The Shire of Murray is a local government area of Western Australia. It has an area of 1,710.1 square kilometres (660.3 sq mi) and is located in the Peel Region about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of the Perth central business district.

The Shire extends across the Peel Inlet and the Swan Coastal Plain into the Darling Scarp, including about 77,000 hectares (190,000 acres) of State forests. Timber logging and agriculture were the traditional enterprises of the district. However, in recent decades, bauxite mining and a significant equine and tourism industry have emerged. The Murray River flows all year throughout the district. It offers premier country racing and trotting facilities, a golf course and an array of festivals and events.

The Shire is centred on the town of Pinjarra, one of the oldest towns in Western Australia where a number of 19th-century mud brick buildings are still in use today.

History

The area was first settled in 1834 by Sir Thomas Peel. On 7 November 1868, the Murray District Roads Committee had its first meeting in Pinjarra.[2]

The Shire of Murray originated as the Murray Road District, which was gazetted on 25 January 1871. On 1 July 1961, it became the Shire of Murray following the passage of the Local Government Act 1960, which reformed all remaining road districts into shires.[3]

Suburbs and towns

Population

Year Population
1911 2,199
1921 3,400
1933 4,060
1947 4,118
1954 3,897
1961 3,592
1966 3,329
1971 4,061
1976 5,035
1981 6,306
1986 6,634
1991 8,157
1996 9,144
2001 10,035
2006 11,969
2011 14,149
  • At the 1954 census, Mandurah, which had seceded from Murray, had a population of 1,687.

Notable councillors

Heritage-listed places

As of 2020, 128 places are heritage-listed in the Shire of Murray,[4] of which 13 are on the State Register of Heritage Places.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2014–15". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  2. ^ "MURRAY DISTRICT ROAD COMMITTEE". The Inquirer And Commercial News. XXXI (1, 565). Western Australia. 25 November 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 26 February 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  3. ^ "Municipality Boundary Amendments Register" (PDF). Western Australian Electoral Distribution Commission. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Shire of Murray Heritage Places". inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Shire of Murray State Register of Heritage Places". inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 14 February 2020.

External links

Coordinates: 32°37′48″S 115°52′16″E / 32.630°S 115.871°E / -32.630; 115.871