Western Highway (Victoria)

The Western Highway is the Victorian part of the principal route linking the Australian cities of Melbourne and Adelaide with a length of approximately 314 kilometres (195 mi) of single carriageway then 156 kilometres (97 mi) of dual carriageway known as the Western Freeway. It is a part of the National Highway network and designated as National Highway A8 and M8. The western end continues in South Australia as the Dukes Highway, the next section of the Melbourne–Adelaide National Highway. The Western Freeway joins Melbourne’s freeway network via the Western Ring Road, in the middle western suburbs of Melbourne.

The Western Highway is the second busiest national highway in Australia, in terms of freight movements, with over five million tonnes annually. It provides the link between the eastern seaboard and South Australia and Western Australia. The towns along the way, including Ballarat, Ararat, Stawell and Horsham, are agricultural and manufacturing centres.

Plans are underway for the freeway to be extended west to Ararat, and eventually, to Stawell.

The Western Freeway subsumes and bypasses most sections of the older Western Highway. Bypassed sections of the former Western Highway that remain are generally designated sequentially from C801 to C805, or Metropolitan Route 8 (within suburban Melbourne).

The Melbourne section of the Western Highway is shown in the 1969 Melbourne Transportation Plan as part of the F12 Freeway corridor.


A view of the Western Freeway (M8) at Nerrina looking west toward Doodts Road, Ballarat North and Invermay from the Nerrina pedestrian overpass.

The Western Highway begins at the Victorian–South Australian border, east of Bordertown. It is mainly a high quality single carriageway from there to just outside the Melbourne side of Beaufort, with adequate numbers of overtaking lanes. The highway passes through several agricultural centres, for example Horsham, Victoria.

Just east of Beaufort, the Western Highway becomes the Western Freeway, adopting freeway standards with two lanes running each way, and begins bypassing most of the towns the old alignment of the highway used to serve.

The newest sections of freeway standard dual carriageway opened on 6 March 2015 for the Ballarat to Beaufort section (running 25 kilometres (16 mi) in length), and on 17 April 2016 for the Beaufort to Buangor section (running 21 kilometres (13 mi) in length). The first section runs between the end of the Ballarat bypass between a new flyover/interchange with the C805 (Avenue of Remembrance, Burrumbeet) to just outside the eastern side Beaufort (including a bypass of Trawalla) providing 156 kilometres (97 mi) of freeway standard road between Melbourne and Beaufort. The second section runs between just outside the western side of Beaufort to just after the Buangor bypass, where it becomes a single carriageway again running all the way to Ararat, providing a further 21 kilometres (13 mi) of freeway standard road for between Beaufort and just passed Buangor.

Plans are underway for the end of this freeway to be extended from the current terminus just after the Buangor bypass westward towards and eventually to Stawell.

The dual carriageway continues towards Melbourne bypassing Ballarat, Ballan, Bacchus Marsh, Melton and Rockbank to the Western Ring Road. Major intersecting roads are grade-separated, however there remain minor intersections at-grade. Cycling is permitted on the sealed shoulder along most of the freeway.

