Teelba is a watershed. In the north of the locality, Murilla Creek flows north into the Condamine River drainage basin, while in the south the Teelba Creek flows south into the Moonie River drainage basin.
Teelba Creek State School opened on 5 July 1965, but was renamed Teelba State School on 24 September 1965.
Teelba State School is a government co-education primary school (P-6) on Teelba Road just north of the crossing of Teelba Creek. In 2016, the school had an enrolment of 23 students with 3 teachers (2 full-time equivalent) and 5 non-teaching staff (2 full-time equivalent).
- "Teelba - locality in Maranoa Region (entry 47456)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
- "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
- Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
- "Annual Report 2016" (PDF). Teelba State School. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.