Premier of Victoria

The Premier of Victoria is the head of government in the Australian state of Victoria. The Premier is appointed by the governor of Victoria, and is the leader of the political party able to secure a majority in the Legislative Assembly.[1]

Responsible government came to the colony of Victoria in 1855. Between 1856 and 1892, the head of the government was commonly called the premier or the prime minister, but neither title had any legal basis. The head of government always held another portfolio, usually Chief Secretary or Treasurer, for which they were paid a salary. The first head of government to hold the title of premier without holding another portfolio was William Shiels in 1892.

The incumbent premier of Victoria since the 2014 election is Daniel Andrews of the Australian Labor Party.

List of premiers of Victoria

No. Premier Portrait Party Term of office Days in office[2]
1 William Haines Williamhaines.jpg 30 November 1855 11 March 1857 468
2 John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy.jpg 11 March 1857 29 April 1857 50
(1) William Haines Williamhaines.jpg 29 April 1857 10 March 1858 316 (Total 784 for 2 terms)
(2) John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy.jpg 10 March 1858 27 October 1859 597 (Total 647 for 2 terms)
3 William Nicholson Williamnicholson.jpg 27 October 1859 26 November 1860 397
4 Richard Heales Richardheales.jpg 26 November 1860 14 November 1861 354
(2) John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy.jpg 14 November 1861 27 June 1863 591 (Total 1238 for 3 terms)
5 James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch.jpg 27 June 1863 6 May 1868 1776
6 Charles Sladen Charlessladen.jpg 6 May 1868 11 July 1868 67
(5) James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch.jpg 11 July 1868 20 September 1869 437 (Total 2213 for 2 terms)
7 John Alexander MacPherson Johnmacpherson.jpg 20 September 1869 9 April 1870 202
(5) James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch.jpg 9 April 1870 19 June 1871 437
8 Charles Gavan Duffy Charles Gavan Duffy 1846.JPG 19 June 1871 10 June 1872 358
9 James Francis Jamesfrancis.jpg 10 June 1872 31 July 1874 782
10 George Kerferd Georgekerferd.jpg 31 July 1874 7 August 1875 373
11 Graham Berry 12Grahamberry.jpg 7 August 1875 20 October 1875 75
(5) James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch.jpg 20 October 1875 21 May 1877 580
(11) Graham Berry 12Grahamberry.jpg 21 May 1877 5 March 1880 1020 (Total 1095 for 2 terms)
12 James Service Jamesservice.jpg 5 March 1880 3 August 1880 152
(11) Graham Berry 12Grahamberry.jpg 3 August 1880 9 July 1881 341 (Total 1436 for 3 terms)
13 Bryan O'Loghlen Bryanologhlen.jpg 9 July 1881 8 March 1883 608
(12) James Service Jamesservice.jpg 8 March 1883 18 February 1886 1079 (Total 1231 for 2 terms)
14 Duncan Gillies Duncangillies.jpg 18 February 1886 5 November 1890 1722
15 James Munro Jamesmunro.jpg 5 November 1890 16 February 1892 469
16 William Shiels 16Williamshiels.jpg 16 February 1892 23 January 1893 343
17 James Patterson 17Jamespatterson.jpg 23 January 1893 27 September 1894 613
18 George Turner Georgeturner.jpg 27 September 1894 5 December 1899 1896
19 Allan McLean 19Allanmclean.jpg 5 December 1899 19 November 1900 350
(18) George Turner Georgeturner.jpg 19 November 1900 12 February 1901 86 (Total 1982 for 2 terms)
20 Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock.jpg 12 February 1901 10 June 1902 484
21 William Irvine 21Williamirvine.jpg Reform 10 June 1902 16 February 1904 617
22 Thomas Bent 22Thomasbent.jpg Reform 16 February 1904 8 January 1909 1789
23 John Murray John Murray Premier.jpg Commonwealth Liberal 8 January 1909 18 May 1912 1227
24 William Watt 24Williamwatt.jpg Commonwealth Liberal 18 May 1912 9 December 1913 571
25 George Elmslie 25Georgeelmslie.jpg Labor 9 December 1913 22 December 1913 14
(24) William Watt 24Williamwatt.jpg Commonwealth Liberal 22 December 1913 18 June 1914 179 (Total 750 for 2 terms)
(20) Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock.jpg Commonwealth Liberal 18 June 1914 29 November 1917 1261
26 John Bowser 26Johnbowser.jpg Nationalist 29 November 1917 21 March 1918 113
27 Harry Lawson 27Harrylawson.jpg Nationalist 21 March 1918 28 April 1924 2233
(20) Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock.jpg Nationalist 28 April 1924 18 July 1924 82
28 George Prendergast 28Georgeprendergast.jpg Labor 18 July 1924 18 November 1924 124
29 John Allan 29Johnallan.jpg Country 18 November 1924 20 May 1927 914
30 Edmond Hogan 30Nedhogan.jpg Labor 20 May 1927 22 November 1928 553
31 William McPherson Will McPherson.jpg Nationalist 22 November 1928 12 December 1929 386
(30) Edmond Hogan 30Nedhogan.jpg Labor 12 December 1929 19 May 1932 890 (Total 1443 for 2 terms)
32 Stanley Argyle Sir Stanley Argyle.jpg United Australia 19 May 1932 2 April 1935 1049
33 Albert Dunstan Albert Dunstan (cropped).jpg Country 2 April 1935 14 September 1943 3088
34 John Cain John Cain 1954.jpg Labor 14 September 1943 18 September 1943 5
(33) Albert Dunstan Albert Dunstan (cropped).jpg Country 18 September 1943 2 October 1945 746 (Total 3834 for 2 terms)
35 Ian Macfarlan Imcfarlanemp.jpg Liberal 2 October 1945 21 November 1945 51
(34) John Cain John Cain 1954.jpg Labor 21 November 1945 20 November 1947 730 (Total 735 for 2 terms)
36 Thomas Hollway TomHollway.jpg Liberal 20 November 1947 27 June 1950 951
37 John McDonald Johnmcdonaldmp.jpg Country 27 June 1950 28 October 1952 855
(36) Thomas Hollway TomHollway.jpg Independent 28 October 1952 31 October 1952 4 (Total 955 for 2 terms)
(37) John McDonald Johnmcdonaldmp.jpg Country 31 October 1952 17 December 1952 48 (Total 903 for 2 terms)
(34) John Cain John Cain 1954.jpg Labor 17 December 1952 7 June 1955 903 (Total 1638 for 3 terms)
38 Henry Bolte Henry Bolte.jpg Liberal 7 June 1955 23 August 1972 6288
39 Rupert Hamer Dick Hamer.jpg Liberal 23 August 1972 5 June 1981 3209
40 Lindsay Thompson No image.png Liberal 5 June 1981 8 April 1982 308
41 John Cain John Cain Junior June 2016.jpg Labor 8 April 1982 10 August 1990 3047
42 Joan Kirner Joan Kirner, 1992 Swinburne.png Labor 10 August 1990 6 October 1992 789
43 Jeff Kennett J.kennett.jpg Liberal 6 October 1992 20 October 1999 2571
44 Steve Bracks Steve Bracks at a Vietnam Veterans Day ceremony, August 2006.jpg Labor 20 October 1999 30 July 2007 2841
45 John Brumby JohnBrumby2007crop.jpg Labor 30 July 2007 2 December 2010 1222
46 Ted Baillieu Chinese New Year 2013 85 - Ted Baillieu (8459813505).jpg Liberal 2 December 2010 6 March 2013 826
47 Denis Napthine Premier Denis Napthine.jpg Liberal 6 March 2013 4 December 2014 639
48 Daniel Andrews Daniel Andrews, Melbourne International Games Week 2015 Launch (cropped 2).jpg Labor 4 December 2014 Incumbent Incumbent

