Salisbury is a suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It is 9 kilometres (6 mi) south of the CBD. Salisbury was named after the residence of William Coote, an early Brisbane journalist and political figure, who lived in the area. The name was selected by the railway department when the Sunnybank/South Coast Railway Line opened in 1885.
The area remained predominantly rural until after the Second World War. Because of its comparative remoteness, a series of munition factories were built in the area, along what is now Evans Road. The tram line from the city to Moorooka was extended in 1941 to Evans Road to service these factories. The tram line finally closed on 13 April 1969.
By the end of October 1943, the production of small arms at the Rocklea Factory had ceased and the place was ready for re-occupation and conversion to engine overhaul for the Department of Aircraft Production. Provision was also made for the establishment on the site of the Salisbury Hotel.
In 1955, Orange Grove Road was extended north from the eastern end of Lillian Avenue to connect to the eastern end of Evans Road. Toohey Road linked Salisbury to Tarragindi in September 1959. Significant residential development occurred during the post-war years, with rapid growth from the 1960s.
The School Estate Salisbury was advertised for auction on Saturday 14th of may 1921. 75 residential sites were sold by Cameron Brothers next to Salisbury State School and within 10 minutes walk to Salisbury Railway station. 
In the 2016 census, the population of Salisbury was 6,290, of which 50.0% were female and 50.0% were male.
The median age of the Salisbury population was 35 years, three years below the Australian median.
67.8% of people living in Salisbury were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 66.7%. The other top responses for country of birth were India (4.0%), New Zealand (2.8%), England (2.6%), China (1.9%) and Vietnam (0.8%).
74.2% of people spoke only English at home; the next most popular languages were Mandarin (2.4%), Cantonese (1.4%), Punjabi and Spanish (both 1.2%) and Gujarati (1.0).
Today, Salisbury is an established residential and industrial area, with substantial park lands in the north. Major features of the area include Toohey Forest, Toohey Mountain, The Construction Training Centre, SkillsTech Australia (Salisbury Campus), Brisbane Christian College, Life Church, Russ Hall Park and a number of local schools, shops, aged care facilities, clubs and sporting facilities. The area is serviced by both a railway station and a number of bus routes connecting to Brisbane central business district and surrounding areas.
Housing predominantly consists of a variety of detached dwellings on various lot sizes, ranging from traditional Queenslander style homes on 800 meters squared to modern style homes on 400 meters squared.
The area is undergoing change and renewal with many families seeking to make it their home.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Salisbury (Qld)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
- "Moorooka Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
- Roberts, Beryl (1991). Stories of the Southside. Archerfield, Queensland: Aussie Books. p. 16. ISBN 0-947336-01-X.
- Coopers Plains Local History Group (February 2000). A closer look at Salisbury and Nathan Heights. Brisbane, Coopers Plains Local History Group. p. 120.
- Coopers Plains Local History Group (February 2000). A closer look at Salisbury and Nathan Heights. Brisbane, Coopers Plains Local History Group. p. 136.
- Salisbury: Introduction and summary. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- "Advertising". The Telegraph (15, 117). Queensland, Australia. 11 May 1921. p. 12 (SECOND EDITION). Retrieved 5 June 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "School Estate, Salisbury". State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- Moorooka Ward Archived 22 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 April 2012.