Upgrades and realignments

Timeline of duplication

  • 1964/65 – Ballarat East. 2.4 miles (3.9 km) of duplicate carriageway completed east of Ballarat. No exact date given.[1] Now part of Route C805 leading from the Western Freeway into Ballarat from the east.
  • 1966/67 – Deer Park to Rockbank. 7.12 miles (11.46 km) of dual carriageways completed during financial year 1966/67.[2] Part of this is now Ballarat Road, State Route 8 through Deer Park and Caroline Springs.
  • 1966/67 – Dual carriageways from Djerriwarrh Creek to Coimadai Creek completed during financial year 1966/67.[2] Now part of Bacchus Marsh Road between Melton and Bacchus Marsh.
  • 1966/67 – Dual carriageways 1.83 miles (2.95 km) east of Pykes Creek Reservoir completed during financial year 1966/67.[2]
  • 1967/68 – Rockbank to Melton East. Construction completed of over 3 miles (4.8 km) of dual carriageways during financial year 1967/68.[3]
  • 1969 – Pykes Creek Reservoir. The ‘Western By-pass Road’ is completed, running four miles east and west of Pykes Creek Reservoir.[4]
  • 1972 – Bacchus Marsh bypass. 5.88 miles (9.46 km) opened 30 June 1972, by the Hon. Sir Henry Bolte, GCMG, MP, at a cost of A$4.3m.[5]
  • 1972 – Gordon section. 5.74 miles (9.24 km) opened 5 May 1972, by the Board’s chairman, Mr R E V Donaldson, at a cost of A$2.2m.[5]
  • 1973 – Pentland Hills to Myrniong section. 1 mile (1.6 km) completed from Korkuperrimul Creek to the Lion Park interchange, early 1973.[6]
  • 1974 – Pentland Hills section. 4.8 kilometres (3.0 mi) ‘west of Bacchus Marsh’ opened 1974.[7]
  • 1975 – Myrniong bypass opened 3 October 1975, by the Minister for Transport, the Hon E R Meagher, CBE, ED, at a cost of A$3.28m. The 5.9 kilometres (3.7 mi) bypass of Myrniong completed ’80 km of dual carriageways between Melbourne and Ballarat’.[8]
  • 1978 – Ballan bypass. 8.4 kilometres (5.2 mi) opened 15 June 1978, by the Hon J A Rafferty, Minister for Transport, at a cost of A$9.8m.[9]
  • 1983 – Wallace and Bungaree bypass opened 9 March 1983, by the Premier of Victoria, the Hon. John Cain MP. The 11.9 kilometres (7.4 mi) bypass cost A$23.6m.[10]
  • 1987 – Melton bypass. The ‘freeway work’ was opened to traffic on 7 July 1987, with the remainder of works expected to be completed by April 1988. The 8.8 kilometres (5.5 mi) bypass cost A$44.2m.[11][12]
  • 1989 – 5.6 km bypass of Dimboola opened in May.[13]
  • 1993 – Ballarat bypass. The first stage, a single carriageway section from Woodmans Hill to the Midland Highway, is opened in December 1993, at a cost of A$62m.[14]
  • 1994 – Ballarat bypass. The second stage of the initial 26 kilometres (16 mi) single carriageway by-pass is opened to traffic in December 1994.[15]
  • 1995 – Ballarat bypass. Second carriageway opened to traffic between Woodmans Hill and Gillies Street in December 1995, at a cost of A$25m.[16]
  • 1998 – Ballarat bypass. The final section opened in February 1998, The final stage featured the duplication of the original single carriageway bypass from Gillies Street to the Sunraysia Highway.[17]
  • 2001 – The new elevated Hopkins Road Interchange was opened to traffic on 12 July 2001, at a cost of $13.1 million.[18] Before the construction of the new interchange, the intersection of Hopkins Road (Melton-Werribee Road) with the Western Freeway at Rockbank was improved using Black Spot Program funds in 1989 and 1991, but a long term solution to the congestion and crashes at this location was the construction of an elevated interchange.[19]
  • 2009 – Deer Park bypass opened to traffic on 5 April 2009, at a cost of A$331m, jointly funded by the state and federal governments. In conjunction with these works, the new Leakes Road interchange at Rockbank was opened in August 2008.[20] This provided a freeway interchange onto the Western Ring Road.
  • 2011 – Anthony’s Cutting realignment. A new 5-kilometre (3.1 mi) realignment constructed to the south of the previous section of highway, bypassing the steep grades and tight curves of the old alignment between Melton and Bacchus Marsh. The A$200m project was ‘mostly’ open to traffic in June 2011.[21]
  • 2013 – Ballarat to Burrumbeet. 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) duplication opened to traffic 31 January 2013.[22]
  • 2015 – Burrumbeet to Beaufort opened to traffic on 18 February 2015 adding a further 26 kilometres (16 mi) of freeway standard dual carriageway and includes a bypass of Trawalla however the highway still passes through both Burrumbeet (as dual carriageway) and Beaufort (as single carriageway).[23]
  • 2016 – Beaufort to Buangor opened to traffic in April 2016 adding a futrther 21 kilometres (13 mi) of freeway standard dual carriageway to the existing freeway, which includes the Buangor bypass.

