Town Category: South Australia
- Town in South Australia
Jamestown is a town in the Mid North region of South Australia 207 kilometres (129 mi) north of Adelaide. It lies on the banks of the Belalie Creek and on the Crystal Brook-Broken Hill railway line between Gladstone and Peterborough, and ultimately on the main line linking Adelaide and Perth to Sydney. At the 2016 census, Jamestown had a population of 1,561, and is the thriving centre of a prosperous area. Jamestown is the council seat of its local municipality, Northern Areas Council. Jamestown is in the South Australian Legislative Assembly electoral district of Stuart and the federal Division of Grey.
Jamestown (originally James Town) was named after Sir James Fergusson, the Governor of South Australia when the town was surveyed in 1871. Its streets are all named for towns in his native Scotland.
Major products of the area are grain, legumes, wool and timber. The world's first plantation forest was the Bundaleer Forest first planted in the area in 1876. The local area had first been granted self-government as the District Council of Belalie in 1875, but the township of Jamestown itself had separated as the Corporate Town of Jamestown in 1878. The Belalie council, comprising the surrounding areas, merged into the new District Council of Jamestown in 1935. Jamestown continued with two municipalities, one for the town and one for the surrounding area, until their amalgamation in 1991; the amalgamated municipality then merged into the new Northern Areas Council in 1997.
In July 2017, US tech giant Tesla won a bid to build a 129 megawatt hour (MWh) battery at nearby Hornsdale. It was completed on 25 November 2017, and is currently the largest of its kind in the world.
Jamestown is the birthplace of Australian bush legend, Reginald Murray Williams (1908–2003), better known as R. M. Williams, the bush outfitter, Sir Raphael Cilento (1893–1985), tropical medicine pioneer, noted public servant and father of actress Diane Cilento, actor Paul Cronin (1938–2019) and Edgar Mayne (1882-1961), Test cricketer.
Jamestown has proud military history, with monuments featured within the township. The Memorial Park features a restored 1907 Krupp SFH02 Cannon. It was captured in Palestine in November 1917 as part of the World War I campaign. In 1918 the Cannon was ceded to the 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment in the initial distribution of captured weapons.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Jamestown (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- "Jamestown". www.nacouncil.sa.gov.au. Northern Areas Council. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- "Tesla". www.tesla.com. The Australian. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
- "Tesla's Giant Battery Farm Ready to Flick the Switch". The urban developer. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "National Australia Bank, Jamestown Branch - Building and Fence". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Foodland Supermarket (former Eudunda Farmers Store)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Trooper Goodes Memorial [Boer War]". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Jamestown Post Office and Dwelling". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Jamestown Barossa & Clare Valley". Thoroughbred Racing SA. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
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