Yeerongpilly is eight km south of the Brisbane central business district. It has a large Asian population and a growing Sub-Saharan African population.
A small section of the north eastern boundary runs along Ipswich Road.
Yeerongpilly is derived from the Aboriginal words "yarung" meaning sandy or gravelly or "yurong" meaning rain and "pilly" meaning gully or watercourse. Yeerongpilly grew from an area named Boggo, which was logged for timber for Brisbane.
In April 1885, "Lathorn Estate" made up of 118 allotments were advertised to be auctioned by James R. Dickson & Co. A map advertising the auction states the Estate consisted of 118 subdivisons of 131 Portion, Parish of Yeerongpilly. Newspaper advertising states the Estate was "situated at the junction of Ipswich and Boggo Roads" and "within a quarter of a mile of Yeerong Railway Station".
In February 1890, "Grand View Estate" made up of 18 allotments were advertised to be auctioned by John W. Todd. A map advertising the auction states the Estate was bordered by Fairfield Road and Boundary Road. Newspaper advertising states the Estate was "directly opposite the South Brisbane cemetery" and offers "magnificent views of the River, Mountains and surrounding land."
The Brisbane Golf Club was established in the suburb in 1896.
A state government research complex, last known as the Animal Research Institute, occupied a site adjacent to Fairfield Road from 1909 to 2011.
Although the suburb is not directly on Brisbane River, a small section of the western boundary follows Oxley Creek. Parts of Yeerongpilly were affected by the 2010–2011 Queensland floods. Insurance claims for damage created by the flood were the second highest in the state, according to Suncorp Insurance.
The median age of the Yeerongpilly population was 33 years, 4 years below the Australian median.
69.6% of people living in Yeerongpilly were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were England 3.7%, New Zealand 3.6%, India 2.1%, China 1.6%, Philippines 1.1%.
78.5% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 1.7% Vietnamese, 1.3% Mandarin, 1.2% Spanish, 0.8% Hindi, 0.7% Serbian.
The original proposal for the Cross River Rail project was to have its southern tunnel portal approximately at the Cardross St overbridge. The current proposal has relocated the southern tunnel portal to Dutton Park.
Yeerongpilly has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Ken Archer, an Australian cricketer was born in the suburb in 1928.
- Marty Mayberry, a double leg amputee Paralympic alpine skier born in 1986.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Yeerongpilly (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- "Tennyson Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
- "Lathorn Estate Being subdivisions 1 to 118 of portions 131 Parish of Yeerongpilly. For sale by auction on the ground Saturday April 25th at 2:30 p.m. Luncheon provided". State Library of Queensland. 1885. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
- "Classified Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. Queensland, Australia. 24 April 1885. p. 7. Retrieved 5 June 2020 – via Trove.
- "Plan of the Grand View Estate". State Library of Queensland. 1890. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
- "Advertising". The Telegraph. Queensland, Australia. 25 January 1890. p. 8. Retrieved 5 June 2020 – via Trove.
- "The Brisbane Golf Club Australia". Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- "Insurer's flood payouts top $63m". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- "Animal Research Institute (former) (entry 602598)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Brisbane Golf Club". Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Yeerongpilly
- "Yeerongpilly". BRISbites. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 23 July 2008.
- "Yeerongpilly". Our Brisbane. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 20 February 2008.