Living former premiers

As of 19 June 2019, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being John Cain (1982–1990, born 1931). The most recent (and also most-recently serving) Premier to die was Joan Kirner (1990–92), on 1 June 2015.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
John Cain 1982–1990 (1931-04-26) 26 April 1931 (age 88)
Jeff Kennett 1992–1999 (1948-03-02) 2 March 1948 (age 71)
Steve Bracks 1999–2007 (1954-10-15) 15 October 1954 (age 64)
John Brumby 2007–2010 (1953-04-21) 21 April 1953 (age 66)
Ted Baillieu 2010–2013 (1953-07-31) 31 July 1953 (age 65)
Denis Napthine 2013–2014 (1952-03-06) 6 March 1952 (age 67)

Timeline

Daniel AndrewsDenis NapthineTed BaillieuJohn BrumbySteve BracksJeff KennettJoan KirnerJohn Cain (junior)Lindsay ThompsonRupert HamerHenry BolteJohn Cain (senior)John McDonald (Victorian politician)Thomas HollwayJohn McDonald (Victorian politician)Thomas HollwayJohn Cain (senior)Ian MacfarlanAlbert DunstanJohn Cain (senior)Albert DunstanStanley ArgyleEdmond HoganWilliam Murray McPhersonEdmond HoganJohn Allan (Australian politician)George PrendergastAlexander PeacockHarry LawsonJohn BowserAlexander PeacockWilliam Watt (Australian politician)George Elmslie (Australian politician)William Watt (Australian politician)John Murray (Victorian politician)Thomas BentWilliam Irvine (Australian politician)Alexander PeacockGeorge Turner (Australian politician)Allan McLean (Ausralian politician)George Turner (Australian politician)James Patterson (Australian politician)William ShielsJames Munro (Australian politician)Duncan GilliesJames ServiceBryan O'LoghlenGraham BerryJames ServiceGraham BerryJames McCullochGraham BerryGeorge KerferdJames FrancisCharles Gavan DuffyJames McCullochJohn Alexander MacPhersonJames McCullochCharles SladenJames McCullochJohn O'ShanassyRichard HealesWilliam Nicholson (Australian politician)John O'ShanassyWilliam Haines (Australian politician)John O'ShanassyWilliam Haines (Australian politician)

See also

References

External links