Maryborough station was built in 1874

Maryborough (/ˈmɛəribərə/)[2] is a town in Victoria, Australia, located on the Pyrenees Highway, 58 kilometres (36 mi) north of Ballarat, 168 kilometres (104 mi) north-west of Melbourne, in the Shire of Central Goldfields. At the 2016 census, Maryborough had a population of 7,921.


The area was originally inhabited by the Dja Dja Wurrung people. The first Europeans to settle were the Simson brothers, who established a sheep station, known as Charlotte Plains, in 1840. Gold was discovered at White Hill, 4 kilometres north of Maryborough, in 1854, leading to prospectors rushing to the area. At its peak Maryborough is reported to have had a population of up to 50,000 although local historian Betty Osborn, of Maryborough-Midlands Historical Society inc., says it was closer to 30,000.

The town site was surveyed in 1854, with a police camp, Methodist church, and hospital amongst the first infrastructure. The Post Office opened on 19 October 1854.[3]

The settlement was originally known as Simsons, but later changed to Maryborough by the gold commissioner James Daly, after his Irish birthplace. One of Victoria's earliest newspapers, The Maryborough Advertiser, was established in 1854. Land sales commenced in 1856, and Maryborough became the administrative and commercial centre of the area. The town became a borough in 1857.

The last gold mine in Maryborough closed in 1918. In 1924 the Maryborough Knitting Mills opened, which established the town as a centre for the wool industry. Maryborough became a city in 1961.


Maryborough enjoys a temperate climate with four distinct seasons and is typically dry and mild. The mean minimum January temperature 12.9 °C (55.2 °F) with the maximum a balmy 28.8 °C (83.8 °F), however temperatures above 35 °C (95 °F) are commonly recorded during the summer months. The highest temperature ever recorded was 45.4 °C (113.7 °F) on 7 February 2009. The mean minimum temperature in July is 3.4 °C (38.1 °F), with and average maximum of 12.2 °C (54.0 °F). The lowest ever recorded minimum in the city was −4.6 °C (23.7 °F) on 21 July 1982. Although the city experiences little snow due to its low elevation, frosts are common during the colder winter months.[4]

The city averages 528.1 millimetres (20.8 in) rainfall annually, with a slightly more rainfall falling in the second half of the year, generally only experienced in short bursts of showers, rather than extended periods of rainfall. The dryness of the area, due to poor topographical features places significant pressure on water reserves. Maryborough ended of one of the longest droughts on record during the 2010/2011 summer when it experience some of the highest rainfall on recorded which caused flooding throughout the local area. The city is currently on permanent water restrictions.

Climate data for Maryborough, Victoria
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.8
Average high °C (°F) 28.8
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.9
Average low °C (°F) 12.9
Record low °C (°F) 3.3
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31.1
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2mm) 4.6 4.3 5.4 7.0 10.1 12.6 14.0 14.0 11.7 10.0 7.4 6.2 107.3
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 36 37 41 52 64 71 70 63 55 46 41 37 51
Source: [5]


Maryborough has been threatened by bushfires on multiple occasions, most notably in January 1985 when a large fire devastated the surrounding area resulting in 3 deaths and 180 homes lost.[6]



According to the 2016 census, there are 7,921 people that reside in Maryborough. Like many regional centres, a high percentage of the population (83.1%) were born in Australia, with England (3.2%), New Zealand (0.7%) and Netherlands (0.5%) notable countries of birth outside Australia.

Technicians, trade workers and labourers (34.4%) make up the bulk of the workforce with Professionals, Sales Workers and Managers contributing to large portions of the city's employment base.

Just over 19% of the population describe themselves as Anglican, with 33.6% of the population claiming no religious affiliation. Catholics, Presbyterians, Salvation Army and Baptists also contribute to the Christian majority of the population.[7]


Maryborough has three schools:

  • Highview College
  • Maryborough Education Centre Years Prep–12
  • St Augustine's Primary School Grades Prep–6


The town hosts a market on the first Sunday of each month, a Highland Gathering on New Year's Day (which has been held since 1857), the Golden Wattle Festival in August or September and the Australasian Goldpanning Championships in October or November.

Maryborough also plays host to the RACV Energy Breakthrough in which thousands of students, teachers, parents and spectators from around Australia come to the town to witness a Human Powered Vehicle race where teams can complete up to 888 kilometres (552 mi) in 24 hours.


Maryborough has a number of community bands including the Maryborough City Brass Band, the Maryborough Big Band, the Maryborough and District Pipe Band and the well-known Maryborough Traditional Jazz Ensemble.


The Maryborough Advertiser is the local newspaper in the Central Goldfields region. The Maryborough Advertiser circulates to over 4000 homes throughout the region. The 'Addy' as it's known locally, employs 13 local people. It is published every Tuesday and Friday. In 2015–2016 the Maryborough and District Advertiser celebrated 160 years as the printed voice of the local community.

