Map of local government areas in Western Australia

The local government areas of Western Australia (LGAs) are those areas, towns and districts in Western Australia that manage their own affairs to the extent permitted by the Local Government Act 1995.[1] The Local Government Act 1995 also makes provision for regional local governments, established by two or more local governments for a particular purpose.[2]

There are three classifications of local government in Western Australia:

  • City – predominantly urban, some larger regional centres
  • Town – predominantly inner urban, plus Port Hedland
  • Shire – predominantly rural or outer suburban areas

The Shire of Christmas Island and the Shire of Cocos (Keeling) Islands are Federal external territories and covered by the Indian Ocean Territories Administration of Laws Act, which allows the Western Australian Local Government Act to apply "on-island" as though it were a Commonwealth act. Nonetheless, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are not part of Western Australia.

History

Western Australia had the Towns Improvement Act 1838, which was the first form of local government organisation in Australia.[3] This was followed by the District Roads Act of 1871 which allowed for the establishment of Roads Boards.[citation needed]

Historically, two types of local government existed – municipalities, which represented towns or condensed urban areas, and road districts, which represented all other regions. For instance, the Perth Road District was the precursor to the City of Stirling. Only a few cities – Perth, Fremantle, Subiaco, South Perth and Nedlands – existed prior to 1961. On 1 July 1961, all road districts became shires, and all municipalities became towns.[citation needed]

Metropolitan LGAs

Local government area Council seat[4] Year est. Land area[5] Population density (2018)[5] Population Notes
km² sq mi 2013[6] 2018[6][5]
Armadale, City of Armadale 1894 560 216 157 72,662 87,634 Armadale-Kelmscott until 1979
Bassendean, Town of Bassendean 1901 10 4 1,521 15,828 15,739 West Guildford until 1922
Bayswater, City of Morley 1897 35 14 1,971 69,083 68,232
Belmont, City of Cloverdale 1898 40 15 1,042 39,919 41,510
Cambridge, Town of Floreat 1994 22 8 1,297 27,856 28,481 Split from Perth
Canning, City of Cannington 1907 65 25 1,433 93,491 92,965 Placed under control of a Commissioner in 2012
Claremont, Town of Claremont 1898 5 2 2,160 10,220 10,704
Cockburn, City of Spearwood 1871 168 65 668 102,787 112,165 Fremantle RD until 1959
Cottesloe, Town of Cottesloe 1895 3.9 2 2,151 8,409 8,188
East Fremantle, Town of East Fremantle 1897 3.1 1 2,489 7,740 8,711
Fremantle, City of Fremantle 1871 19 7 1,624 30,156 30,868
Gosnells, City of Gosnells 1907 127 49 969 119,381 123,325
Joondalup, City of Joondalup 1998 99 38 1,618 164,414 160,031 Split from Wanneroo
Kalamunda, City of Kalamunda 1897 324 125 182 58,622 58,946 Governed by a Commissioner until 1961
Kwinana, City of Kwinana Town Centre 1954 120 46 363 34,707 43,511
Melville, City of Booragoon[7] 1900 53 20 1,929 104,319 101,940
Mosman Park, Town of Mosman Park 1899 4.3 2 2,086 9,217 9,067 Split from Peppermint Grove RD. Buckland Hill RD 1899–1908, 1930–1937; Cottesloe Beach RD 1908–1930
Mundaring, Shire of Mundaring 1903 643 248 61 39,644 39,139 Greenmount until 1932
Nedlands, City of Nedlands 1893 20 8 1,148 22,665 22,554 Claremont RD until 1932
Peppermint Grove, Shire of Peppermint Grove 1895 1.1 0 1,612 1,694 1,721
Perth, City of Perth 1856 14 5 2,024 24,317 27,762
Rockingham, City of Rockingham 1897 258 100 518 119,300 133,389
Serpentine–Jarrahdale, Shire of Mundijong 1894 901 348 34 22,011 30,933
South Perth, City of South Perth 1892 19.8 8 2,198 44,348 43,554
Stirling, City of Stirling 1871 105 41 2,103 218,043 220,249 Shire of Perth until 1971
Subiaco, City of Subiaco 1896 5.6 2 3,045 16,466 17,106
Swan, City of Midland 1871 1,043 403 138 123,643 143,374
Victoria Park, Town of Victoria Park 1994 18 7 2,040 36,260 36,601 Split from Perth
Vincent, City of Leederville 1994 11 4 3,172 35,442 36,088 Split from Perth
Wanneroo, City of Wanneroo 1902 683 264 298 176,627 203,679

