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Introduction  

Summer in the Mount Hotham area - show another panorama
Summer in the Mount Hotham area - show another panorama

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The population of 26 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, though its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Indigenous Australians inhabited the continent for about 65,000 years prior to the first arrival of Dutch explorers in the early 17th century, who named it New Holland. In 1770, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the time of an 1850s gold rush, most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.

Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi). A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east. Australia generates its income from various sources, including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking, manufacturing, and international education.

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Section 116 of the Constitution of Australia precludes the Commonwealth of Australia (i.e., the federal parliament) from making laws for establishing any religion, imposing any religious observance, or prohibiting the free exercise of any religion. Section 116 also provides that no religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust under the Commonwealth. The product of a compromise in the pre-Federation constitutional conventions, Section 116 is based on similar provisions in the United States Constitution. However, Section 116 is more narrowly drafted than its US counterpart, and does not preclude the states of Australia from making such laws. Read more...

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Frank Macfarlane Burnet.jpg
Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, OM, AK, KBE, FRS, FAA, FRSNZ (3 September 1899 – 31 August 1985), usually known as Macfarlane or Mac Burnet, was an Australian virologist best known for his contributions to immunology. He won a Nobel Prize in 1960 for predicting acquired immune tolerance and was best known for developing the theory of clonal selection. Read more...

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The following are images from various Australia-related articles on Wikipedia.


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On this day  

17 July:

Bluebird CN7 at Lake Eyre


In the news  

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11 July 2020 –
In the second case in a week in Australia, a surfing teenage boy is killed by a shark near Grafton, New South Wales. (AP News)
25 June 2020 – 2023 FIFA Women's World Cup
FIFA announces that the 2023 Women's World Cup will be jointly hosted by Australia and New Zealand. (FIFA)
20 June 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Australia
Following a new spike in coronavirus infections, Victoria delays its easing of restrictions and imposes new limits on the size of gatherings. (News.com.au)
20 June 2020 – Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sports
COVID-19 pandemic in Australia, 2020 AFL season
18 June 2020 –
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison says "all levels of government", as well as essential service providers and businesses, are being targeted by a sophisticated state-backed cyberattack. Morrison did not say which state is behind the attack. (BBC)


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Flag of the Commonwealth of Australia
Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia
Location on the world map

Consider joining WikiProject Australia, a WikiProject dedicated to improving Wikipedia's coverage of topics related to Australia. The project page and its subpages contain suggestions on formatting and style of articles, which can be discussed at the project's notice board. To participate, simply add your name to the project members page.

As of 16 July 2020, there are The time allocated for running scripts has expired. articles within the scope of WikiProject Australia. Including non-article pages, such as talk pages, redirects, categories, etcetera, there are The time allocated for running scripts has expired. pages in the project.

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