Mosman Park is a western suburb of Perth, Western Australia on the north bank of the Swan River in the local government area of the Town of Mosman Park. It was historically known as Buckland Hill (1889-1909), then Cottesloe Beach (1909-1930) and again Buckland Hill (1930-1937). From 1937 it was named Mosman Park, derived from Mosman in Sydney, the birthplace of Richard Yeldon, a member of the Buckland Hill Road Board. Mosman Park is now considered an affluent suburb, but prior to the 1970s was one of Perth's major industrial centres.
Mosman Park is bounded by the Indian Ocean and the Fremantle railway line to the west, a line south of Johnston Street to the north, and the Swan River to the east and south with approximately 5 km of river frontage. To the west of the railway line Mosman Park includes a section of approximately 600 metres of ocean frontage, south of the extension of Boundary Road and north of the extension of McCabe Street.
Following the 1827 expedition by Captain James Stirling on HMS Success to assess the suitability of the Swan River district for a settlement, it was the original plan for the 1829 expedition to use the area around Buckland Hill as the site for a town for the proposed settlement. The expedition's botanist Charles Fraser wrote "These hills are admirably adapted for the site of a town, their elevated situation commanding a view of the whole of Canning Sound, with the adjacent coast, the interior for some distance, and the meanderings of the river. Their lying open to all breezes, too, is an additional advantage." This view, however, was later superseded by Captain Stirling on his arrival with the first immigrants in Parmelia in June 1829, by placing the capital, Perth, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the port.
Mosman Park was established with the first survey of town lots in 1889 as Buckland Hill, taking its name from the prominent local hill that was a major maritime navigation mark for shipping from the earliest days of colonization.
Mosman Park was a major industrial centre for the state with a General Motors car and truck assembly plant (1926-1972), the Colonial Sugar Refinery, the Mt Lyell Farmers' Fertilisers superphosphate works, the W.A. Rope and Twine Works and the West Australian Brushware Co. factory (one of the largest of its kind in Australia). All were closed by the 1970s. Today, almost all of Mosman Park is residential, with significant parklands at Buckland Hill and along the river.
In the 2016 census, Mosman Park had a population of 8,757 people living in 4,064 private dwellings, 60.9% of which were detached houses on separate lots. The ABS identified health, hospitality and education as the main occupations of residents.
Mosman Park is served by the Mosman Park and Victoria Street railway stations. Various public buses, including the CircleRoute bus route travel along Stirling Highway and through Mosman Park's eastern section.
From 1901 to 1968 and from 1974 to 1980 Mosman Park was part of the Fremantle electorate, since 1934 a notional Labor seat. Its most prominent member was wartime Prime Minister John Curtin, a Cottesloe resident.
Since 1980 it has been part of the federal division of Curtin. Curtin is regarded as a safe seat for the centre right Liberal Party, which has held the seat continually since its inception, with the exception of a period from 1996 to 1998 when former Liberal member Allan Rocher held the seat as an independent. The current member is Celia Hammond. In the parliament of Western Australia, its Legislative Assembly electoral district is Cottesloe, held by David Honey, also of the Liberal Party.
- Angela Bennett, mining heiress and businesswoman
- Lang Hancock (1909-1992), iron ore mining developer
- Harriet Hooton (1875–1960), women's activist and editor
- John Hughes, businessman
- Rose Porteous, widow of Lang Hancock
- Ralph Sarich, orbital engine and orbital combustion process inventor
- Sir Albert Wolff (1899–1977), chief justice and lieutenant-governor of Western Australia
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mosman Park (WA) (LGA)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- "News and Notes". The West Australian. 2 August 1890. p. 3. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "Heritage Images". Town of Mosman Park. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- Fraser, Charles (1906). The Visit of Charles Fraser (the Colonial Botanist of New South Wales) to the Swan River in 1827. Perth, WA: J.G. Hay. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
- "Perth's Birthday". The West Australian. Perth, WA. 12 August 1944. p. 2. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
- "Anchorage in Gage's Roads". The Inquirer. Perth, WA. 10 May 1843. p. 3. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- "Fremantle Municipal Council". The Inquirer and Commercial News. Perth, WA. 16 October 1889. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- "G.M.-Holden Plans Big Programme". The West Australian. 28 August 1951. p. 1. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "Two Accidents at Factory". The West Australian. 11 January 1949. p. 9. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "Accidental Fatal Injury". The West Australian. 16 May 1947. p. 19. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "Workers' Effort - Loan Representatives' Visits". The West Australian. 2 October 1945. p. 4. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "Swan Brand Brushware". The West Australian. 2 October 1934. p. 12. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- 2006 StreetSmart directory, Department of Lands and Surveys, Perth.
- "Fremantle Line" (PDF). Perth, WA: Transperth. 21 July 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
- "CircleRoute timetable" (PDF). Perth, WA: Transperth. February 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
- "Bus Timetable 32" (PDF). Perth, WA: Transperth. 21 July 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
- "Bus Timetable 31" (PDF). Perth, WA: Transperth. 2 February 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
- "John Curtin - Member for Fremantle". John Curtin Prime Ministerial Library. Curtin University. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
- "Hon. Colin James Barnett MLA". Member list. Perth, WA: Parliament of Western Australia. 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
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