Landsborough is in the Sunshine Coast hinterland. It is situated north of the Glasshouse Mountains just off Steve Irwin Way, 82 kilometres (51 mi) north of Brisbane at the base of the southern end of the Blackall Range.
Landsborough is situated on the North Coast railway line from Brisbane and there are several services daily southbound to Brisbane and northbound to Nambour and Gympie. It is one of the main rail/bus interchanges for TransLink bus services to the Sunshine Coast.
Landsborough was named for the British-born explorer William Landsborough, who was the first European to cross Australia north to south. The earliest European settlers arrived in the area in 1871. Originally called Mellum Creek ("mellum" is an Aboriginal word for "volcano"), it dates from 1871 when Isaac Burgess erected a slab hut with bark roof as "port of call" for Cobb and Co coaches stopping for refreshments and a change of horses.
Mellum Creek Post Office opened on 23 January 1881. It was renamed Landsborough in 1890.
In the past Landsborough was one of the larger towns of the Sunshine Coast having a large logging industry.
In 1912, the town became the administrative centre for the Landsborough Shire after separating from the Caboolture Shire. Advertisements for the September 1927 auction of land in the Landsborough Township Estate emphasized the prosperity and fast-growing nature of the town. Landsborough Shire merged into the City of Caloundra in 1968.
The Landsborough School of Arts Memorial Hall was celebrated with a stump capping ceremony on 24 November 1923 involving Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Murrumba, Richard Warren. The hall was officially opened on 4 May 1924 by Queensland Governor, Matthew Nathan.
Landsborough has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Cribb Street: Landsborough Air Raid Shelter
- 6 Maleny Street: former Landsborough Shire Council Chambers
- Steve Irwin Way in Glenview: North Coast Roadside Rest Areas
Landsborough today is a popular tourism stop off due to the fact it is the first stop and is often regarded as the Gateway to the hinterland Tourist Trail. Landsborough today features parks and playgrounds, such as Pioneer park. There is a museum located in the former Landsborough Shire Council Chambers which contains a large number of historical artefacts from the local area. Landsborough's economy mostly derives from small businesses, with many cafés and small eateries.
The Landsborough Shire Museum houses artefacts from the pre-colonial and the early pioneer years from the area of the former Landsborough shire and the modern-day Caloundra City region. Of note are the artefacts belonging to explorer William Landsborough.
The Landsborough railway station provides access to Brisbane, Nambour and Gympie via train and is the major bus transport hub for the coastal regions of the Sunshine Coast.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Landsborough (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
- "Landsborough - town in Sunshine Coast Region (entry 18919)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- "Landsborough - locality in Sunshine Coast Region (entry 48727)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) (2000). Heritage Trails of the Great South East. State of Queensland. pp. 129–130. ISBN 0-7345-1008-X.
- Landsborough Entrypoint Archived 19 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine 8 December 2006
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Historical Landsborough". Landsborough Area Community Association Incorporated. Archived from the original on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "Advertising". The Telegraph (17, 071). Queensland, Australia. 20 August 1927. p. 20 (SECOND EDITION). Retrieved 29 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Landsborough Township Estate Isles, Love & Co., Auctioneers ; S. B. Ward, Surveyor". 1927. hdl:10462/deriv/253871. Cite journal requires
- "Landsborough School of Arts Memorial Hall". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "Closed Anglican Churches". Anglican Church South Queensland. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- "Parish profile" (PDF). The Anglican Parish of Caloundra-Glasshouse Country. pp. 3–4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Landsborough (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "Public Air Raid Shelter, Landsborough Railway Station (entry 602709)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- "Landsborough Shire Council Chambers (former) (entry 601915)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- "North Coast Roadside Rest Areas (entry 602698)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "Landsborough SS". 7 February 2013. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- "Landsborough Qld". highwaytraveller.com.au. Archived from the original on 28 March 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- "Landsborough Historical Museum". Archived from the original on 1 December 2005. Retrieved 28 November 2005.