East Gosford is a suburb of the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, located immediately southeast of Gosford's town centre. It is part of the Central Coast Council local government area, and occupies an area previously inhabited by the Guringai (Wanangine) People. East Gosford is named after the Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford, with whom New South Wales Governor George Gipps served in Canada. Archibald Acheson was appointed Governor of British North America in 1835, and conducted a royal commission into the state of affairs in Lower Canada.
The site where East Gosford now stands changed hands twice before being sold to Samuel Peek, a Sydney tea merchant. East Gosford was surveyed in 1841 and within a year, began to develop, when Peek began to sell land there. A wharf and several shops were built. After building a three story hotel, Peek and his family went to England in 1850. Returning in 1857, their ship wrecked near the Gap, and all family members perished. Many of his private papers were lost in the wreck, and he left no heirs, so many of his buildings decayed with bricks, doors and woodwork disappearing.
In 1858 a small sandstone church was built and was centrally located for parishioners from Erina, Gosford and Terrigal. However, when the railway was opened, more people began to live closer to Gosford. The church became unused and so it was decided to move the church, stone-by-stone to Mann Street, Gosford where it is still located.
Located on the eastern border of East Gosford is Erina Creek. Originally the creek provided access to the many ketches and steamers which came in and out on timber business. A man operating a punt carried people and their goods across Erina Creek. In 1884 the Government called tenders for the construction of an iron drawbridge with timber approaches. On 15 September, the tender of John Johnstone was accepted and work began. The bridge was completed in 1886, probably early in the year, at a cost of £3,695/15/-, which was considerably more than the average cost of £500 for country bridges. Part of the bridge rolled back towards the Gosford side by means of wheels guided on rails. This was achieved by men cranking the mechanism by hand. The bridge was opened seven times a day. The last of the steamers to go through was the Lone Pine in 1928. The old Punt Bridge, as it was called, was replaced by a modern bridge built by Beattie and Frost Pty Ltd of Gosford in 1962. It is still known as The Punt Bridge and forms part of the Central Coast Highway.
In 1913 two sisters, the Misses Marion and Aileen Macabe, opened a school for girls at Boomera, later known as Hinemoa Private Hospital in Masons Parade, Gosford. Some years later the expanded school was moved into Mona Vale built by William Rogers. Completed in 1889, this residence now forms part of St. Edward's College. The property on which Mona Vale was built was part of an original 20 acres (8 ha) crown grant to surveyor William Shone in 1844. Subsequent owners were Charles Venteman, James Harrison and William Tyrrell, Bishop of Newcastle. It was Tyrrell's death in 1879 which led to the subdivision and public auction of the property. A portion was bought by William Rogers for £490. He demolished an earlier house on the land when he built Mona Vale. The school took boarders and day students (the latter included a few small boys), and offered a very wide range of subjects. Extras such as Esperanto, elocution, dancing and music could be undertaken and popular sports were swimming, rowing and tennis. Gosford livery stable owner Mr Sam Ranyard assisted Miss Aileen Maccabe in giving horse-riding instructions and also supplied horses. In 1923 the MacCabe sisters were faced with overcrowding problems and moved their school to Lindfield, where it was known as Marshall Mount.
Negotiations began in 1951 between the Christian Brothers and Mr W. Rogers for the purchase of Mona Vale and adjacent land. St. Edward's College construction started in 1952 and Mona Vale was restored. In the 1970s the old house again underwent restoration and was used as a staffroom and administration centre for the college until 2005.
There are currently four schools in East Gosford. St. Patrick's, a Catholic school and Gosford East Public School both cater for boys and girls from kindergarten to year six. St. Edward's Christian Brothers College, a Catholic boys' school, and St. Joseph's Catholic College, a girls' school, both cater for students from years seven to twelve.
Gosford Regional Gallery and Gosford/Edogawa Commemorative Garden are located in East Gosford. The Commemorative Garden is a Japanese garden that was built as a gift to residents of Gosford City Council by the Ward of Edogawa, Tokyo, Japan. They were opened in September 1994.
In the past East Gosford had branches for all four major banks, however these had been progressively closed by 2000. As a result, the Chamber of Commerce sought to open a Bendigo Bank Community branch. The branch was opened on 5 August 2000. The branch has been credited with a turnaround in retail trading in East Gosford. The East Gosford Community Bank has now expanded and operates a second branch at Lisarow and an agency at Kincumber.
In 2004 a Pedestrian Bridge over York Street was opened to make it safer for children at East Gosford's four schools to cross. The road was identified in 2002 as the section most in need of a bridge in 2002 in a Roads and Traffic Authority report. The bridge cost $2.5 million to build and included two lifts for disabled access. It is funded by advertising on roadside panels throughout the Gosford local government area. The Government was criticised during construction as the opening appeared to be delayed so that it could be opened by the local state member. On 9 August 2006 the main road through East Gosford was designated the Central Coast Highway to guide motorists unfamiliar with the region.
According to the 2016 census of Population, 4,238 people in East Gosford.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.7% of the population.
- 72.3% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 4.8%.
- 82.5% of people spoke only English at home.
- The most common responses for religion were No Religion 27.2%, Catholic 25.5% and Anglican 18.3%.
- 1991 refers to the year East Gosford was officially recognised as a suburb. The area was referred to as East Gosford prior to this date.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: East Gosford (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
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- Swancott, 1984, p5
- Dundon, 1980, p84
- Dundon, 1980, p85
- Dundon, 1980, p92
- Dundon, 1980, p93
- "St Patricks Catholic Primary School". St Patricks Catholic Primary School. Archived from the original on 28 August 2007. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
- "GEPS Home Page". Gosford East Public School. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
- "St. Edward's College". St. Edward's College. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
- "Secondary Schools - Catholic Schools Office - Diocese of Broken Bay". Broken Bay Catholic Diocese. Archived from the original on 28 August 2007. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
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- Adams, Edgar (1 April 2006). "Community Bank upgrades, expands". Central Coast Business Review. Adams Business Publications Pty Ltd. p. 7.
- "Bridge is a step nearer". Central Coast Express Advocate. 6 October 2004. p. 20.
- "Council Meeting 02.04.2002 - Engineering Operations" (PDF). Gosford City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2007.
- "Brooks opposes `unsightly' bridge". Central Coast Express Advocate. 10 July 2002. p. 16.
- "Bridge kept closed". The Daily Telegraph. 13 December 2004. p. 8.
- "Central Coast Highway - Kariong to Doyalson". Roads and Traffic Authority. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
- "Polling Place - Gosford East". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 21 September 2007.
- "2007 State Election Results - State Electoral District of Gosford". Electoral Commission of New South Wales. Retrieved 21 September 2007.
- Dundon, Gwen (1980). The Third Old Gosford and District in Pictures. Gosford: Gosford Printing Pty Limited. ISBN 0-9596430-3-6. OCLC 12287633.
- Swancott, Charles (1984). Highlights of Central Coast History. Central Coast: Brisbane Water Historical Society. ISBN 0-9599028-0-5. OCLC 12287633.