The Queensland Government is the executive branch and democratic administrative authority of the state of Queensland, Australia. A federated state under a parliamentary constitutional monarchy which was formed in 1859, Queensland's governmental structure is set out on the Constitution of Queensland. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Queensland has been a State of Australia, with the Constitution of Australia regulating the relationships between all state and territory governments and the Australian Government. Under the Australian Constitution, all states and territories (including Queensland) ceded powers relating to certain matters to the federal government.
The government is influenced by the Westminster system and Australia's federal system of government. The Governor of Queensland, as the representative of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, holds nominal executive power, although in practice only performs ceremonial duties. In practice executive power lies with the Premier and Cabinet. The Cabinet of Queensland is the government's chief policy-making organ, and consists of the Premier and all ministers.
Government in Australia generally refers to the executive branch only and the overall governmental structure of Queensland including the legislative and judicial branches, as well as federal representation and ideology is dealt with in Politics of Queensland.
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Queensland Government departments
The Queensland Government delivers services, determines policy and regulations, including legal interpretation, by a number of agencies grouped under areas of portfolio responsibility. Each portfolio is led by a government minister who is a member of the Parliament. As of December 2019 there were 23 lead agencies, called government departments, that consist of:
- Department of the Premier and Cabinet
- Queensland Treasury
- Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships
- Department of Agriculture and Fisheries
- Department of Child Safety, Youth and Women
- Department of Communities, Disability Services and Seniors
- Department of Education
- Department of Employment, Small Business and Training
- Department of Environment and Science
- Queensland Health
- Department of Housing and Public Works
- Department of State Development, Manufacturing, Infrastructure and Planning
- Department of Innovation and Tourism Industry Development
- Department of Justice and Attorney-General
- Department of Local Government, Racing and Multicultural Affairs
- Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy
- Department of Transport and Main Roads
- Department of Youth Justice
- Public Service Commission
- Queensland Ambulance Service
- Queensland Corrective Services
- Queensland Police Service
- Queensland Fire and Emergency Services
A range of other agencies support the functions of these departments.
- "Creation of a state". Queensland Government. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- "The Premier of Queensland - Tertiary Factsheet 4.3" (PDF). Queensland Parliament - Everyone's Parliament. July 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- The Queensland Cabinet and Ministerial Directory. 7 March 2018 https://cabinet.qld.gov.au/cabinet.aspx. Retrieved 25 May 2020. Missing or empty
- "Scrutiny Function". Parliament of Queensland. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- "Revenue" (PDF). Queensland Budget 2019-20. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- "Q150 Timeline". Queensland Treasury. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
- "Queensland Government Administrative Arrangements Order (No. 2) 2019 - Made by the Governor in Council on 12 December 2019" (PDF). The State of Queensland. Retrieved 30 December 2019.