Deer Park Bypass

Eastbound on the Deer Park Bypass approaching the Western Ring Road interchange

The Deer Park Bypass opened on 5 April 2009 in the western suburbs of Melbourne. The freeway links the Western Freeway at Ravenhall, and the Western Ring Road in Derrimut. This 9.3 kilometre freeway was estimated to cost A$333 million which also includes a grade separated interchange or a “full diamond” at Leakes Road in Rockbank.

The purpose of the freeway bypass is to move traffic off Ballarat Road, which leads to the Western Ring Road. Due to the strong population growth of about 8.7 per cent and subdivision in Deer Park and Sunshine, the surrounding suburbs and the seven traffic signals between the Western Ring Road and the start of the Western Freeway, substantial long and very frustrating delays were created for the 70,000 vehicles per day with 10 per cent of this consisting of heavy vehicles.

The bypass had been proposed since the completion of the Western Ring Road, the project stalled due to funding quarrels between the Federal and State Governments. In 2004, the Federal government announced that the Deer Park Bypass would be built as part of a $1.4 billion project “package grant” to Victoria. It was anticipated that more than 15 min of travel time would be saved when travelling through Deer Park, via Ballarat Road.

Construction started on the Deer Park bypass in August 2006, work being carried out as a joint venture by Leighton Contractors and VicRoads, in construction with two contracts. The first stage opened in December 2007.[24]

It was announced on 4 March 2009 that the Deer Park Bypass would open in early April 2009, with the new freeway link on track to open more than eight months ahead of schedule.

On that day, Roads and Ports Minister Tim Pallas and Federal Member for Gorton Brendan O’Connor MP inspected works from the new bridge over the Ring Road at Sunshine West and Tim Pallas announced that the $331 million Deer Park Bypass would open to the public on Sunday 5 April 2009.[25]

Anthony’s Cutting Realignment

Alignment of the road over Djerriwarrh Creek, before the opening of the Anthony’s Cutting Realignment

The section of road through Anthony’s Cutting between Bacchus Marsh and Melton was one of the most dangerous sections of the route, and was not of modern freeway standard. The steep hills and tight curves along the 5 kilometre long stretch of road resulted in 21 serious crashes in the five years to 2010.[26] More than 29,000 vehicles, including more than 4000 freight vehicles, travel the highway section daily.[27] The new route opened to traffic on 27 June 2011, nine months ahead of schedule.[28]

The project included:[29]

  • Extension of Woolpack Road north from Bacchus Marsh Road to a new interchange on the Western Freeway, including a bridge over the Lerderderg River.
  • An overpass carrying Bulmans Road over the existing Western Freeway.
  • An overpass taking Hopetoun Park Road across the new freeway, with Melbourne-bound on and off ramps.
  • Freeway bridges spanning , and Cowans Road / Pyrites Creek.

The original project scope included a diamond interchange at Bulmans Road that has not been built, while the ramps at Hopetoun Park Road were not included but was later added.[30] The extension of Woolpack Road has been delayed due to controversy over need to clear trees in the heritage listed Avenue of Honour at Bacchus Marsh.[31]

Realignment of the road through this section had been proposed far back as 2001, when a group of 10 local councils said the realignment could cost just $65 million to build.[32] By 2006 the cost was estimated to be $85 million, with federal Roads Minister Jim Lloyd stating that the project would receive serious consideration for funding in the 2009 AusLink document, subject to support from the State Government.[33] Construction commenced in February 2010, funded by $160 million from the Australian Government and $40 million from the Victorian Government.[34]

Armstrong deviation

In 2001 work started on a 4.2 kilometre long deviation at Armstrong (on the Adelaide side of Ararat), involving 200,000 cubic metres of earthworks and a new bridge over the main Melbourne–Adelaide railway. Previously high vehicles could not travel under the rail overpass and were forced to detour around it, in addition the poor road conditions led to a number of accidents and fatalities.[35] Costing $6.1 million the work was completed by 2003.[36]

Future upgrades

There are still several at-grade intersections on the “freeway”, particularly in the areas near Rockbank and at Woodmans Hill just to the east of Ballarat.

