Torbay is a small town and a bay in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Albany. Torbay is within the City of Albany local government area. The Torbay townsite was gazetted in 1910.
The Torbay area is on the eastern fringe of the karri forest region, and with some notable blocks of remnant tall forest. Large granite outcrops are also common. Beaches on the bay tend towards fine white sand. Where streams occur, they are clear but stained dark brown in colour from high-tannin-content vegetation.
Children in the area usually attend schools in Albany, travelling there by school bus. There is also a local independent school, the Woodbury Boston Primary School.
The town is named after Tor Bay, a bay on the coast to the south originally named by Captain Matthew Flinders in 1801 after Tor Bay in Devon, the home port of Admiral Richard Howe's Channel Fleet, for whom Flinders had served as a midshipman from 1793 to 1794. Admiral Howe's nickname was "Lord Torbay". Flinders identified a number of local features with Lord Howe-related names, including Torbay (the bay), Torbay Inlet, and West Cape Howe (originally named Cape Howe by George Vancouver), to avoid confusion with James Cook’s Cape Howe in New South Wales. Pre-settlement explorers of the Torbay area included: Matthew Flinders, Robert Brown, Ferdinand Bauer and William Westall (Dec. 1801); Thomas Wilson (Dec. 1829); Roe and Stirling (Nov. 1835); and Charles Codrington Forsyth of HMS Pelorus (1838).
In November 1835, Roe and Stirling explored the Tor Bay area, scoping the area for shipbuilding. From the late 1830s to the 1860s an industry building vessels of up to 150 tons was established at Port Harding (Migo Island), using timber from the Guarinup Hills, half a mile behind the beach.
In 1886 railway contractors C & E Millar established sawmills at Bornholm to supply timber for the construction of the Great Southern Railway (Beverley to Albany railway). Timber was initially shipped out by lighter, schooner and the small steamer Active from Port Harding (Migo Island) to Albany, and later by tramline to Elleker. In 1889 the Torbay Estate, of 22,000 acres, was granted to Millars in consideration of extending the railway from Elleker to Torbay and establishing working sawmills there. The two Bornholm mills were shifted to Torbay and enlarged. A prosperous timber settlement was in evidence at Torbay for about six years. The estate concession extended from Wilgie Hill, at the Albany end of Torbay, to Youngs, the timber being hauled by tramline from 20 miles beyond Torbay as far as Hay River, before the mills were finally moved. By 1895 most of the suitable timber at Torbay had been felled. The railway was again extended to Denmark in 1896. In 1898 Millars Karri and Jarrah Forests Limited offered the Torbay Estate back to the government provided they could retain ownership of the strip of land occupied by the Elleker-Torbay railway, which under their contract was to revert to the government after 14 years. The land was subdivided and sold for agricultural purposes in 1900.
WAGR rail service
Millars' Elleker-Torbay-Denmark railway line closed on 31 May 1905. During negotiations over the sale of the railway line the State leased the line and WAGR rail services began on 3 May 1907. In 1908 Millars sold the railway to the state government. Line extension works beyond Denmark were started in 1926 and on 11 June 1929 the first passenger service ran to Nornalup. The Nornalup-Denmark-Torbay-Elleker rail service was permanently shut down on 30 September 1957 and the rails were lifted in 1963.
Local industries include dairy farming, beef cattle, plantation forestry, specialist horticulture, arts and crafts and tourism, along with rural businesses that service farmers (mechanics, lime supply, machinery and labour hire etc.). A seasonal commercial fishing industry occurs within the bay based on catches of herring and Australian salmon during the February–April period. Torbay has been a traditional potato growing area for over a century, particularly for seed potato production. While some pumpkins are grown and the area is suitable for cauliflower production, potatoes are the major horticultural crop. The area currently produces about 50% of Western Australia’s requirements for seed potato production.
