Cambroon takes its name from the pastoral run of the same name, which was established in 1855 by J. D. MacTaggart. The name of the pastoral run is believed to be the name of an Aboriginal leader at the time of first contact.
In 1887, 16,000 acres (6,500 ha) of land were resumed from the Cambroon pastoral run for the establishment of small farms. The land was offered for selection on 17 April 1887.
In the 2011 census, Cambroon had a population of 373 people. The locality has a population density of around five persons per square kilometer. Almost all the people living in Cambroon speak English, and most people are married as well.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Cambroon (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- "Cambroon (entry 47856)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- "Early History". Kenilworth Museum. Archived from the original on 24 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "Proclamations under the New Land Acts". The Brisbane Courier. Queensland, Australia. 2 March 1877. p. 3. Retrieved 20 February 2020 – via Trove.
- Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
- "Agency ID 8926, Cambroon State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 8 June 2014.