Ongerup is a town 410 kilometres (250 mi) south-east of Perth and 54 kilometres (34 mi) east of Gnowangerup in the Great Southern region of Western Australia. At the 2016 census Ongerup had a population of 93.
The name Ongerup means "place of the male kangaroo" in the local Noongar language.
The area around Ongerup was first explored by Surveyor General John Septimus Roe who passed through in 1848. In the 1870s the Moir family moved to the area and began grazing sheep along the Warperup Creek. In 1910 the land was surveyed into 1,000-acre (4 km2) blocks priced at 10 shillings per acre before the townsite was gazetted in 1912.
A 94-kilometre (58 mi) branch line to Ongerup from Tambellup on the Great Southern Railway main line between Perth and Albany was opened on 6 January 1913 to serve the growing agriculture industry; it closed on 13 October 1957. A timetable from 1937 shows two trains per week leaving Ongerup on Tuesdays at 06:55 and Fridays at 04:00. Lengthy connections of around 12 hours were available at Katanning for Perth, arriving approximately 30 hours after leaving Ongerup. In 1918 a barracks was constructed on Eldridge Street for railway workers based in Ongerup. The building survived the closure of the railway and now houses the Ongerup/Needilup District Museum that was opened in 1978.
A local newspaper, The Gnowangerup Star and Tambellup-Ongerup Gazette, was launched on 21 August 1915 with the final edition being printed in 2003.
The first Ongerup Public Hall was built in 1927 but was replaced by the current building in 1953.
In 1936 the town established a football club. The club initially played in the Tambellup Football Association before joining with Jerramungup to form the Ongerup Football Association in 1962. The club went into recess in 2010.
The town was flooded when 119.4 millimetres (4.70 in) of rain, almost a third of the annual average, fell in one day on 17 February 1955.
In June 1983 the Ongerup Cemetery received its first burial.
In 1983 the Ongerup Shears event was held for the first time. This was a shearing competition that was held on the Queen's Birthday long weekend with international and national shearers competing in the runup to the Perth Royal Show. The event was discontinued in the 1990s.
In 2009 a 13-part documentary, entitled The Life of the Town, was made by Ronin Films that looked at the life of the town and focussed on the Australian Rules football team that was under threat.
In March 2010 the Ongerup Police Station (established 1962) was moved 65 kilometres (40 mi) to the east to Jerramungup in response to the increased populations of Jerramungup and Bremer Bay.
In 2012 the town celebrated its centenary with a programme of various events.
At the 2016 census Ongerup had a population of 93 people, a 22% decrease from the 2006 census. The town is home to a pub, general store, tyre service, primary school, kindergarten, telecentre, caravan park, ambulance service, 18-hole golf course, sports oval and pavilion and roadhouse.
The town exists to service the local agricultural community. Surrounding farms mainly produce wheat, barley, canola and wool, while lesser quantities of lupins, oats, alfalfa and other crops are also grown. Beef cattle, fat lambs, and pigs are sideline industries.
The Ongerup Wildflower Show is held in September and October each year. The Ongerup district is known to be home to over 1,300 species of wildflowers.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ongerup (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
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- Australian Newspaper History Group, newsletter October 2003
- Shire of Gnowangerup (6 June 2006). "Our Towns and History". Retrieved 17 July 2007.
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- "Ongerup Notes". Great Southern Herald. Katanning, WA. 17 June 1936. p. 2. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
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- "Life of the Town". Ronin Films. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
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- Brown, Simon (9 July 2007). "Councils join forces to fight police station closures". ABC Great Southern. Archived from the original on 21 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2007.
- "Doors open on Jerramungup police station". ABC News. Perth, WA. 26 March 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
- http://www.ongerupcentenary.com.au Archived August 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Ongerup (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
- Western Australian Telecentre Network (2003). "Complete List of Telecentre Details". Retrieved 17 July 2007.
- Department of Premier and Cabinet (WA) (26 April 2007). "Ongerup Roll of Honour". Retrieved 17 July 2007.
- "The Malleefowl Preservation Group". 9 July 2007. Archived from the original on 17 February 2006. Retrieved 17 July 2007.
"Yongergnow Australian Malleefowl Centre". 10 July 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2007.
- The Wildflower Society of Western Australia (Inc.). "Wildflower displays in rural Western Australia". Retrieved 17 July 2007.
- GE1 timetable (PDF) (20 November 2017). Retrieved on 14 June 2018.