In early February 2007 transmission of Goldfields FM 99.1 commenced.[8]

Maryborough receives all the major free-to-air television stations (ABC, Prime7, WIN, SC10 and SBS), as well as all new digital channels (ABC2, ABC3, ABC News 24, SBS2, One HD, GO!, 7Two, eleven, 7Mate and gem). Prime7 and WIN are simply the regional affiliates of Channels Seven and Nine, and re-broadcast their network signals. There are slight differences however, as both Prime7 and WIN broadcast their own local news bulletins from the Bendigo or Ballarat stations. Both stations also make sure to watermark everything that airs with their own logos — at a larger scale than the Seven and Nine logos. The pay television service Austar is also available to the residents of Maryborough.


The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the major Bendigo Football League[9] and another two other teams, Maryborough Rovers and Royal Park, competing in the minor Maryborough Castlemaine District Football League.

Maryborough has a soccer club with local teams competing in Under 9, Under 13, and Under 17 competitions, and a senior team that competes in the Ballarat & District Soccer Association.[10] There are also both social and competitive Futsal competitions held throughout the year.

Maryborough Harness Racing Club conducts regular meetings at its racetrack located at nearby Carisbrook.[11]

Golfers play at the course of the Maryborough Golf Club on Park Road.[12]

There are three cricket clubs in Maryborough. The Colts Phelans Cricket Club, the M.K.M. Cricket Club, and the Maryborough Cricket all compete in the Maryborough District Cricket Association.

Maryborough, after years of having a strong competition in grass hockey, folded in 2013, leaving them with only the one team competing in the B women level in the Hockey Central Vic in Bendigo. Maryborough were premiers 2011 and 2012.

In basketball, the Maryborough Blazers compete in the Country Basketball League North East league, with a team in both the men's and women's competitions. Australian NBA athlete, Matthew Dellavedova who currently plays for the Cleveland Cavaliers, grew up in Maryborough.

Notable people


The cemetery is located at Wright Street Maryborough Vic 3465 ( Coordinates 37°03′33″S 143°45′20″E / 37.0592619°S 143.755627°E / -37.0592619; 143.755627 ) Information on the interments,[13] with more details – here.[14][15]



Maryborough is connected to both Ararat and Elphinstone via the Pyrenees Highway, with connections to the capital Melbourne and Northern Victoria and beyond.

Maryborough station is located on the Mildura railway line. In 2007 the station underwent a $1.2 million upgrade to conduct vital repairs to the historic bell tower, clock and roof which was built in 1890.

In 1895 American writer Mark Twain visited the town and remarked about the station upon his visit.

Don't you overlook that Maryborough station, if you take an interest in governmental curiosities. Why, you can put the whole population of Maryborough into it, and give them a sofa apiece, and have room for more. You haven't fifteen stations in America that are as big, and you probably haven't five that are half as fine. Why, it's perfectly elegant. And the clock! Everybody will show you the clock. There isn't a station in Europe that's got such a clock. It doesn't strike—and that's one mercy. It hasn't any bell; and as you'll have cause to remember, if you keep your reason, all Australia is simply bedamned with bells.

Daily train services to and from Ballarat, with onward connections to Melbourne's Southern Cross station commenced in 2010.[16]

The Avoca railway line is to be reopened (as of 2017) ultimately to connect Mildura with Portland with standard gauge track.[17][18][19]

The city also has coach and bus services that connect to various parts of the city with connections to Melbourne and other parts of Victoria.

The local library was fitted with a 30 kW solar system in late 2012.

See also

Further reading


  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: {{{name}}}". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
  4. ^ "Maryborough Weather Data". Retrieved 25 June 2009.
  5. ^ "Climate statistics for Maryborough". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  6. ^ "The Maryborough region bushfire : the story of the fire which devastated the Central Victorian region on Monday". Maryborough Advertiser. 14 January 1985. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  7. ^ "2016 Maryborough QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  8. ^ Goldfields FM Goldfields FM website
  9. ^ Full Points Footy, Maryborough, archived from the original on 11 October 2008, retrieved 25 July 2008
  10. ^
  11. ^ Australian Harness Racing, Maryborough, retrieved 11 May 2009
  12. ^ Golf Select, Maryborough, retrieved 11 May 2009
  13. ^ "Maryborough Cemetery 1". February 2009.
  14. ^ "Maryborough Cemetery 2". 2006.
  15. ^ "Maryborough Cemetery 3". 2017.
  16. ^ "Service Changes". Retrieved 10 November 2010.[dead link]
  17. ^ "Murray Basin Rail Project". Public Transport Victoria. 2013. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  18. ^ Hunt, Peter (26 May 2017). "Rail freight Victoria: Works to cause more delays for grain". The Weekly Times. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  19. ^ "Murray Basin rail project".

External links