List of historical political parties in Australia

This article lists historical political parties in Australia.

These are Australian political parties which are no longer registered with any federal, state or territory political bodies, and can thus no longer contest elections. A number of these may still exist as organisations in some form, however, if they are inactive as a political party they are listed here. For notable political parties that are not registered but remain active, see unregistered political parties

Major parties

Federally represented

Name Period Ideology Description
Commonwealth Liberal Party 1909 – 1916 Liberalism (Australian) Major conservative party, created by merger of the Protectionist Party and Free Trade Party in 1909. Formed government between 1909–10 and 1913–14. Merged with the National Labor Party in 1917, forming the Nationalist Party. The CLP is the earliest direct ancestor of the current Liberal Party of Australia.
Democratic Party (1940s) 1943 – 1945 Liberal conservatism
Emergency Committee of South Australia 1931 – 1932
Free Trade Party 1887 – 1909 Free trade
Anti-socialism
Major conservative party, It advocated the abolition of protectionism, especially protective tariffs and other restrictions on trade. Its most prominent leader was George Reid, who was the fourth Prime Minister of Australia.
National Labor Party 1916 – 1917 Nationalism
Interventionism
Created by Prime Minister Billy Hughes in 1916, after he was expelled from the Australian Labor Party. Governed with support of the Commonwealth Liberal Party until 1917 when the two merged into the Nationalist Party of Australia.
Nationalist Party 1917 – 1931 Nationalism
Liberal conservatism
Major conservative party, the result of a merger of the Commonwealth Liberal Party and National Labor Party in 1917. Formed government between 1917 and 1928. Reorganised as the United Australia Party in 1931.
Protectionist Party 1887 – 1909 Social liberalism
Protectionism
Policies centred on protectionism. It advocated protective tariffs, arguing it would allow Australian industry to grow and provide employment. Its most prominent leaders were Sir Edmund Barton and Alfred Deakin, who were the first and second prime ministers of Australia.
United Australia Party 1931 – 1944 Liberalism
Economic nationalism
Major conservative party, established in 1931 as successor to the Nationalist Party of Australia. In government federally between 1931 and 1941. Succeeded by the Liberal Party of Australia in 1944.

State represented

Name Period Ideology Description
Country and Progressive National Party 1926 – 1936 Agrarianism
Western Australian Liberal Party 1911 – 1917
Liberal and Country Party 1949 – 1965
Liberal and Country League 1932 – 1972
Liberal and Democratic Union 1906 – 1910
Liberal Federation 1923 – 1932
Liberal Reform Party 1901 – 1916 Temperance
Liberal conservatism
Liberal Union 1910 – 1923
One Nation NSW 2000 - 2007 Australian nationalism
Protectionism
Progressive Party 1901 – 1907 Protectionism
Social liberalism

Other represented parties

Federal

Name Period Ideology Description
Australia Party Social liberalism Their only elected member was Senator Reg Turnbull, who was elected as an independent rather than as a party member but later became the party's leader.
Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party 2013-2017 A party formed in Queensland at a public meeting of motoring enthusiasts following moves by various state governments toughening anti-hooning and vehicle impoundment legislation. Its representative Ricky Muir won a Senate seat in Victoria in the 2013 federal election, but did not regain his seat at the 2016 double dissolution election.
Australian Party
Australian Progressive Alliance
Country Progressive Party late 1920s–1930
Democratic Labor Party 1955-1978 Predecessor to the current Democratic Labour Party.
Family First Party 2001–2017 Socially conservative party founded in South Australia in 2004. Although eschewing religious labels, many of its candidates and members were from conservative Christian backgrounds. Relations between Family First and Fred Nile's Christian Democratic Party were strained by the need to compete for the same group of voters and to secure Senate preferences, particularly from the Liberal Party of Australia. It was assumed into Australian Conservatives Formed in 2017 by Senator Cory Bernardi who resigned from the Liberal Party.
Glenn Lazarus Team 2015–2017
Industrial Socialist Labor Party 1919–1921 Socialism
Labor (Anti-Communist)
Labor (Non-Communist) Nicknamed Lang Labor.
Labor (NSW) Nicknamed Lang Labor.
Lang Labor
Liberal Union
Liberal Country Party
Liberal Movement 1972–1977 Social liberalism
Progressivism
Merged into Australian Democrats
Majority Labor Party 1922–1923
National Alliance
National Liberal Party 1974–1974
Nuclear Disarmament Party 1984–2009 Nuclear disarmament
Palmer United Party 2013-2017 Right-wing populism
Australian nationalism
The Palmer United Party (PUP) was formed by Australian mining businessman Clive Palmer in April 2013. The party claimed to have a broad political philosophy rather than a set ideology as well as reserving social issues as a free conscience vote. Its fiscal policies are centre to centre-right.
Progress Party 1975–1981 Libertarianism
Anti-socialism
The party was formed on Australia Day (26 January) 1975 as a free market libertarian and anti-socialist party by businessmen John Singleton and Sinclair Hill in reaction to the economic policies of Labor prime minister Gough Whitlam
Progressive Party 1920–1927
Queensland Labor Party 1957–1962 A breakaway group of the then ruling Australian Labor Party Government after the expulsion of Premier Vince Gair. The party was absorbed into the Democratic Labor Party (DLP) in 1962
Revenue Tariff Party 1903–1903 It elected one member, William McWilliams, to the Australian House of Representatives, and one member, Henry Dobson, to the Senate in the 1903 federal election. Both joined the Free Trade Party soon after the election, and the party was not heard of again
Unite Australia Party 1986–1990
Victorian Farmers' Union
Western Australian Party 1906–1906