  • Proposed upgrade and safety improvements Rockbank to Melton, to be funded by Auslink 2 (2009–2014)[1].
  • Proposed extension west from the current freeway terminus in the Melbourne side of Beaufort west through to Ararat and eventually to Stawell, also part of Auslink 2. Beaufort to Buangor was completed in April 2016. Buangor Bypass completed in mid-2016, and Buangor to Ararat is expected to start in early 2017.[23]

Duplication of the Western Highway between Ballarat and Stawell was proposed to be completed between 2009 and 2014, to be funded by Auslink 2.[37] At the end of 2016, parts of this are still in early planning, including the bypasses at Beaufort and Ararat.[38]

The clearing of wide swathes of the ancient red gums by Vic Roads near Beaufort has resulted in community angst and public meetings are being held. Near Buangor, 74 km west of Ballarat, two women chained themselves to a red gum on 16 March 2015 for 4½ hours to draw attention to the issue. Mrs Isabel Mackenzie, a long-term resident of the area, said she was concerned at the environmental impact of trees that are hundreds of years old. Helen Lewers, said that VicRoads should reroute the highway between Buangor and Stawell to preserve the native roadside vegetation.[39]

Towns & Suburbs

Towns along the freeway include:

Suburbs along the freeway include :

Exits and major intersections

LGA Location[40] km[40][41] mi Destinations Notes
South Australia – Victoria state border 439 273 South Australia – Victoria state border Continues in South Australia as the Dukes Highway
West Wimmera Kaniva 414 257 Melbourne–Adelaide railway
412 256 Kaniva-Edenhope Road (C208) – Edenhope
Hindmarsh Nhill 376 234 Nhill-Harrow Road (C206) – Harrow
374 232 Nhill-Yanac Road (C225) –
373 232 Nhill-Netherby Road (C224) – Netherby
372 231 Nhill-Jeparit Road (C223) – Jeparit
Dimboola 342 213 Wimmera River
338 210 Dimboola-Rainbow Road (C227) – Jeparit, Rainbow, Dimboola C227 is the road through Dimboola, highway uses bypass
338 210 Melbourne–Adelaide railway
335 208 Borung Highway (C234) – Donald
334 208 Horsham Road (C227) – Dimboola C227 is the road through Dimboola, highway uses bypass
Horsham 326 203 Melbourne–Adelaide railway
Horsham 300 190 Blue Ribbon Road (C231) –
/ Henty Highway (B200/B240) – Warracknabeal, St Arnaud, Mildura Duplex with A200 for 3km and B240 for 400m
299 186 Wimmera Highway (B240) – Edenhope, Naracoorte
298 185 Wimmera River
Horsham-Lubeck Road (C215) – ,
297 185 Henty Highway (A200) – Hamilton, Portland Duplex with A200 through Horsham
286 178 Ballyglunin North Road (C215)
283 176 Northern Grampians Road (C222) – Halls Gap
Northern Grampians 246 153 Stawell-Warracknabeal Road (B210) – Warracknabeal
Stawell 235 146 Grampians Road (C216)– Halls Gap
234 145 (C221) – Pomonal, Avoca
231 144 London Road (to Donald–Stawell Road) (C238) – Donald
Great Western 223 139 Melbourne–Adelaide railway