Tor Bay, which includes Port Harding (named in 1838 by master's mate Charles Forsyth after Captain Francis Harding of HMS Pelorus) and Port Hughes (named in 1831 by Roe after Private Thomas Hughes of the 63rd Regiment) as well as Torbay Inlet, lie between Torbay Head and Stony Island. Torbay Head is the most southerly point on the mainland of Western Australia and the most western point of the Great Australian Bight. Islands within Tor Bay include Migo Island, named after the Swan River native Migo, Richard Island, named after Admiral Richard Howe, both by Roe in 1835; and Shelter Island.
Popular beaches on the bay include Perkins Beach, Muttonbird Beach and Cosy Corner, all accessible by car. Cosy Corner Beach is the most well-known, and is a popular family beach with picnic and camping facilities. Children's swimming lessons are held there in the summer. There are other beaches that are accessible only by four-wheel drive vehicle. The Bibbulmun Track passes around the edge of the bay, coming down long steps from the steep hills above Cosy Corner and following the beach around the curve of the bay and across the mouth of Torbay Inlet along Muttonbird Beach to near Shelter Island.
- "Torbay Agricultural Hall - Opening Ceremony". Albany Advertiser. 3 August 1912. p. 3. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Torbay (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – T". Retrieved 11 February 2007.
- Knibbs, George Handley (1908). "The Coastline of the Commonwealth". Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia. 1. Melbourne: Minister of Home Affairs. p. 65.
- Cooper, Harold Moore (1953). The Unknown Coast: Being the Explorations of Captain Matthew Flinders, R.N., Along the Shores of South Australia, 1802. Adelaide, South Australia: Harold Moore Cooper. p. 29.
- Barrow, John (June 1841). "Barrow's Life of Earl Howe". Dublin University Magazine: A Literary and Political Journal. 17: 704.
- Duffy, Michael (1992). The New Maritime History of Devon: From Early Times to the Late Eighteenth Century. 2. London: Conway Maritime Press. p. 187. ISBN 0851776337.
- Flinders, Matthew (1814). A Voyage to Terra Australis. 1. London: G. & W. Nicol. pp. 53–74.
- Wilson, Thomas Braidwood (1835). Narrative of a Voyage Round the World. London: Sherwood Gilbert & Piper. p. 261.
- Roe, John Septimus (20 August 1836). "Journal of an Expedition from Swan River overland to King George's Sound". The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal. p. 749. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "The Western Australian Journal". The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal. 14 April 1838. p. 58. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- "Western Australia". Parbury's Oriental Herald and Colonial Intelligencer. 3 (13): 67. 1839.
- Yule, Charles B. (1868). The Australia Directory - South and East Coasts, Bass Strait and Tasmania. 1 (6 ed.). London: Hydrographic Office, Admiralty. p. 12.
- Gibbs, Martin (2010). "Torbay/Migo Island". The shore whalers of Western Australia : historical archaeology of a maritime frontier. Sydney: Sydney University Press. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-1920899622.
- Grasby, William Catton (29 December 1914). "Torbay Potato Growers". The West Australian. p. 9. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Timber from Albany". The West Australian. 6 August 1929. p. 18. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "The Torbay Estate". Albany Advertiser. 4 October 1898. p. 3. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- "The Denmark Railway". Western Mail. Perth. 11 May 1907. p. 11. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- "Which branch line was that?" (PDF). The Times - A journal of transport timetable history and analysis. 28 (331): 7. October 2011. ISSN 0813-6327. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- Arrowsmith, Naomi (April 2005). "Watershed Torbay Catchment Restoration Plan" (pdf). Torbay Catchment Group. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Hydrographer of the Navy (1992). South coast of Australia from Cape Leeuwin to Green Point. Australia Pilot. 1. Great Britain Hydrographic Office. p. 48.
- USGS Astrogeology Science Center. "Planetary Names: Crater, craters - Torbay on Mars". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. International Astronomical Union Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.