Surat /səˈræt/ is a rural town and locality in the Maranoa Region, Queensland, Australia.[3][4] In the 2016 census, the locality had a population of 407 people.[1]

Geography

The town of Surat is on the Balonne River, approximately 75 kilometres (47 mi) south of Roma on the Carnarvon Highway in South West Queensland. It is 450 kilometres (280 mi) west of Brisbane.

There are oil fields further south.

History

Mandandanji (also known as Mandandanyi, Mandandanjdji, Kogai) is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken by the Mandandanji people. The Mandandanji language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Maranoa Regional Council, particularly Roma, Yuleba and Surat, then east towards Chinchilla and south-west towards Mitchell and St George.[5]

The district was first mapped by New South Wales Surveyor-General Sir Thomas Mitchell in 1846. By the end of the 1840s pastoralists had penetrated the area, and in 1849 Mitchell directed surveyor Edward Lewis Burrowes to select a township site on the Balonne River. Burrowes did so and named it after the diamond-polishing city of Surat, after his former place of residence in present-day Gujarat state, then known as the Bombay Province, India.[6] At the 2011 census, the locality had a population of 426.[7]

Surat State School opened on 23 July 1874.[8]

Facilities

Maranoa Regional Council operates a public library at 62 Burrowes Street, within the Cobb & Co. Changing Station complex.[9] The public library opened in 1997 and has publicly accessible Wi-Fi.[10] The complex also has a Cobb & Co changing station, freshwater aquarium, social history museum, theatre and shire hall and the Balonne gallery.[11][12]

Education

Surat State School is a government primary and secondary (Prep-10) school for boys and girls at 55 Robert Street (27°09′15″S 149°04′01″E / 27.1543°S 149.0670°E / -27.1543; 149.0670 (Surat State School)).[13][14] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 87 students with 14 teachers (12 full-time equivalent) and 10 non-teaching staff (8 full-time equivalent).[15]

Heritage listings

Warroo Shire Hall

Surat has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Surat (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "SURAT". Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 4 December 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2010.
  3. ^ "Surat - town in Maranoa Region (entry 32870)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Surat - locality in Maranoa Region (entry 47455)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Mandandanji". State Library of Queensland. 15 January 2020.
  6. ^ University of Queensland. "Queensland Places". Archived from the original on 28 January 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  7. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Surat (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 November 2019. Edit this at Wikidata
  8. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  9. ^ "Surat Library". Public Libraries Connect. 18 September 2014. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  10. ^ "Queensland Public Library Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. November 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  11. ^ "About the Gallery". Surat on Balonne Gallery. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Cobb & Co Changing Station". Queensland. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  13. ^ "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Surat State School". Archived from the original on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  15. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Astor Theatre (entry 602352)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  17. ^ "Warroo Shire Hall (entry 602612)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013.

External links