State only

Name Period Ideology Description
A Better Future For Our Children
Abolish Self Government Coalition 1992–1995 A political party in the Australian Capital Territory that experienced limited success in the early years of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly. It opposed self-government for the ACT, supporting its re-integration into the local government of New South Wales. The party elected one MLA, Dennis Stevenson, to the ACT Legislative Assembly in 1989; he was re-elected in 1991 but retired in 1995, after which the party declined markedly. It was federally registered on 22 December 1992 and deregistered on 16 June 1995.
Australian Family Movement 1974–1990 The party generally stood for conservative Christian principles, and was particularly opposed to homosexuality, transvestism and androgyny, believing them "contrary to the natural order"; and to abortion and euthanasia, placing emphasis on the "dignity and sanctity of all human life, especially at its beginning and at its end".
Australian Liberal Party
Centre Party
City Country Alliance 1999–2003
Communist Party of Australia 1920–1991 Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Major Communist party. Not to be confused with the modern Communist Party of Australia
Country-National Organisation
Democratic Party
Executive Country Party
Hare-Clark Independent Party Party founded on 19 November 1991 by Craig Duby. Notable for having Fiona Patten, future leader of the Australian Sex Party, as a candidate in the .
Illawarra Workers Party
Independent Labor Group 1959–1977
Independents Group 1989–1995 The Independents Group were a short-lived political party operating in the Australian Capital Territory. They briefly served as part of the government, alongside the Liberal Party of Australia and Residents Rally.
Lang Labor (SA)
Liberals for Forests 2001–2009
New Conservative Group
New Country Party 2003–2008
New Liberal Movement
No Self-Government Party 1989–1992 An Australian Capital Territory political party that experienced limited success in the early years of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly. Like Dennis Stevenson's Abolish Self-Government Coalition, it opposed self-government for the ACT. In the first territory election in 1989, three members of the No Self-Government Party were elected. None was still a member of the party by the 1992 election, by which time it had ceased to exist.
North Queensland Labor Party
Northern Country Party
Northern Territory Nationals
Protestant Labor Party
Queensland People's Party
Redistribution Liberals
Reform the Legal System 2000–2002
Residents Rally 1989–1995
SA First 1999–2002
Single Tax League 1914–1941 Georgism Based on support for single tax
Unity Party Centrism
Multiculturalism
Victorian Liberal Party 1954–1955 Formerly named Electoral Reform League

Parties without representation

(A-I)