Non-metropolitan LGAs

Local government area Council seat[4] Region Year est. Land area[5] Population
Website Notes
km² sq mi (2013)[6] (2018)[6][5]
Albany, City of Albany Great Southern 1998 4,310.5 1,664 36,318 37,826 albany.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Town of Albany (1871)
Shire of Albany (1871)
Ashburton, Shire of Tom Price Pilbara 1972 202,325 78,118 12,025 13,329 ashburton.wa.gov.au West Pilbara until 1987. Formerly:
Shire of Ashburton (1887)
Shire of Tableland (1896)
Augusta–Margaret River, Shire of Margaret River South West 1891 2,123 820 13,487 15,700 amrsc.wa.gov.au Augusta until 1926
Beverley, Shire of Beverley Wheatbelt 1871 2,372 916 1,692 1,748 beverley.wa.gov.au
Boddington, Shire of Boddington Peel 1903 1,900 734 2,225 1,833 boddington.wa.gov.au Marradong until 1961
Boyup Brook, Shire of Boyup Brook South West 1896 2,827 1,092 1,667 1,756 boyupbrook.wa.gov.au Upper Blackwood until 1969
Bridgetown–Greenbushes, Shire of Bridgetown South West 1970 1,340 517 4,647 4,722 bridgetown.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of:
Nelson RD (1887–1917), Bridgetown RD (1917–1961), Shire of Bridgetown (1961–1970);
Greenbushes RD (1900–1961), Shire of Greenbushes (1961–1970)
Brookton, Shire of Brookton Wheatbelt 1906 1,602 619 998 965 brookton.wa.gov.au
Broome, Shire of Broome Kimberley 1918 54,632 21,094 17,185 16,952 broome.wa.gov.au
Broomehill–Tambellup, Shire of Tambellup Great Southern 2007 2,610 1,008 1,194 1,132 shirebt.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Shire of Broomehill (1892)
Shire of Tambellup (1905)
Bruce Rock, Shire of Bruce Rock Wheatbelt 1913 2,727 1,053 988 940 brucerock.wa.gov.au East Avon until 1918
Bunbury, City of Bunbury South West 1871 65 25 32,951 31,776 bunbury.wa.gov.au City in 1979
Busselton, City of Busselton South West 1951 1,455 562 34,696 38,926 busselton.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Municipality and RD (both 1871)
Capel, Shire of Capel South West 1894 558 215 16,483 18,022 capel.wa.gov.au Bunbury RD until 1907
Carnamah, Shire of Carnamah Mid West 1923 2,876 1,110 566 541 carnamah.wa.gov.au Split from Irwin and Mingenew
Carnarvon, Shire of Carnarvon Gascoyne 1911 46,665 18,017 6,034 5,362 carnarvon.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Town of Carnarvon (1891–1965)
Lower Gascoyne RD (1887–1911)
Minilya RD (1893–1911)
(1911–1965)
Chapman Valley, Shire of Nabawa Mid West 1901 3,988 1,540 1,349 1,492 chapmanvalley.wa.gov.au Upper Chapman until 1958
Chittering, Shire of Bindoon Wheatbelt 1896 1,221 471 5,112 5,742 chittering.wa.gov.au
Christmas Island, Shire of Christmas Island 1992 137 53 1,462 1,928[8] shire.gov.cx Federal external territory.
Cocos, Shire of Home Island 1992 14 5 605 538[8] shire.cc

Federal external territory.

