Zillmere, Queensland

Zillmere is a suburb within the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It is located 14 kilometres (9 mi) north of the Brisbane central business district.[4]

Demographics

In the 2011 census, the population of Zillmere was 8,105, 51.2% female and 48.8% male.[5] The median age of the Zillmere population was 34 years, 3 years below the Australian median. 67.1% of people living in Zillmere were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 4.8%, India 3.3%, England 2.8%, Philippines 1.7%, Italy 0.7%. 77.5% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 1.4% Punjabi, 1.1% Samoan, 0.9% Tagalog, 0.8% Karen, 0.8% Cantonese.[5]

History

The Turrbal Aborigines occupied the region north of Brisbane River, including the area covered by Zillmere.

With European settlement, the area came to be known as Zillman's Waterholes, named after Johann Leopold Zillmann (1813–1892), a pioneering Lutheran missionary who served at the mission station nearby at Nundah. In January 1872, the Brisbane Courier[6] described Zillman's Waterholes as being situated between Cabbage Tree Creek and Downfall Creek. It was settled with twenty-seven small farmers residing on the land. At the time there were "two chapels, a brickyard and pottery". The settlers grew pineapples, pigs and other small crops. After the North Coast Railway Line was extended to Petrie in 1888, the railway station servicing the area was named Zillmere. By the time the first housing estate was marketed in 1897, the area was also being called Zillmere. A slaughterhouse and curing works was established in 1898 by to slaughter and process pigs from regional farms.[7]

Zillmere in the 1950s showing State Housing Commission Projects and migrant barracks

In June 1917, 140 building sites and 3 substantial houses of "Show Ground Estate Zillmere" were auctioned by G. H. Blocksidge & Ferguson Auctioneers. A map advertising the auction states the Estate was 3 minutes walk from Zillmere Railway Station.[8][9]

In May 1920, 90 subdivided allotments of "Pioneer Estate" were advertised to be auctioned by Isles Love & Co. Auctioneers. A map advertising the auction states the estate was close to Zillmere railway station and fronting Sandgate Road.[10]

During the 1950s, the Housing Commission[11] reclaimed farmland to construct prefabricated houses imported from France. This established Zillmere as a suburban centre. Migrant barracks near Church Road were used to resettle post-war European immigrants until they were destroyed by fire in the mid 1950s.

Today Zillmere is approximately 60% residential and 40% industrial.[12] In recent years parts of its shopping district have been updated as part of the Brisbane City Council's urban renewal project.

The Zillmere Public Library opened its doors in 1971.[13]

Etymology

The word Zillmere can be broken into two parts Zill and mere. The first part of the conjugation is the first part of Zillmann meaning Sail maker in old German dialects. Spelling variations of this family name include: Zyll, Zyl, Zeil, Ziel, Zyller, Zyllmann, Zillmann, Zylhoffer. The word mere is recorded in Old English, corresponding to Old Saxon meri, Old Low Franconian *meri (Dutch meer), Old High German mari / meri (German Meer), Goth. mari-, marei, Old Norse marr (Swedish mar-, French mare). They derive from reconstituted Germanic *mari, itself from Indo-European *mori, the same root as marsh and moor. The Indo-European root gave also birth to similar words in the other European languages : Latin mare 'sea' (Italian mar", French mer), Old Celtic *mori 'sea' (Gaulish mori-, more, Irish muir, Welsh môr, Breton mor), Old Slavic morje.[14][15] Therefore, Zillmere is the conjugation for Zillman's Waterholes, which were in turn named after early German pioneer Leopold Zillman.[4]

Amenities

Zillmere has a busy local shopping centre on the east side of the railway line adjacent to the railway station. The centre includes a Superpharm IGA, newsagent, 7/11, Domino's Pizza, pharmacy, bakery, tailor, key cutting shop and veterinary surgery.

The Brisbane City Council Library service operate the Zillmere Public Library. The library is located on the corner of Jennings Street and Zillmere Road.[16]

Educational institutions located in Zillmere are:

(a) Government schools -

  • Zillmere State School (primary school) – Located on Murphy Road opened in 1877.[17]
  • Zillmere North State School (primary school) – Located on Handford Road is now known as Taigum State School.

(b) Private schools -

  • St Flannan's Parish Catholic School

Churches located in Zillmere are:

  • Anglican.
  • Assemblies of God.
  • Catholic.
  • Christadelphian.
  • Churches of Christ – The first Churches of Christ in Queensland was established at Zillman's Waterholes in 1882.[18]
  • Christ Ministries International Church CMIC.
  • Uniting Aboriginal and Islander Christian Congress (U.A.I.C.C)

Health facilities and public transport options are located in Zillmere.

Sport and culture

Zillmere includes North Star Football Club, who play in the Brisbane Premier League in 2012 and Zillmere Eagles Australian Football Club and Geebung Bowls Club.

Zillmere hosts the Zillmere Multicultural Festival (known as Zillfest). This is an annual event showcasing performing arts, crafts, delicacies and traditions of local cultural groups. There is a program of performers demonstrating traditional dances and an 'open mike' session for local talent.

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Zillmere (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Bracken Ridge Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Deagon Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 9 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Zillmere (entry 43064)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  5. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Zillmere (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 February 2014. Edit this at Wikidata
  6. ^ "The Brisbane Courier 20 January 1872 – Zillman's Waterholes". Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  7. ^ The History of the Oxley Meat Factory – Foggitt Jones Ltd, J.C. Hutton Pty Ltd, Tancred Bros 1903-1992 by Lona (Price) Grantham, May 1998.
  8. ^ "Show Ground Estate, Zillmere". State Library of Queensland. 16 June 1917. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Show Ground Estate, Zillmere". The Brisbane Courier (18, 532). Queensland, Australia. 9 June 1917. p. 12. Retrieved 26 April 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ "Pioneer Estate, Zillmere". State Library of Queensland. 29 May 1920. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Housing Commission History". Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
  12. ^ "REIQ – Profile for Zillmere". Archived from the original on 25 October 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2008.
  13. ^ "Queensland Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-2017" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. November 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  14. ^ English Etymology, T. F. Hoad, Oxford University Press
  15. ^ Das Herkunftswörterbuch, Duden Band 7, Dudenverlag.
  16. ^ "Zillmere Library". Public Libraries Connect. 15 December 2017. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  18. ^ Haigh, George (1983). 100 Years Venturing in Faith. Brisbane: E K Williams Pty Ltd. p. 9. ISBN 0-909116-38-5.

Further reading

External links