on Coronation Drive south of Booth Street ( ). Originally established by a private company, the baths were acquired in 1920 by the Toowong Town Council. In 1925, the Town of Toowong was amalgamated into the City of Brisbane and the baths come under the control of the Brisbane City Council. In the late 1950s, the buildings associated with the pool were replaced with new iconic buildings designed by Brisbane City Council architect James Birrell. The new Birrell-designed Toowong Library was constructed on Coronation Drive on the northern side of Booth Street. Despite public outcry, the Brisbane City Council sold the pool complex to fund the redevelopment of Toowong Library (which was also controversial) blaming declining patronage of the pool. The Toowong Swimming Pool was demolished on 21 March 2001. An office block now occupies the site.
In the late 1920s Brisbane Boys' College was relocated to Kensington Terrace inToowong. The school was originally was originally established in Clayfield in 190, but was decided that there were insufficient facilities at the Clayfield location so a new location was required.
On 21 November 1959 the Anglican Church of the Holy Spirit in West Toowong was dedicated by Archibishop Reginald Halse. It was on Exmouth/Orchard Street ( ). Its closure on 28 November 2006 was approved by Assistant Bishop Ron Williams.
Toowong has been part of a number of different local governments:
- Toowong Division (1879 - 1880)
- Shire of Toowong (1880 - 1903)
- Town of Toowong (1903 - 1925)
- City of Brisbane (1925–present day)
Toowong has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- cnr Mt Coot-tha road and Frederick Street: Caskey Monument (within the Toowong Cemetery)
- cnr Mt Coot-tha road and Frederick Street: Temple of Peace (within the Toowong Cemetery)
- cnr Mt Coot-tha road and Frederick Street: Trooper Cobb's Grave (within the Toowong Cemetery)
- cnr Mt Coot-tha road and Frederick Street: Toowong Cemetery
- 543 Coronation Drive: Regatta Hotel
- 579 - 583 Coronation Drive: Toowong Municipal Library
- 600 Coronation Drive: Middenbury House
- 10 Dean Street: Warrawee
- 46 Grove Street: Church of Saint Ignatius Loyola
- 50 Grove Street: Mount St Mary's Convent
- 69 High Street: St Thomas Church of England
- 55 Moggill Road: Brisbane Boys' College Buildings
- Mt Coot-tha Road: Richard Randall Art Studio
- 50 Quinn Street (37 St Osyth Street): Toowong State School
- 65 Sylvan Road: Toowong Memorial Park
- 6-28 Woodstock Road (Endrim, Woodstock Road tram shed, and tram track ):
In the 2011 census, Toowong had a population of 11,255 people; 50.2% female and 49.8% male.
The median age of the Toowong population was 28 years, 9 years below the Australian median. The most notable difference was the group of people aged in their twenties; in Toowong this group made up 36.1% of the population, compared to 13.8% nationally. This is largely because of the close proximity of the University of Queensland. Children aged under 15 years made up 10.8% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 8.3% of the population.
61.1% of people living in Toowong were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%. The other top responses for country of birth were England 3.9%, China 3.8%, New Zealand 3%, India 1.8%, Malaysia 1.6%.
The most common responses for religion in Toowong were No Religion 33.7%, Catholic 22.0%, Anglican 12.0%, Uniting Church 5.0% and Buddhism 2.9%.
The Brisbane General Cemetery, planned in 1866 and formally opened in 1875, is Queensland’s largest cemetery, placed on 437,300 square metres of land. It replaced Brisbane’s second cemetery the North Brisbane Burial Grounds which were located in Milton where Suncorp Stadium stands today, closer to the centre of Brisbane. The remains of most of the 8500 people buried there are still under the stadium. The Brisbane General Cemetery, now called Toowong Cemetery, contains a signposted walk that provides information on various people buried therein.
The workshops and a bus depot of Brisbane Transport is located at the western end of the suburb.
Toowong has two historic hotels, the Regatta Hotel and the Royal Exchange Hotel. The three-storey Regatta hotel contained accommodation on the upper two floors and a public bar and lounge area on the ground floor. In 1965 a protest took place in the public bar of the Regatta Hotel when Merle Thornton (mother of Australian actress Sigrid Thornton) and Rosalie Bogner chained themselves to the bar in protest of public bars in Queensland being restricted to men only.