Ararat Ararat 205 127 Pyrenees Highway (B180)
203 126 Ararat-Halls Gap Road (C222)
Melbourne–Adelaide railway level crossing
Buangor 188 117 Melbourne–Adelaide railway
Pyrenees Beaufort 163 101 Melbourne–Adelaide railway
161 100 Beaufort-Lexton Road / Skipton Road (C172)
Ballarat Burrumbeet 134 83 Remembrance Drive interchange (C805)
Windermere 133 83 Melbourne–Adelaide railway
Miners Rest 129 80 Sunraysia Highway (B220) – Avoca, Mildura Western Freeway (M8) east, Western Highway (A8) west
Miners Rest, Mitchell Park 127 79 Ballarat–Maryborough Road (C287) – Ballarat, Maryborough
Wendouree, Mount Rowan 125 78 Gillies Road (C307) – Wendouree, Clunes westbound exit / eastbound entry only
123 76 Midland Highway (A300) – Bendigo, Geelong
Brown Hill 117 73 Ballarat–Daylesford Road (C292) – Brown Hill, Daylesford
Warrenheip, Brown Hill 115 71 Victoria Street/Old Western Highway (C805) – Ballarat
114 71 Clarks Road south side only
Warrenheip 112 70 Brewery Tap Road / Old Melbourne Road – , Dunnstown Not grade separated
111 69 Greene Road south side only, left in/left out, at grade
110 68 Richards Road north side only, left in/left out, at grade
Moorabool Leigh Creek 108 67 Forbes Road / Black Swamp Road At-grade
107 66 Bungaree–Wallace Road – Bungaree At-grade, south side only
Bungaree, Springbank 97 60 Ormond Road – Springbank, Bungaree–Wallace Road (C291) – Wallace, Creswick
Gordon 92 57 Brougham Street / Abbington Park Road – Gordon Grade separated
Ballan 82 51 Ballan–Daylesford Road (C141) – Ballan, Daylesford
79 49 BP Service Centre
77 48 Old Melbourne Road (C803) – Ballan
Myrniong 71 44 Greendale–Myrniong Road (C318) – Kyneton
Myrniong, 65 40 Pentland Hills Road –
62 39 Mortons Road / Pentland Hills Road – Melbourne side ramps only
Darley, Bacchus Marsh 60 37 Bacchus Marsh Road (C802) – Bacchus Marsh Adelaide side only
Bacchus Marsh 58 36 Bacchus Marsh–Gisborne Road (C704) – Geelong, Gisborne
Lerderderg River
53 33 Bacchus Marsh Road (C802) – Bacchus Marsh exits only
Hopetoun Park 51 32 Hopetoun Park Road Melbourne side only
Melton Brookfield, Melton, Melton West, Melton South 45 28 Coburns Road (C801) – Exford, Melton
Melton, Melton South 42 26 Ferris Road, Melton Highway (C754/C801) – Melton, Gisborne, Taylors Lakes, Melton South
Rockbank 40 25 Mount Cottrell Road – Mount Cottrell at-grade
38 24 Paynes Road at-grade
36 22 Leakes Road – Rockbank, Plumpton
33 21 Troups Road North At grade
31 19 Hopkins Road (C702) – Werribee, Diggers Rest
Ravenhall 28 17 Ballarat Road (State Route 8) – Deer Park, Sunshine Melbourne side only
27 17 Christies Road – Caroline Springs Melbourne side only
Brimbank Derrimut 21 13 Robinsons Road – Tarneit, Burnside
19 12 Western Ring Road (M80) – Greensborough, Seymour, Sydney, airport
Derrimut, Sunshine West 18 11 continues as Western Ring Road (M80) – Melbourne, Geelong
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also


