Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet Conservative politician and colonial administrator.(14 March 1832 – 14 January 1907) was a British soldier,
Background and education
Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, Fergusson was the eldest son of Sir Charles Fergusson, 5th Baronet, and his wife Helen, daughter of David Boyle. He was educated at Cheam, Rugby, and University College, Oxford (although he left without taking a degree). He entered the Grenadier Guards in 1851 and served in the Crimean War where he was wounded. He retired from the army in 1859.
Political and administrative career
Fergusson was elected Member of Parliament for Ayrshire and represented the constituency in parliament from 1854 to 1857 and 1859 to 1868. He was Under-Secretary of State for India under Lord Derby from 1866 to 1867 and Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1867 to 1868 under Derby and Benjamin Disraeli and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1868.
Fergusson served as Governor of South Australia from 1868. In November 1872 he was appointed governor of New Zealand and left Adelaide on 6 December for a short visit to England before taking up the post.
Following his retirement, he returned to the House of Commons, as Member of Parliament for Manchester North East, which he represented between 1885 and 1906. He again held political office as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs between 1886 and 1891 and as Postmaster General between 1891 and 1892 in Lord Salisbury's Conservative administration.
Fergusson married firstly Lady Edith Christian, daughter of James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, in 1859. They had two sons and two daughters. Lady Edith died on 20 October 1871 in Port Adelaide in Australia, aged 32. She was buried at North Road Cemetery in Adelaide. There is a memorial headstone in the north-west corner of the first western extension to Inveresk churchyard in Scotland.
Fergusson married secondly Olive, daughter of John Henry Richman, in 1873. Olive was born in South Australia, and they were married soon after arriving in New Zealand. They had one son. She died of cholera in January 1882.
He married thirdly Isabella Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Twysden and widow of Charles Hugh Hoare, in 1893. They had no children. Fergusson's son Charles and grandson Bernard Fergusson both became Governors-General of New Zealand.
The town of Jamestown and the County of Fergusson in South Australia, Fergusson Island in Papua New Guinea and Fergusson College in Pune (in his day, Poona), India are named in Fergusson's honour.
- Edgeloe, V. A. (1972). "Fergusson, Sir James (1832–1907)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 14 April 2008 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
- "DEATH OF LADY EDITH FERGUSSON". Adelaide Observer. XXVIII (1570). South Australia. 4 November 1871. p. 11. Retrieved 1 December 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- Grave of Edith Christian Fergusson, Inveresk
- Manning, Geoffrey. "South Australian Names - T" (PDF). Manning Index of South Australian History. State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
- Manning, Geoffrey. "South Australian Names - J" (PDF). Manning Index of South Australian History. State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
- Newspaper report 1897
- New Zealand Governor biography
- Mennell, Philip (1892). . The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co – via Wikisource.
- Lee-Warner, William (1912). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co. .
- Harnetty, Peter. "Fergusson, Sir James, of Kilkerran, sixth baronet (1832–1907)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33112. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir James Fergusson, Bt