Collie, Shire of Collie South West 1951 1,711 661 9,464 8,754 collie.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Municipality (1901) and RD (1900)
Coolgardie, Shire of Coolgardie Goldfields 1921 30,381 11,730 4,196 3,506 coolgardie.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Municipality (1894) and RD (1896)
Coorow, Shire of Coorow Mid West 1962 4,194 1,619 1,099 1,004 coorow.wa.gov.au Split from Carnamah
Corrigin, Shire of Corrigin Wheatbelt 1913 2,682 1,036 1,147 1,146 corrigin.wa.gov.au
Cranbrook, Shire of Cranbrook Great Southern 1926 3,278 1,266 1,129 1,077 cranbrook.wa.gov.au
Cuballing, Shire of Cuballing Wheatbelt 1902 1,196 462 901 862 cuballing.wa.gov.au
Cue, Shire of Cue Mid West 1912 13,607 5,254 272 148 cue.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Day Dawn M. (1894) and Cue RD (1895)
Cunderdin, Shire of Cunderdin Wheatbelt 1894 1,864 720 1,392 1,440 cunderdin.wa.gov.au Split from Northam, named Meckering until 1944
Dalwallinu, Shire of Dalwallinu Wheatbelt 1916 7,235 2,793 1,375 1,431 dalwallinu.wa.gov.au
Dandaragan, Shire of Jurien Bay Wheatbelt 1890 6,718 2,594 3,308 3,259 dandaragan.wa.gov.au
Dardanup, Shire of Eaton South West 1894 526 203 13,824 14,368 dardanup.wa.gov.au
Denmark, Shire of Denmark Great Southern 1911 1,860 718 5,804 6,154 denmark.wa.gov.au
Derby–West Kimberley, Shire of Derby Kimberley 1884 119,841 46,271 9,491 8,255 sdwk.wa.gov.au West Kimberley until 1983
Donnybrook–Balingup, Shire of Donnybrook South West 1970 1,561 603 5,803 6,062 donnybrook-balingup.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Shire of Donnybrook, Preston RD until 1961 (1896)
Shire of Balingup, Upper Capel RD until 1905 (1899)
Dowerin, Shire of Dowerin Wheatbelt 1911 1,865 720 707 676 dowerin.wa.gov.au
Dumbleyung, Shire of Dumbleyung Wheatbelt 1909 2,542 981 653 676 dumbleyung.wa.gov.au]
Dundas, Shire of Norseman Goldfields 1929 92,656 35,775 1,069 735 dundas.wa.gov.au
East Pilbara, Shire of Newman Pilbara 1972 372,301 143,746 12,570 10,970 eastpilbara.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Shire of Marble Bar (1896)
Shire of Nullagine (1898)
Esperance, Shire of Esperance Goldfields 1895 45,059 17,397 14,422 14,281 esperance.wa.gov.au Absorbed municipality (1895–1908)
Exmouth, Shire of Exmouth Gascoyne 1964 6,504 2,511 2,655 2,836 exmouth.wa.gov.au
Gingin, Shire of Gingin Wheatbelt 1893 3,211 1,240 5,267 5,258 gingin.wa.gov.au Absorbed municipality (1893–1903)
Gnowangerup, Shire of Gnowangerup Great Southern 1912 4,267 1,647 1,294 1,207 gnowangerup.wa.gov.au
Goomalling, Shire of Goomalling Wheatbelt 1927 1,837 709 1,038 1,011 goomalling.wa.gov.au
Greater Geraldton, City of Geraldton Mid West 2011 9,903 3,824 39,838 38,738 cgg.wa.gov.au Formerly:
City of Geraldton (1871–2007)
Shire of Greenough (1951–2007)
Shire of Mullewa (1911–2011)
Halls Creek, Shire of Halls Creek Kimberley 1887 133,061 51,375 3,810 3,490 hcshire.wa.gov.au Kimberley Goldfields until 1915
Harvey, Shire of Harvey South West 1894 1,729 668 25,657 27,798 harvey.wa.gov.au
Irwin, Shire of Dongara Mid West 1871 2,375 917 3,749 3,560 irwin.wa.gov.au
Jerramungup, Shire of Jerramungup Great Southern 1982 6,509 2,513 1,112 1,133 jerramungup.wa.gov.au Split from Gnowangerup
Kalgoorlie–Boulder, City of Kalgoorlie Goldfields 1989 95,242 36,773 33,267 29,998 kalbould.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Town of Kalgoorlie (1897–1989)
Shire of Boulder (1969–1989)
Karratha, City of Karratha Pilbara 1887 15,278 5,899 24,432 22,414 karratha.wa.gov.au Absorbed Roebourne and Cossack municipalities in 1910, was known as Shire of Roebourne until 2014
Katanning, Shire of Katanning Great Southern 1892 1,519 586 4,403 4,085 katanning.wa.gov.au