  1. ^ Country Roads Board Victoria. Fifty-Second Annual Report: for the year ended 30 June 1965, Melbourne, Victoria: Government Printer, 1965. p. 16
  2. ^ a b c Country Roads Board Victoria. Fifty-Fourth Annual Report: for the year ended 30 June 1967, Burwood, Victoria: Brown, Prior, Anderson, 1968. p. 35
  3. ^ Country Roads Board Victoria. Fifth Annual Report: for the year ended 30 June 1968, Burwood, Victoria: Brown, Prior, Anderson, 1969. p. 35
  4. ^ Country Roads Board Victoria. Fifty-Sixth Annual Report: for the year ended 30 June 1969, Burwood, Victoria: Brown, Prior, Anderson, 1970. p. 6
  5. ^ a b Country Roads Board Victoria. Fifty-Ninth Report: for the year ended 30 June 1972, Burwood, Victoria: Brown, Prior, Anderson, 1972. p. 7
  6. ^ Country Roads Board Victoria. Sixtieth Annual Report: for the year ended 30 June 1973, Burwood, Victoria: Brown, Prior, Anderson, 1973. p. 5
  7. ^ Country Roads Board Victoria. Sixty-First Annual Report: for the year ended 30 June 1974, Burwood, Victoria: Brown, Prior, Anderson, 1974. p. 4
  8. ^ Country Roads Board Victoria. Sixty-Third Annual Report: for the year ended 30 June 1976, Burwood, Victoria: Brown, Prior, Anderson, 1976
  9. ^ Country Roads Board Victoria. Sixty-Fifth Annual Report: for the year ended 30 June 1978, Burwood, Victoria: Brown, Prior, Anderson, 1978. p. 9
  10. ^ Country Roads Board Victoria. Activity Report 1982/83, Kew, Victoria: Country Roads Board Victoria, 1983. p. 8
  11. ^ Road Construction Authority Victoria. Annual Report 1986-87, Kew, Victoria: Road Construction Authority, Victoria, 1987. p. 64
  12. ^ Road Construction Authority Victoria. Annual Report 1987-88
  13. ^ “Ministry of Transport Annual Report 1988–1989” (PDF). Victoria Transport. p. 12. ISSN 0816-1143. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  14. ^ VicRoads. VicRoads Annual Report 1993-94, Kew, Victoria: VicRoads, 1994, p. 17
  15. ^ VicRoads. VicRoads Annual Report 1994-95, Kew, Victoria: VicRoads, 1995, p. 10
  16. ^ VicRoads. VicRoads Annual Report 1995-56, Kew, Victoria: VicRoads, 1996, p. 15
  17. ^ VicRoads. VicRoads Annual Report 1997-98, Kew, Victoria: VicRoads, 1998, p. 32
  18. ^ Vic Roads 2001
  19. ^ BUDGET 2001-2002 Media Release. John Anderson, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Transport and Regional Services.
  20. ^ VicRoads. VicRoads Annual Report 2008-09, Kew, Victoria: VicRoads, 2009, p. 42
  21. ^ VicRoads. VicRoads Annual Report 2010-11, Kew, Victoria: VicRoads, 2011, p. 10
  22. ^ VicRoads. Annual Report 2012-13, Kew, Victoria: VicRoads, 2013, p. 20
  23. ^ a b “Western Highway upgrades”. VicRoads. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  24. ^ First milestone reached on the Deer Park Bypass
  25. ^ Media Release – Deer Park ByPass to open in early April 2009
  26. ^ “$200 Million Anthony’s Cutting Project Underway”. Media release issued by the Hon Kevin Rudd MP, Prime Minister; Tim Pallas, Victorian Roads Minister; and Catherine King, Member for Ballarat. 18 February 2010. Archived from the original on 1 June 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  27. ^ “Anthony’s Cutting to open early”. The Courier. 24 June 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  28. ^ “Anthony’s Cutting realignment open to traffic”. Melton Leader. 27 June 2011. Archived from the original on 2 July 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  29. ^ “Project Overview”. Western Highway Realignment Project. Archived from the original on 22 April 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  30. ^ “Angry Hopetoun Park residents petition MP”. Melton Leader. 3 October 2009. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  31. ^ Carolyn Webb (13 August 2010). “Heritage listing puts project on hold”. The Age. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  32. ^ MARIZA FIAMENGO (31 October 2001). “Campaign unveiled for safe highway”. The Courier. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  33. ^ “Positive response to highway upgrade plan”. The Courier. 31 July 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  34. ^ “Western Highway – Realignment of Anthonys Cutting between Melton and Bacchus Marsh”. nationbuildingprogram.gov.au. 18 May 2011. Archived from the original on 1 June 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  35. ^ “Works to start on Armstrong deviation”. Stawell Times News. www.stawelltimes.com.au. 2 November 2001. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
  36. ^ John Anderson (14 May 2002). “Federal Government Keeps Victoria Moving”. Budget Media Releases 2002–03. www.infrastructure.gov.au. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
  37. ^ “Western Highway Duplication – Ballarat to Stawell” (PDF). Department of Transport, State Government of Victoria, Australia. p. 58. Archived from the original (pdf) on 22 July 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  38. ^ “Beaufort Bypass”. Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning, Government of Victoria. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  39. ^ Hatch, Patrick (16 March 2015). “Grandmother, 91 chains herself to tree in Victoria’s west to protest roadwork”. The Age. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  40. ^ a b Google (23 November 2016). “Western Highway: Border to Melbourne” (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  41. ^ Google (25 December 2016). “Western Highway (Victoria)” (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 25 December 2016.