Name Period Ideology Description
All for Australia League 1931–1932
Australian Nationalist Party 1958–1958 Its objectives included opposition to communism and socialisation, reducing taxes, restoring the proportion of British immigration to 75% of the total, deportation of migrants convicted of certain crimes, increasing social services, restoration of full employment, opposition to salary rises for politicians, and support for states' rights.
Australian National Socialist Party 1962–1968 Nazism
White supremacy
It merged into the National Socialist Party of Australia(NSPA), originally a splinter group, in 1968.
Australian Commonwealth Party 1972–1972
Advance Australia Party Nationalism
Populism
Formerly the Rex Connor Labor Party, was founded in 1988 by the son of former Whitlam Government Minister, Rex Connor, after leaving the Australian Labor Party. The party was created in opposition to the embracing of social and economic liberalism by both the Liberal and Labor parties. It was registered on 14 July 1989, but deregistered by the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) on 5 December 2005 for failing to endorse a candidate in the previous four years.
Australians Against Further Immigration 1989–2008 Nationalism
Anti-immigration
Australian Conservative Party 1989–1991 Founded as a registered political party in 1989, under the leadership of Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, the Premier of Queensland from 8 August 1968 to August 1988. Later the .
Australia's Indigenous Peoples Party 1993–1999 The party was associated with the Australian indigenous community.
Australian Women's Party 1995–2003
Australian Recreational Fishers Party 2016–2017 Registered May 2016, deregistered August 2017.
Australian Reform Party 1997–2002
Australian Fishing and Lifestyle Party 2006–2014 It opposed any bans on recreational fishing, four-wheel-drive vehicles, horse-riding, trail bikes, camping and kayaking, and generally opposed conservation measures which it saw as threatening to recreation.
4Change 2007-2010 Formerly the Climate Change Coalition. Formed in 2007, the party sought to accelerate political action on global warming and climate change.
Australia's First Nations Political Party 2011–2015 The policies of the party focused on issues such as Northern Territory statehood and Aboriginal sovereignty, The party was associated with the Australian indigenous community.
Australian Bill of Rights Group A party agitating for the creation of a Bill of Rights for Australia. At the 1996 federal election, it contested the Senate in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland on joint tickets with the Republican Party of Australia. Among its candidates were future New South Wales Legislative Councillor Peter Breen, who headed the ticket in New South Wales. The party ran a single ticket in Victoria in the 1998 federal election.
Australian Defence Movement
Australia First Movement Fascism
Australian Marijuana Party
Australian Motorist Party
Australian National Party
Australian Defence Veterans Party 2015-2017
Bullet Train for Australia 2013–2017 Founded in 2012 and advocated a high-speed rail corridor between eastern Australian cities.
Centre Party Fascism
Commonwealth Party 1943–1944
Commonwealth Centre Party 1961–1961 It was formed by disaffected members of the Liberal Party. It had little success and was wound up soon after the election.
Conservative Party of Australia 1984–1998
Combined New Australia Party 1990–1990
Confederate Action Party of Australia 1992–1993 It advocated the return of the death penalty, denial of all applications for political asylum, and the reintroduction of the use of convict labour. The party sometimes used the slogan "We are One Australia – One Nation".
Country Party (South Australia) 1917–1932 Initially known as the Farmers and Settlers Association. The Country Party merged with the Liberal Federation to create the Liberal and Country League (LCL) in 1932.
Curtin Labor Alliance 2001–2005 A minor Australian political coalition that was formed between two minor right-wing groups, the Citizens Electoral Council (CEC) and the Western Australian Municipal Employers Union, in 2001. The alliance claimed that Curtin was a nationalist, and that they represented the views that he would have espoused if he was alive.
Carers Alliance 2007–2015
Communist Alliance 2009–2012 An alliance of a number of Communist groups, individuals and ethnic based Communist Parties.
CountryMinded 2014–2018 Represents people whose livelihoods depend on agricultural production.
Consumer Rights & No-Tolls 2016–2018
Defence of Government Schools 1966–1985 Primarily concerned with public education but also focused on pensions and housing policy, was founded by activists opposed to state aid for private schools.
Engineered Australia Plan Party 1982–1983
Deadly Serious Party 1980s–1988
Defence and Ex-Services Party 1986–1989
Earthsave 1996–1999
Democratic Socialist Electoral League 1998–2001
Daylight Saving for South East Queensland
Douglas Credit Party Social credit The party was based on the Social credit theory of monetary reform, first set out by C. H. Douglas.
Drug Law Reform Australia The party was founded by Greg Chipp (son of former Democrats' leader Don Chipp) and registered in 2013.[1] The party was formed to encourage rethinking drug policies on the basis of scientific evidence, harm minimisation, public interest and personal liberty.
Environmentalists for Nuclear Energy Australia
Ex-Service, Service and Veterans Party
Farmers and Producers Political Union 1904–1910 It merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union and the National Defence League to become the Liberal Union
Freedom and Prosperity Party
FREE Australia Party 2010–2014
Fair Land Tax - Tax Party
Family Law Reform Party
Gamers 4 Croydon 2009–2010
Grey Power 1983–1994 The group was designed to represent the elderly vote, advocating issues dealing with aged care and a mature perspective on national policy; hence the name "grey power".
Great Australians Party 2003-2006
Hear Our Voice 2007–2010
Human Rights Party
Hope Party Australia 1997–2006
Industrial Labor Party 1936–1939
Independent EFF 1987–1999 Its positions included reducing workers' compensation, instituting , and the elimination of unemployment benefits and the flat tax. The party had links to far-right groups such as the Australian League of Rights.