Kellerberrin, Shire of Kellerberrin Wheatbelt 1908 1,917 740 1,251 1,207 kellerberrin.wa.gov.au
Kent, Shire of Nyabing Great Southern 1922 5,631 2,174 547 562 kent.wa.gov.au Nyabing–Pingrup 1955–1972
Kojonup, Shire of Kojonup Great Southern 1871 2,932 1,132 2,044 1,980 kojonup.wa.gov.au
Kondinin, Shire of Kondinin Wheatbelt 1925 7,427 2,868 985 870 kondinin.wa.gov.au
Koorda, Shire of Koorda Wheatbelt 1927 2,835 1,095 446 408 koorda.wa.gov.au
Kulin, Shire of Kulin Wheatbelt 1918 4,720 1,822 831 774 kulin.wa.gov.au Roe until 1926
Lake Grace, Shire of Lake Grace Wheatbelt 1922 11,892 4,592 1,374 1,282 lakegrace.wa.gov.au
Laverton, Shire of Laverton Goldfields 1906 180,127 69,547 1,428 1,206 laverton.wa.gov.au Mount Margaret until 1950, absorbed Mount Morgans M (1900–1913)
Leonora, Shire of Leonora Goldfields 1912 31,941 12,332 2,419 1,529 leonora.wa.gov.au
Mandurah, City of Mandurah Peel 1949 174 67 79,292 85,302 mandurah.wa.gov.au City in 1990
Manjimup, Shire of Manjimup South West 1908 7,027 2,713 9,482 9,159 manjimup.wa.gov.au Warren until 1925
Meekatharra, Shire of Meekatharra Mid West 1909 100,327 38,736 1,426 1,008 meekashire.wa.gov.au
Menzies, Shire of Menzies Goldfields 1912 124,794 48,183 486 521 menzies.wa.gov.au
Merredin, Shire of Merredin Wheatbelt 1921 3,297 1,273 3,379 3,410 merredin.wa.gov.au
Mingenew, Shire of Mingenew Mid West 1901 1,937 748 487 432 mingenew.wa.gov.au Upper Irwin until 1919
Moora, Shire of Moora Wheatbelt 1908 3,767 1,454 2,527 2,426 moora.wa.gov.au Split from Victoria Plains
Morawa, Shire of Morawa Mid West 1928 3,517 1,358 872 698 morawa.wa.gov.au Split from Perenjori–Morawa RD
Mount Magnet, Shire of Mount Magnet Mid West 1901 13,893 5,364 661 464 mtmagnet.wa.gov.au Absorbed municipality (1896–1901)
Mount Marshall, Shire of Bencubbin Wheatbelt 1923 10,197 3,937 523 518 mtmarshall.wa.gov.au
Mukinbudin, Shire of Mukinbudin Wheatbelt 1933 3,438 1,327 545 531 mukinbudin.wa.gov.au
Murchison, Shire of Murchison Mid West 1875 45,110 17,417 146 162 murchison.wa.gov.au
Murray, Shire of Pinjarra Peel 1887 1,711 661 16,087 17,653 murray.wa.gov.au
Nannup, Shire of Nannup South West 1890 3,055 1,180 1,343 1,363 nannup.wa.gov.au Lower Blackwood until 1925
Narembeen, Shire of Narembeen Wheatbelt 1925 3,836 1,481 826 837 narembeen.wa.gov.au
Narrogin, Shire of Narrogin Wheatbelt 1892 1,632 630 5,324 5,040 narrogin.wa.gov.au Absorbed Town of Narrogin (1906–2016)
Ngaanyatjarraku, Shire of Warburton Goldfields 1993 160,733 62,059 1,689 1,747 ngaanyatjarraku.wa.gov.au
Northam, Shire of Northam Wheatbelt 1871 1,432 553 11,472 11,190 northam.wa.gov.au Absorbed Town of Northam (1879–2007)
Northampton, Shire of Northampton Mid West 1871 12,638 4,880 3,432 3,077 northampton.wa.gov.au Mines RD until 1887
Nungarin, Shire of Nungarin Wheatbelt 1921 1,164 449 254 247 nungarin.wa.gov.au
Perenjori, Shire of Perenjori Mid West 1916 8,311 3,209 830 596 perenjori.wa.gov.au Perenjori–Morawa until 1928
Pingelly, Shire of Pingelly Wheatbelt 1891 1,295 500 1,205 1,152 pingelly.wa.gov.au Moorumbine until 1913
Plantagenet, Shire of Mount Barker Great Southern 1871 4,877 1,883 5,172 5,249 plantagenet.wa.gov.au
Port Hedland, Town of Port Hedland Pilbara 1891 18,482 7,136 15,951 14,975 porthedland.wa.gov.au Pilbara until 1904. Town 1989
Quairading, Shire of Quairading Wheatbelt 1913 2,018 779 1,066 1,007 quairading.wa.gov.au Avon until 1922
Ravensthorpe, Shire of Ravensthorpe Goldfields 1900 9,833 3,797 2,118 1,598 ravensthorpe.wa.gov.au Phillips River until 1961
Sandstone, Shire of Sandstone Mid West 1897 32,714 12,631 112 81 sandstone.wa.gov.au Black Range until 1961
Shark Bay, Shire of Denham Gascoyne 1904 24,184 9,337 936 946 sharkbay.wa.gov.au
Tammin, Shire of Tammin Wheatbelt 1948 1,103 426 415 401 tammin.wa.gov.au Split from Cunderdin
