Port of Brisbane is located in the lower reaches of the Brisbane River on Fisherman Island, an artificial island reclaimed from the smaller Fisherman Islands group at the mouth of the river, adjacent to Brisbane Airport. It currently is the third busiest port in Australia and the nation's fastest growing container port. It is the endpoint of the main shipping channel across Moreton Bay which extends 90 kilometres (56 mi) north to Mooloolaba and is dredged to maintain a depth of 14 metres (46 ft) at the lowest tide.
The port is managed by the Port of Brisbane Pty Ltd (PBPL) under a 99-year lease from the Queensland Government. The Port of Brisbane has 29 operating berths including nine deep-water container berths and three deep-water bulk berths as well as 17 bulk and general cargo berths. In total the port facilitates more than 2,600 ships each year and transports more than 28 million tonnes of cargo each year.
As at March 2020, there are two cruise ship wharves for Brisbane, with differing facilities. Portside Wharf at Hamilton was completed in 2006 and is an international standard facility for cruise liners, offering restaurants, coffee shops, gift shops, and other facilities. However, due to the height restrictions of the Gateway Bridge and length restriction of 270 metres (890 ft) that far upstream, the larger ocean-going cruise liners must dock further down the river at the more industrial Multi User Terminal at the Port of Brisbane. In late 2020 the new will open on the northern bank of the Brisbane River in the suburb of Pinkenba opposite the port. The new cruise terminal is located at next to the Luggage Point Sewage Treatment Plant (which has been renamed the Luggage Point Resource Recovery Centre). The new terminal will be able to accommodate the largest cruise vessels in the world. It will be operated by the port but will not be part of the suburb of Port of Brisbane.
The port accommodates a visitors centre and in 2005 a shorebird roost was constructed. The bird roost is the largest site built specifically for migratory shorebirds on the east coast of Australia.
Deposits of silt and sediment in the ports channels and berths have caused delays of up to five days in the delivery of cargo including oil supplies. This has occurred in 2011, 2013 and 2014. Millions of dollars is spent on dredging annually.
In 1980, the narrow gauge (1,067 mm / 3 ft 6 in) Fisherman Islands line was opened between the port and a junction near Lindum on the Cleveland line. This was converted to dual 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) / 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge in 1997 under the Keating Government's One Nation program.
|11||2012||350||containers||Hutchinson Ports Australia|
|12||2014||310||containers||Hutchinson Ports Australia|
The Port of Brisbane is currently under a large upgrade and extension spending A$50 million on infrastructure and a further A$100 million on equipment including over 25 automated straddle carriers owned by Patrick Corporation.
- "Wynnum Manly Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
- "Port of Brisbane (entry 47770)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "Queensland faces possibly worst ever introduced pest". The 7.30 Report. 5 March 2001. Archived from the original on 3 January 2005. Retrieved 28 April 2008.
- "Western – Metropolitan Rail Systems Coal Dust Monitoring Program: Pre-veneering monitoring period results" (PDF). Department of Science, Information Technology, Innovation and the Arts. 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- Bpa.net.au Archived 19 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Bpa.net.au. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
- "Brisbane International Cruise Terminal". Port of Brisbane. Archived from the original on 4 January 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- Tony Moore (5 December 2014). "Brisbane's oil supplies blocked by Moreton Bay silt problems". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 26 July 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- Philip Laird (2001). "Australia's gauge muddle and prospects". Back on Track: Rethinking Transport Policy in Australia and New Zealand. UNSW Press. p. 191. ISBN 0-86840-411-X. Retrieved 16 August 2008.
- "A Critique of the Dual Gauge Link to the Port of Brisbane". www.rag.org.au. Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
- "HPH to invest A$200 million in port of Brisbane". Hutchison Whampoa. 29 January 2008. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2010.