The town lies in the northern part of the locality. The Western railway line passes through the locality from east to west. The town is serviced by the immediately to the north of the town. The Warrego Highway passes from east to west through the town, mostly being parallel immediately south of the railway line.
flows from Mount Bindango to the north down to the south-east of Muckadilla to Mount Abundance, passing just west of the town. The creek becomes Cogoon River and then is a tributary of the Balonne River.
The land is mostly 350-400m above sea level and used for grazing and cropping. Some of the slopes of the higher peaks (to 470m) in the south-west of the locality remain densely forested.
In 1889, the Queensland Government drilled a bore at Muckadilla. Although the water supply found was quite small, it was believed that it had healing properties and people flocked to Muckadilla in search of a cure. Dr E.W. Kerr of Brisbane endorsed the water, claiming it had cured "obstinate rheumatism" in some of his patients. The baths were popular and, in 1939, John McEwan Hunter proposed that a sanitorium should be built there to better allow people to improve their "rheumatism, arthritis, uritus, digestion, nerves and general health".
Muckadilla is one of the towns listed in the first verse of I've Been Everywhere.
- "Muckadilla - town (entry 23253)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "Muckadilla - locality (entry 47442)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
- "Agency ID 5550, Muckadilla State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- "Muckadilla". Outback Now. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- Griggs, Peter (2013), 'Taking the waters': mineral springs, artesian bores and health tourism in Queensland, 1870-1950, Cambridge University Press, pp. 159–160, retrieved 16 January 2017
- "MUCKADILLA BATHS AND CARNARVON RANGE". Western Star And Roma Advertiser (6907). Queensland, Australia. 18 November 1939. p. 2. Retrieved 16 January 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Bowden, David, (compiler.); Law, Sandra, (editor.) (2012), Remember Muckadilla : people, properties, businesses and sporting events, ISBN 978-0-9873610-0-4CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Bowden, David (2015), Remember Muckadilla service men & women, ISBN 978-0-9873610-2-8
- Muckadilla Hotel (1900), Famous Muckadilla bore : an account of some of its marvellous cures as well as detailed information as to how to get to Muckadilla and the accommodation available there, Printed by Biggs and Morcom
- Muckadilla School centenary : 1886 to 1986. 1986.
Media related to Muckadilla, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons