Murrumbeena is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 13 km south-east of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Glen Eira. At the 2016 Census, Murrumbeena had a population of 9,926.
Murrumbeena is a small suburban area with extensive parklands and a rich artistic heritage.
It’s multiple commercial zones, which feature services and thriving cafes, include Murrumbeena Village (nearby the train station), Poath Road, North Road and Murrumbeena Road nearby the Beauville Estate and Duncan McKinnon Reserve.
The name "Murrumbeena" derives from the Aboriginal word "mirambeena". It may have meant "land of frogs", "moss growing on decayed wood" or it may be a derivative from the name of an Aboriginal elder. The evidence for any of these etymologies is uncertain. The name was officially adopted when the railway station opened in 1879.
The Boon Wurrung, the Indigenous Australians of the Kulin Nation, are recognised as the traditional owners of the land now known as Murrumbeena.
- 14 May 1879 – Murrumbeena Railway station opens and the name Murrumbeena is officially adopted for the settlement
- 21 September 1889 – Railway station signal box contract signed to erect by J. Brown.
- 12 May 1890 – Murrumbeena Post Office opens
- 1900 – Film segments of Soldiers of the Cross, the world’s first narrative drama film presentation, shot at Murrumbeena Girls Home.
- 1921 – Merric Boyd opens Australia's first pottery studio at Open Country, 4 Wahroonga Road
- 1922 – Electrification of railway & wicket gates
- 1939 – Hatton Beck and Lucy Boyd open Altamira Pottery
- 1940s – Arthur Boyd, John Perceval and Peter Herbst establish Arthur Merric Boyd (AMB) Pottery at 500 Neerim Road
- 1972 – Shorting of railway siding at station used to deliver coal and goods.
- 6 December 1977 – Removal of railway siding at station.
- 1989 – Boyd Park established and officially opened by the Mayor of Caulfield, Veronica Martens. Caulfield Environment Group established by local residents to rehabilitate and plant flora in park.
- 2004 – Murrumbeena Community Bank established to support local businesses and the community.
- 2010 – The Neerim Road level crossing identified by the RACV as one of the worst for traffic congestion in metropolitan Melbourne.
- 7 February 2016 – The Victorian government announce plans for grade separation works with an elevated rail project to run through Carnegie, Murrumbeena and Hughesdale, and the relocation of Hughesdale station to Murrumbeena also.
- 18 June 2018 - New elevated station opens.
The main street of Murrumbeena Village is Neerim Road, nearby the intersection of Murrumbeena Road and the railway station. It contains modern cafes and dining options (Chinese, fish and chips, Indian, pizza, Thai, Vietnamese); businesses including hairdressers/barbers, florist and curio/op shops; and services including a bank, post office, newsagent and pharmacy. Yoga and dance studios, and a martial arts centre also feature in this area.
Artist Merric Boyd would buy his sketchbooks (Octavo Spirax #577) at the newsagency here.
Trading at the shopping centre suffered greatly with the opening of Chadstone Shopping Centre, nearby, and major infrastructure upgrades during 2017/2018, however it has seen a recent revival, particularly of street cafes and apartment buildings.
"Frogtopia," twin murals by local artist Anthony Breslin, feature in Attwood Lane between Neerim Road and the station.
Murrumbeena is a well-connected suburb with ease of access to public transport and main road arterials leading to freeways and City Link.
The main roads delineating Murrumbeena are Dandenong Road, North Road, Murrumbeena Road and Poath Road, while Neerim Road traverses through it.
Murrumbeena railway station is a Zone 1 suburban railway station providing regular services to the city and along the Pakenham and Cranbourne lines. Most peak hour services run partially express, with only five stops between Murrumbeena and Melbourne's CBD. The popular service is well used through to late night. There are direct train connections to Monash University (Caulfield) and bus connections to Monash University (Clayton) and Holmesglen Tafe.
Murrumbeena Bus Interchange sits on Murrumbeena Road under the elevated railway station, with Bus Routes 624 and 822 traversing through it.
- Bus Route 623 stops at Dandenong Road service lane, on the northern boundary of Murrumbeena, en route from Chadstone SC to St Kilda.
- Bus Route 624 travels between Kew and Oakleigh via Malvern, Carnegie, Murrumbeena Bus Interchange, Chadstone SC and Homesglen TAFE, and travels east and west along Neerim Road.
- Bus Route 625 travels between Elsternwick and Chadstone SC via Caulfield, Ormond, Carnegie and Oakleigh, stopping along Kangaroo Road (including Murrumbeena Park) in Murrumbeena.
- Bus Route 626 stops at Dandenong Road service lane, on the northern boundary of Murrumbeena, en route from Chadstone SC to Brighton.
- Bus Route 630 travels between Elwood and Monash University (Clayton) along North Road via Ormond, Murrumbeena and Huntingdale, stopping on the southern boundary of Murrumbeena.
- Bus Route 822 travels between Chadstone SC and Sandringham via Murrumbeena Bus Interchange and Southland SC, predominantly stopping along Murrumbeena Road.
- Bus Route 900 travels Rowville (Stud Park SC) via Monash University (Clayton), Oakleigh, Chadstone SC to Caulfield/Monash University (Caulfield). It stops on Dandenong Road service lane, on the northern boundary of Murrumbeena, en route to Caulfield.
Architecture and Design
Murrumbeena is a rejuvenating suburb, with significant increase in urban density along the rail corridor and main arterials replacing single-level dwellings with four to five-storey buildings. Outside of the main streets, Murrumbeena is a mix of predominantly single-family detached homes with small pockets of walk-up flats of up to two stories developed since the 1960s. The predominant style of the buildings in the shopping strip, station and surrounding homes are Federation and Interwar which include many magnificent examples of single story Art Deco designs.
The Victoria Heritage Database lists the following significant buildings in Murrumbeena:
- Murrumbeena Primary School in Hobart Road
- Murrumbeena railway station — dismantled in 2017 as part of elevated rail upgrade, with some parts salvaged for reuse as features in the new railway station
- "Alnwick," 11 Railway Parade, is an early example of Queen Anne style and was built for Sir James Patterson, former Commissioner of Public Works, and Railways and Premier and Chief Secretary at the time
- ”Tralee,” 4 Wahroonga Crescent, was built by painter Arthur Merric Boyd and Emma Minnie Boyd, and is a unique blend of California Bungalow and Victorian styles with ornate features
- "Urangara," 21 Omama Road
- "Croft Head" (built in 1887) at 13 Poath Rd - historically and aesthetically significant
- The Beauville Estate (built 1934-1936), built by Albert Victor Jennings, was the harbinger of planned community developments after WW1 and is listed under the National Trust due to its state heritage significance.
- The stained glass memorial windows of the Uniting Church (formerly St Giles Presbyterian) are listed in the Victorian War Memorial Register.
Other listed significant features include:
- Springthorpe Reserve Gates, in Neerim Road, is the last remnant of the Old Melbourne Hospital, founded in 1846-48 and important as the City's first public hospital.
- Andreas Svensson Pipe Organ (circa 1900-1910), in St Peter's Anglican Church at 371 Neerim Road, is the only identifiable example of the leading builder's work and retains its original pipework.
"Butterfly House," 38 Kangaroo Road, was designed as a template for modern sustainable design in established suburbs.
Arts and Culture
One of the most significant artistic groups in mid twentieth-century Melbourne gathered at "Open Country," the Boyd family property in Murrumbeena. Outer Circle: The Boyds and the Murrumbeena Artists (NGV Australia 2014) presented the works created by Merric Boyd, Australia's first studio potter, Arthur Boyd, John Perceval and others at Open Country and the Arthur Merric Boyd (AMB) Pottery on Neerim Road.
Colourful sculptures tower above the Murrumbeena Community Garden beds (planted with a variety of vegetables, sunflowers and Indigenous herbs) and painted furniture at Anthony Breslin’s Community Art Project. The surrounding walls feature works of Breslin (including frogs) and other local artists, an extensive mural wall displays hundreds of tiles created by local primary school students, and a sustainable water garden feature sits alongside the shed. It is reached via the driveway of Murrumbeena Uniting Church, 117 Murrumbeena Road.
Murrumbeena Primary School
Murrumbeena Primary School is an International Baccalaureate World School and Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Program participant. The school building is on the Victorian Heritage Database due to its architectural significance.
- 1910 Current site purchased
- 1917 Current site occupied (opening with five teachers and 250 students)
- 1929 School swimming pool built
St Patrick's Catholic Primary School
Murrumbeena High School
Murrumbeena High School originally occupied a large parcel of land on the corner of Murrumbeena Road and North Road at 801 North Rd, Murrumbeena 3163, across the road from Duncan McKinnon Reserve.
- 13 August 1974: The school's art block was burnt down.
- 1990: Renamed as Murrumbeena Secondary College.
- 1996: Murrumbeena Secondary College was closed by the Kennett Government, part of a widespread closure of schools that led to a shortage of educational options within a few years.
Parks and Recreation
Forming part of the Outer Circle Railway Linear Park, Boyd Park was named after the artistically talented Boyd family, and links with the Urban Forest at its northern end on Dandenong Road. The leafy park is surrounded by gum trees and has broad, open areas with a small playground and BBQ pavilion. "Open Country," a bronze sculpture by Lenore Boyd representing Merric Boyd's vision of life in early Murrumbeena, is mounted on a boulder nearby the park’s Neerim Road entry. The southern end features majestic 250-year-old River Red Gum trees, a bordering post and rail fence, and some of the last remnant Indigenous forest in the region, which includes endangered native orchids. Regular wildlife throughout Boyd Park includes brush tail and ringtail possums, 21 recorded native bird species (including tawny frogmouth), geckos and microbats. The endangered Swift Parrot has been monitored foraging amongst the River Red Gums and winter-flowering golden wattle here and near Murrumbeena and Carnegie stations on its annual migration to Tasmania.
At the end of the park is a mosaic pavement by artist Donna Leslie, reflecting the ecological harmony, balance and interdependence of the natural elements of our environment in a Koori design. The nearby Caulfield 9th (Murrumbeena) Scout Hall takes advantage of its park/bush environment and is the only group with an animal emblem (the frog) in the state.
The entry to Springthorpe Gardens features the original old gates of the Royal Melbourne Hospital (prior to 1860), which were presented to Dr JW Springthorpe, who was a revered physician at the hospital and wrote many medical texts. The park was developed and named after him in 1934 and is particularly attractive when the trees are in blossom in early spring.
Murrumbeena Park on Kangaroo Road has an expansive discovery playground with dry riverbed, flying fox, climbing tower, maze, BBQ and picnic facilities. The two established ovals are predominantly used by the Murrumbeena Football Club and Cricket Club. Nearby is an off-leash dog-walking area. Murrumbeena Park Bowls Club is on the park’s eastern boundary.
Duncan McKinnon Reserve, on the corner of Murrumbeena and North Roads, features an athletics facility, netball courts, sporting grounds and playground. The open access, 1.2km fitness track around the perimeter includes an ‘outdoor gym’ with balance beam, bench, horizontal bar, jump touch, monkey bars, pull up bar, push up bar and step.
Mallanbool Reserve, off Murrumbeena Road and Leila Road, is a cultural and botanical trail for visitors to learn about the original inhabitants of the area, the Kulin. Its trails connect to Packer Park.
The historical Boyd Walk commences in Murrumbeena Village opposite Murrumbeena Station and connects eight sites of historical significance. It tells the story of Murrumbeena’s artistic heritage and local life of the Boyd family and associated artists who completed significant works in the area.
The Kulin Nation Trail through Mallanbool Reserve is an interpretive cultural and botanical trail telling the stories of the original Indigenous owners of the area.
The 17km-long Djerring Trail, which runs under the elevated rail pylons, was completed in 2018. The leafy, shared pedestrian/bike path has exercise stations, and links Murrumbeena to Hughesdale (east) and Carnegie (west).
Numerous cycling connections traverse Murrumbeena, including the 17km-long Djerring Trail, which runs under and alongside the rail corridor from Caulfield to Dandenong.
A shared path through Boyd Park (along the Outer Circle Railway) connects to Gardiners Creek Trail on the other side of Dandenong Road then onto the Yarra Trail and Scotchmans Creek Trail. A bike repair station is alongside the path in Boyd Park.
Rosstown Rail Trail runs east-west along Murrumbeena Crescent.
The shared bike and parking lane along Murrumbeena Road runs north-south connecting to Dandenong Road and extending along East Boundary Road.
- The potter Merric Boyd (1888–1959) established a studio in Murrumbeena and produced his own distinctive style of Art Nouveau ceramics. Through the Boyds, Murrumbeena played host to other well-known artists including John Perceval, Sidney Nolan, Hatton Beck, and Peter Herbst, Albert Tucker, Joy Hester, Yosl Bergner, Jean Langley and many others.
- Doris Boyd (née Gough, 1889–1960) was a painter who studied under Bernard Hall and Frederick McCubbin at the National Gallery School, where she met husband Merric Boyd.
- Emma Minnie Boyd (1858–1936) was an experienced and prolific Australian artist and lived at 4 Wahroonga Crescent.
- Arthur Boyd AC OBE (1920–1999) was one of the leading Australian painters of the late 20th Century. In 1995 he was awarded Australian of the Year and in 1999 Boyd's portrait and artwork were featured in the Australian Legends series postage stamps. One of the world’s largest tapestries, a greatly enlarged version of Boyd's original painting, hangs in the Great Hall of the Australian Parliament House.
- Guy Boyd (1923–1988) was a renowned figurative sculptor, potter and activist born and raised at “Open Country.” He authored “Justice in Jeopardy” in defence of Lindy Chamberlain, and was the subject of a book by Anne Von Burtouch and Patrick Hutchings.