Built in 1986, Toowong Village is an office tower and shopping centre situated at the centre of Toowong. The blue glass office tower is a prominent landmark visible from Toowong and surrounding suburbs. The shopping centre situated on the lower levels of the office tower contains the Toowong Railway Station, Toowong Library operated by the Brisbane City Council, and the standard mix of retail stores.
Located on Sylvan Road, Toowong Memorial Park is a large park with gum trees, football ovals and a commanding view of the suburb. It was officially opened in 1918 in honour of those who enlisted from the Town of Toowong during the World War I. The park contains the Soldiers' Memorial on top of the hill was dedicated in 1922 and an RSL memorial is located near the Memorial gates on Sylvan Road, and also contains the Western Districts Rugby Football Club and a Basketball centre. Anzac Park is located next to the Western Freeway opposite the Toowong Cemetery. Originally the land was part of the cemetery grounds, but was converted to a rifle range in 1877. At the end of World War I the trees were planted in memory of the men from Toowong. The park land was proposed as a site for the Botanic Gardens, but the construction of the Western Freeway forced the move of the proposed site to its current location closer to Mount Coot-tha. The Mount Coot-tha Botanic Gardens and the Sir Thomas Brisbane Planetarium are located at the base of Mount Coot-tha.
The Toowong Municipal Library Building was built 1961 on Coronation Drive opposite the Toowong pool, and was formerly the district library for the western suburbs. The library was also designed by Brisbane City Chief Architect James Birrell, and is one of the few remaining examples of his work. The library is now used as commercial premises. The building comprises a two storey library surrounded by trees and landscaped terraces, with cavity brick lower floor, the structure is formed by three intersecting circles. Above this base floor is a ‘floating’ crystalline form with 12 sided polygon (dodecagon) floor plan whose external walls taper outward as they rise and which houses the principal public floor of the library. The external steel wall framing of the upper floor is diagonally braced, and sheeted with plywood panels set within the structural framing and framed with silky oak beading. The library originally had a hemi-spherical skylight above its centre, which has now been replaced by an enclosure for mechanical equipment.
The library was threatened for closure in 1982 following the opening of a new municipal library at Indooroopilly in 1981. The Toowong Library did in fact close but local residents’ action saw it re-opened in 1983. Alterations were made to the building in 1983 when one of the rooms on the lower floor was acquired for use by the local councillor as a ward office, until 2005. Despite a campaign by local residents to prevent the closure of the library and redevelopment of the library and adjoining swimming pool site, the library was moved to Toowong Village shopping centre in March 2001, and the original building, which is protected by heritage listing, is now business premises.
The West Toowong Community Association was formed in 1999 by a group of residents concerned about what they saw as increasing inappropriate development in the area. The group soon branched out to protect and develop community activities in the suburb. It has run several campaigns about development in the area including an unsuccessful attempt to prevent the demolition of the James Birrel designed Toowong Pool, and a successful campaign to prevent the construction of a mobile phone relay station tower within a residential area of West Toowong. It was also instrumental in successfully lobbying for the construction of a safe crossing over the Western Freeway at Toowong, which was hotly opposed by other Toowong's residents and prompted the creation of opposing associations. The overpass was eventually successfully built, providing safe access from Anzac Park to footpaths and cycle paths leading to Mt Cootha and other recreational areas.
The Vera Street Community Garden was formed in 2005 and operates as a community vegetable growing and creek rehabilitation group. Open to members of the public, it is located within the grounds of the Queensland Academy for Science, Mathematics and Technology (entrance via Vera St). This public garden is located on state government land, the former site of a Chinese market garden.
Western Group of the Brisbane City Unit of the Queensland State Emergency Service has its headquarters at Perrin Park in Josling St. This site is shared with the Brisbane City Council Parks & Trees and the Toowong Community Meeting Place.
Toowong is home to one of the first four Scout troops in to be founded in Queensland in 1908. One hundred years on and Toowong has since merged with Milton & Taringa Scout troops but celebrates its 100 years as the oldest Scout troop in Queensland. Taring-Milton-Toowong Scout Troop is also known for their annual Scout rally which is one of the longest running Scout rallies in the world.
The West Juniors Australian rules football club has its home ground at Oakman Park in Toowong.
Despite its name. Toowong FC (soccer club) has its home ground at Dunmore Park on the corner Roy and Evans Roads in neighbouring Auchenflower. The club consists of 17 kids teams [Age 4 Up], 3 Senior Women's Teams and 5 Senior Men's Teams.
Western Suburbs Bulldogs (Rugby Union Club) has its home grounds in Toowong Memorial Park, on Sylvan Road, alongside the train lines.