(L-O)

Name Period Ideology Description
Liberal Party (1922) 1922–1922
Liberal Democratic Party 1943–1944
Mature Australia Party 2014–2017
Middle Class Party 1943–1943
Liberal Reform Group 1966–1969 Opposition to conscription and Australian involvement in the Vietnam War
Lower Excise Fuel and Beer Party 2001–2004
Mutual Party 2014–2015 Previously Bank Reform Party. In March 2015, it merged into the Australian Progressive Party (not to be confused with the similarly named Australian Progressives) after they agreed to join forces they themselves Australian Progressive Party would merge into Australian Progressives.
Libertarian Party of Australia
Multicultural Progress Party
National Defence League 1891–1910 Later known as the Australasian National League
National Party (South Australia) 1917–1923 Similar to the federal National Labor Party
One Parliament for Australia 1943–1943 Sought to abolish state governments.
New Liberal Movement 1976–1977 Merged into Australian Democrats
National Humanitarian Party 1983–1984
2002-2011 Registered by Albert Bensimon to run for the seat of Adelaide in the 2002 state election.
Natural Law Party 1990–1997
One Australia Movement 1986–1992 The party's policies included support for the monarchy, a biblical system of morality, immigration reform and social security reform, and opposition to union strike movements.
One Australia Party 1995–1999
No GST Party
No Aircraft Noise
No Land Tax Campaign
National Action White supremacy
Fascism
National Socialist Party of Australia White supremacy
Nazism
New England New State Movement
Outdoor Recreation Party (Stop the Greens) 1996–2017 The Outdoor Recreation Party (ORP) was a minor political party in New South Wales, Australia. It professes to represent the outdoor community and interests such as cycling, bushwalking, camping, kayaking, 4WD motoring, skiing, fishing and shooting. It was formally allied with the Liberal Democratic Party.

(P-Q)

Party Period Description
Protestant People's Party 1946–1949
Queensland Labor Party 1957–1962 A breakaway group of the then ruling Australian Labor Party Government after the expulsion of Premier Vince Gair. The party was absorbed into the Democratic Labor Party (DLP) in 1962
Progressive Conservative Party 1980–1980 Its stated aims included the reintroduction of the White Australia Policy, an end to Asian immigration to Australia, the cessation of foreign aid, and higher tax concessions to non-working mothers
Pensioner and Citizen Initiated Referendum Alliance (formerly Pensioner Party of Australia) 1982–1996 It generally supported the rights of and retirees, and was also notable as a strongly monarchist group
Party! Party! Party! 1989–1989
People Power Party 2006–2006
Pauline's United Australia Party 2007–2010

(R-S)

Party Period Description
Services and Citizens' Party 1943–1944 In 1944 it was one of the groups brought together by Robert Menzies to form the Liberal Party of Australia
Services Party of Australia 1946–1946
Smokers' Rights Party 2012–2017 The Smokers' Rights Party was formed in 2012 to argue that taxation on cigarettes in Australia is excessive and not justified by public health costs. They would like to see property owners making their own smoking rules (including in bars and pubs), rather than the government, and argue that the decision to smoke is a matter of personal choice.
Social Democratic Party 1980–1983
Republican Party of Australia The Republican Party of Australia was a minor political party dedicated to ending the country's links with the United Kingdom and establishing a republic, but remaining in the Commonwealth. It was formed in 1982 and achieved registration federally in 1992. It in many ways replaced the Australian Republican Party, which had operated from 1949 through until the RPA's founding. it was deregistered on 15 February 2016 after failing to demonstrate the required number of members.
Referendum First Group 1984–1984 It was a single-issue party, demanding a referendum before granting the ACT self-government.
Reclaim Australia: Reduce Immigration 1996–1999 The party advocated reducing immigration to Australia, The party's best electoral result was in the by-election following the retirement of former Prime Minister Paul Keating from the federal seat of Blaxland. In this by-election, the Liberal Party did not field a candidate to oppose the sitting Labor Party, and, although RARI finished behind AAFI on the primary vote, on preferences RARI was able to come second in the seat.
Save the RAH (South Australia) 2010–2010 A single-issue party with the aim of stopping the relocation of Adelaide's main hospital, the Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH)
Restore the Workers' Rights Party
Save Our State (New South Wales)
Socialist Party of Australia (WSM) 1930-1970 Companion party of the World Socialist Movement
State Labor Party
Stop CSG Party
(South Australia)
Sun Ripened Warm Tomato Party
Surprise Party

(T-U)

Party Period Description
United Christian Party 1972–1974
1980-1983
United Tasmania Group 1972–1976
1990-1990
(2016- )
Generally acknowledged as the world's first Green party. A few UTG candidates, including Bob Brown, formed the Tasmanian Greens (who enjoyed considerably more success) and then, at the national level, the Australian Greens. The United Tasmania Group was revived in April 2016.
Tasmania Senate Team 1992–1996
Tasmania First Party 1996–2006
Taxi Operators Political Service 1997–2001
The Basics Rock 'n' Roll Party
(South Australia)

(V-Z)

Party Period Description
Victorian Socialist Party 1906–1932 A socialist political party, the first explicitly Marxist party in Australia.
Young Australia National Party 1909–1916?
What Women Want 2007–2010 Strong interest in maternity issues, including support of midwives.

See also

References