Three Springs, Shire of Three Springs Mid West 1928 2,656 1,025 638 591 threesprings.wa.gov.au
Toodyay, Shire of Toodyay Wheatbelt 1912 1,693 654 4,682 4,427 toodyay.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Newcastle M (1877) and Toodyay RD (1871)
Trayning, Shire of Trayning Wheatbelt 1911 1,652 638 366 348 trayning.wa.gov.au
Upper Gascoyne, Shire of Gascoyne Junction Gascoyne 1887 58,007 22,397 270 279 uppergascoyne.wa.gov.au
Victoria Plains, Shire of Calingiri Wheatbelt 1871 2,553 986 932 934 victoriaplains.wa.gov.au
Wagin, Shire of Wagin Wheatbelt 1887 1,947 752 1,925 1,824 wagin.wa.gov.au Arthur until 1905. Absorbed municipality (1906–1961)
Wandering, Shire of Wandering Wheatbelt 1874 1,901 734 451 431 wandering.wa.gov.au
Waroona, Shire of Waroona Peel 1898 832 321 3,931 4,169 waroona.wa.gov.au Drakesbrook until 1961
West Arthur, Shire of Darkan Wheatbelt 1896 2,834 1,094 884 798 westarthur.wa.gov.au
Westonia, Shire of Westonia Wheatbelt 1916 3,316 1,280 302 302 westonia.wa.gov.au
Wickepin, Shire of Wickepin Wheatbelt 1909 2,041 788 764 730 wickepin.wa.gov.au
Williams, Shire of Williams Wheatbelt 1871 2,306 890 977 1,024 williams.wa.gov.au
Wiluna, Shire of Wiluna Mid West 1909 181,662 70,140 1,131 706 wiluna.wa.gov.au
Wongan–Ballidu, Shire of Wongan Hills Wheatbelt 1887 3,368 1,300 1,474 1,299 wongan.wa.gov.au Melbourne until 1926
Woodanilling, Shire of Woodanilling Great Southern 1906 1,129 436 430 428 woodanilling.wa.gov.au
Wyalkatchem, Shire of Wyalkatchem Wheatbelt 1920 1,596 616 541 498 wyalkatchem.wa.gov.au
Wyndham East Kimberley, Shire of Kununurra Kimberley 1887 112,023 43,252 8,243 7,317 swek.wa.gov.au East Kimberley until 1896, Wyndham until 1961
Yalgoo, Shire of Yalgoo Mid West 1907 27,976 10,802 426 357 yalgoo.wa.gov.au Upper Murchison until 1912
Yilgarn, Shire of Southern Cross Wheatbelt 1891 30,405 11,739 1,539 1,169 yilgarn.wa.gov.au Absorbed Southern Cross M (1892–1918)
York, Shire of York Wheatbelt 1871 2,133 824 3,619 3,591 york.wa.gov.au Absorbed (1871–1965)

Regional local government organisations

References

  1. ^ "Local Government Act 1995". Retrieved 26 July 2011.
  2. ^ Refer Part 3 Division 4 of the "Local Government Act 1995". Retrieved 26 July 2011.
  3. ^ Gregory, Jenny; Gothard, Janice; Gregory, Jenny; Gothard, Jan (2009), Historical encyclopedia of Western Australia, University of Western Australia Press, ISBN 978-1-921401-15-2 - Berry, Christopher Local Government pp.540-542. the act enabled the establishment of Town Trusts.
  4. ^ a b Department of Health. "Local Government contacts". Retrieved 26 July 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d e "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Local Government Area (ASGS 2018), 2017 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d "People: Population: ERP by LGA (ASGS 2018), 2001 to 2018". ABS.Stat. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  7. ^ Contact Us – City of Melville
  8. ^ a b "ERP by SA2 and above (ASGS 2016), 2001 onwards". ABS.Stat. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  9. ^ "Bunbury Harvey Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  10. ^ "Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  11. ^ "Mindarie Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  12. ^ "Murchison Regional Vermin Council". Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Pilbara Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  14. ^ "Rivers Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  15. ^ "Southern Metropolitan Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  16. ^ "Tamala Park Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  17. ^ "Western Metropolitan Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.

External links