Toowong is a major transport node, with almost all bus and train routes passing through Toowong from the western suburbs.
By Bus, Buses travel along Coronation Drive from the city stopping on Benson Street and then on towards the University of Queensland, or stop on High Street outside the Royal Exchange Hotel and continue towards Indooroopilly and other western suburbs.
By Road, Toowong is accessed by Coronation Drive and Milton Road from the north, and by Moggill Road and the Western Freeway to the south and west. The main roads inside Toowong are High Street and Sherwood road.
By Bicycle, Toowong two main bicycle paths, one that starts at Coronation Drive and proceed towards the University of Queensland and the second that again starts from Coronation Drive but runs to and along the Western Freeway.
Toowong is within the:
- Brisbane City Council's Paddington Ward and Walter Taylor Ward
- Queensland Government's electoral district of Maiwar
- Australian Government's division of Ryan.
In popular culture
- Farewell and adieu to you, Brisbane ladies
- Farewell and adieu, you maids of Toowong
Notable people from or who have lived in Towong include:
- Raymond Dart , anatomist and anthropologist, was born in Toowong in 1893.
- Bernard Fanning, lead vocalist of Australian band Powderfinger was born in Toowong on 15 August 1969.
- Janet Walker, costumier and dress-making bust inventor died in Toowong
- Ziggy the bagman, a homeless man who has been a controversial issue for Brisbane, slept on the streets of Toowong for many years.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Toowong". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Paddington Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
- "Walter Taylor Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
- "Toowong (entry 47847)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
- Routh, S. J. "Drew, Richard Langler (1823–1869)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
- "Toowong". Centre for The Government of Queensland. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
- "Dunmore Estate Cribb's Paddock, Milton / Isles, Love Land Agents ; D. F. Maclean, Surveryor". 2 September 1899. hdl:10462/deriv/251713. Cite journal requires
- "Classified Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. LVI (12, 963). Queensland, Australia. 29 July 1899. p. 12. Retrieved 3 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Classified Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. LVI (12, 958). Queensland, Australia. 24 July 1899. p. 8. Retrieved 3 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "PREVENTION OF TUBERCULOSIS". The Brisbane Courier. LVI (12, 994). Queensland, Australia. 4 September 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 3 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Dunmore Estate". The Telegraph (8, 366). Queensland, Australia. 11 September 1899. p. 6. Retrieved 3 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Dunmore Estate". The Telegraph (8, 372). Queensland, Australia. 18 September 1899. p. 6. Retrieved 3 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Heritage lost - gone but not forgotten". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 6 July 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Gregory's Street Directory of Brisbane and Suburbs and Metropolitan Road Guide (11 ed.). 1975. p. 108.
- Universal Business Directories (Aust.) Pty. Ltd (1990). UBD street directory. Brisbane. Universal Business Directories (Australia). pp. Map 25, Grid reference N7.
- "Caskey Monument (entry 600335)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Temple of Peace (entry 600334)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Trooper Cobb's Grave (entry 600333)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Toowong Cemetery (entry 601773)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Regatta Hotel (entry 600331)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Toowong Municipal Library (former) (entry 602011)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "600330". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- "Warrawee (entry 600332)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Church of Saint Ignatius Loyola (entry 602532)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Mount St Mary's Convent (entry 601601)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "St Thomas Church of England (entry 600336)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Brisbane Boys College (entry 600337)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Richard Randall Art Studio (entry 600299)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "602845". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
- "Toowong Memorial Park (entry 602459)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Endrim and the Woodstock Road Tram Shed and Track (entry 650071)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Toowong". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- "Toowong Cemetery Heritage Register". Archived from the original on 19 December 2005. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "Women 'rattle the chains' in public bars". Australian Broadcasting Commission. 10 April 1965. Retrieved 16 August 2018. (include 5 minute video)
- "Library opening hours and locations". Brisbane City Council. 3 January 2018. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 12. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Toowong Library Heritage Register". Archived from the original on 9 November 2005. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "West Toowong Community Association". Archived from the original on 9 November 2005. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "Vera Street Community Garden". www.verastreet.org. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "Brisbane City State Emergency Service Blog". Retrieved 5 March 2018.[permanent dead link]
- State Emergency Service page on Department of Emergency Services webpage Archived 9 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
- "Brisbane Ladies". www.contemplator.com. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Toowong
- "Toowong". BRISbites. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008.
- "Toowong". Our Brisbane. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 14 February 2008.
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