- David Boyd OAM (1924–2011) was a renown figurative painter, ceramic sculptor and potter, born and raised at “Open Country.” He was married to and was a member of the Antipodeans group.
- Lady Mary Elizabeth Nolan (née Boyd, also Mary Perceval, 1926-2016) was a photographer and featured in many paintings by Arthur Boyd, sculptures by Guy Boyd and the nativities of (first husband) John Perceval. She created a centre for communal art activities at The Rodd in Wales, along with husband Sidney Nolan.
- Hatton Beck (1901–1994), potter, and Lucy Boyd (1916–2009), painter and designer, married at Open Country and set up the Altamira Pottery in 1939. In 1961, they returned to live at Open Country, where they established a pottery school, taught, produced and exhibited their own pottery.
- Elizabeth Fretwell OBE (1920–2006) was an Australian soprano born and raised in Murrumbeena. She was the prima donna at London's Sadler's Wells Opera (English National Opera) through much of the 1950s and 1960s, sang before Queen Elizabeth II, joined the Australian Opera and performed at Sydney Opera House.
- Jazz musician/trombonist Frank Traynor (1927–1985) opened the Melbourne Jazz Club, was once dubbed 'Australia's king of jazz,' and was born Murrumbeena.
- Mark Trevorrow, the creator of Bob Downe, the camp safari-suit wearing comic and singer was born and raised in Murrumbeena.
- Musician Nick Cave, AO, grew up in the suburb, following his early years in Warracknabeal. Local cafe Nature Boy, named after one of Cave's songs, is an homage to the former resident.
- TISM played their first show at the Duncan McKinnon Athletics Reserve's track club rooms on 6 December 1983.
- Singer-songwriter Vance Joy (born James Keogh) grew up in Murrumbeena.
- Suzanne Johnston, an operatic mezzo-soprano and ARIA Award winner, was born in Murrumbeena.
- Eve Ash - writer, filmmaker and former Director/Board member of the AFI and Film Victoria - was raised in Murrumbeena.
- Artist and author Anthony Breslin has created murals and community art and sculpture projects in the suburb, where he resides.
Many Australian Rules footballers played with Melbourne Demons and came from Murrumbeena Football Club and also grew up (or went to school) in the suburb, including Robert Flower from 1973 until 1987, Tom Flower, Ray Carr, Mark Mitchell, Howard Hollow and Ken Jungworth.
- Ellia Green, OAM, is a professional Australian Rugby Union player representing Australia in Sevens Rugby and won a gold medal at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio. She lived in Murrumbeena while attending school.
- Wayne Walsh was recruited from Murrumbeena FC to play for Richmond (Tigers) in 1968, played for South Melbourne (Swans), then returned to the Tigers and played in the 1973/1974 Premiership teams.
- Paralympic swimming medallist Phillip Tracey was from the suburb.
Business and Politics
- Sir James Patterson KCMG (18 November 1833 – 30 October 1895), was an Australian colonial politician and the 17th Premier of Victoria. He lived in Murrumbeena and was still a member of Parliament when he died from influenza.
- Bill Shorten, the Member for Maribyrnong in the Australian Parliament, grew up in Neerim Rd, Murrumbeena and attended Mass at the Good Shepherd Convent, on the current site of Chadstone Shopping Centre. He is the Leader of the Australian Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition in the Australian House of Representatives.
- Entrepreneur and owner of Australia's National Basketball League (NBL), Larry Kestelman attended Murrumbeena High School.
The suburb has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Southern Football League with a history that can be traced back to the formation of the Murrumbeena Junior Football Club in 1918. They have junior and senior sides, including women's teams. Murrumbeena won back-to-back SFNL Women's Division 1 Premierships in 2017 and 2018.
Murrumbeena Park Bowls Club, in Gerald Street, fields two teams in the Bowls Victoria Pennant competition.
- Murrumbeena Football Club – Founded in 1918.
- Murrumbeena Cricket Club – Founded in 1910.
- Murrumbeena Park Bowls Club
- Glenhuntly Athletics Club, Duncan McKinnon Reserve
- Caulfield Little Athletics, Duncan McKinnon Reserve
- Murrumbeena Netball Club (MNC)
- Caulfield and District Netball Association, Duncan McKinnon Reserve
- Murrumbeena Tennis Club
- Caulfield Recreational Tennis Club, opposite Duncan McKinnon Reserve
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Smith, Colin G. (2013). Merric Boyd and Murrumbeena: The Life of an Artist in a Time and a Place. ISBN 978-0-646-59558-0