Newmarket, Queensland

Newmarket is an inner north-west suburb in the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[3] It is an older, mostly residential suburb containing pre-war and post-war homes, including many fine examples of the Queenslander style of home. Over the last few years, some medium-density townhouses and unit blocks have appeared as well. In the 2016 census, Newmarket had a population of 4979 people.[1]

Geography

Newmarket is located approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the Brisbane central business district (CBD).

History

Brisbane suburb of Newmarket ca. 1925, chimney of the Newmarket Brickworks is visible on the left

Newmarket was originally known as "The Three Mile Scrub" due to its distance from the city, and Ashgrove Avenue, which links Enoggera Road with Waterworks Road to the west, was known as Three Mile Scrub Road. As Brisbne continued to grow northward along Kelvin Grove Road, in about 1880 it was decided to relocated Brisbane's livestock saleyards from Normanby to an outer location, the area now bordered by Enoggera Road, Newmarket Road, Wilston Road and Alderson Street. This area became known as the "new market" given the suburb its name.[3] The new sale yards were serviced by Newmarket railway station after the rail line was extended from Mayne Junction in 1899.

In 1900 local residents were agitating to have the Kelvin Grove tramway extended along Enoggera Road to the Newmarket Hotel. However, a new bridge over Enoggera Creek would be required.[4] Also there were concerns that the close proximity of the proposed tramway would take revenue away from the railway line.[5] However these concerns were resolved and the tramway extension to the Newmarket Hotel was opened on Monday 27 July 1903.[6]

Newmarket State School opened on 4 July 1904.[7]

The Newmarket Brickworks were constructed in Mina Parade in 1912 with a chimney over 50 metres (160 ft) tall. The brickwords were demolished in 1987 but the Newmarket Brickworks chimney remains and is now heritage-listed. However, due to changes in the suburb boundaries, the chimney is now officially in the neighbouring suburb of Alderley.[8]

The sale of the McCook Estate, at the time part of the suburb Kelvin Grove, now Newmarket, by Auctioneers, Martin Snelling & Co, occurred on 3rd March 1928 at 3 pm on the grounds. It was offered again for sale by auction on 14 April 1928 [9]. The Estate comprised 19 splendid business and residential sites, located on the corner of Kelvin Grove Road and Parker street and backing onto Foster street. The advertisement stressed the convenience of location on the tram-line, within 15 minutes ride to the GPO and close to the shopping centre, picture theatre, churches and state schools.[10]

As urban development continued in Newmarket, the saleyards were moved to Cannon Hill in 1931.[11] Evidence of the saleyards can still be seen in a number of narrow laneways including one known as Saleyards Lane, most likely old cattle tracks between stockyards, that still exist in this neighbourhood.

St Ambrose's Catholic School opened in 1936.[12][13]

Newmarket State High School opened on 29 January 1963 and closed on 13 December 1996; it was located on Banks Street next to Newmarket State School.[7]

Until December 1968 trams operated by the Brisbane City Council plied along Enoggera Road. A former tramway electrical substation still stands on the corner of Kate Street and Enoggera Road and has been transformed into a contemporary dwelling.

Heritage listings

Newmarket has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Demographics

In the 2011 census the population of Newmarket was 4,444, 51.8% female and 48.2% male.

The median age of the Newmarket population was 32 years of age, 5 years below the Australian median.

76% of people living in Newmarket were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were England 3.4%, New Zealand 2.6%, India 1.9%, China 1.2%, Korea, Republic of 0.7%.

85.6% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 1.1% Mandarin, 1% Italian, 0.7% Cantonese, 0.7% Spanish, 0.6% Korean.

Transport

Via Train, Newmarket Railway Station provides access to regular Queensland Rail City network services on the Ferny Grove railway line arranging travel to the Brisbane CBD, Beenleigh and Ferny Grove.

Via Bus, Newmarket is serviced by Brisbane Transport buses to Chermside, Mitchelton and to The City.

Via Road, Newmarket's main arterials are Enoggera Road which is the main corridor for motorists travelling to The City and Alderley, as well as Newmarket Road which is the main corridor for motorists travelling to Lutwyche.

Education

Newmarket State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 15 Banks Street (27°25′56″S 153°00′14″E / 27.4322°S 153.0040°E / -27.4322; 153.0040 (Newmarket State School)).[17][18] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 263 students with 26 teachers (17 full-time equivalent) and 17 non-teaching staff (10 full-time equivalent).[19]

St Ambrose's Primary School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 23 Davidson Street (27°26′26″S 153°00′21″E / 27.4405°S 153.0059°E / -27.4405; 153.0059 (St Ambrose's Primary School)).[17][20] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 273 students with 20 teachers (16 full-time equivalent) and 13 non-teaching staff (7 full-time equivalent).[19]

Brisbane Urban Environmental Education Centre is an Outdoor and Evironmental Education Centre at 15 Banks Street (27°25′54″S 153°00′17″E / 27.4318°S 153.0048°E / -27.4318; 153.0048 (Brisbane Urban Environmental Education Centre)).[17][21]

Recreation

Newmarket offers a number of options to locals and nearby residents. The Brisbane City Council operates a public swimming pool in Sedgeley Park, on Alderson Street. Enoggera Creek, which forms the southern boundary of Newmarket, contains a linear park and bikeway. The suburb has several sporting ovals, including Spencer Park, which is home to former NSL and current Brisbane Premier League team Brisbane City Football Club and Windsor Royals Baseball Club, and McCook Park, which is home to Newmarket SFC soccer club.

The first stage of the Newmarket Shopping Centre opened in 2005. The shopping centre contains a Coles supermarket, post office, Commonwealth Bank of Australia branch, newsagent and several specialty stores. There is also a cinema complex recently built.[22] The historic Newmarket Hotel, established 1897, has been completely renovated and is now a buzzing hive of activity most nights of the week. Both the Newmarket Hotel and shopping centre are located on the corner of Newmarket Road and Enoggera Road, at Newmarket. Brisbane Mexican cuisine pioneers Pepe's Mexican Restaurant moved to Newmarket in 2006.

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Newmarket (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Enoggera Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Newmarket - suburb in City of Brisbane (entry 44140)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Enoggera Expectant". The Telegraph (8, 594). Queensland, Australia. 6 June 1900. p. 4 (SECOND EDITION). Retrieved 4 August 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  5. ^ "TRAMWAY CONSTRUCTION". The Brisbane Courier. LIX, (14, 006). Queensland, Australia. 2 December 1902. p. 6. Retrieved 4 August 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "NEWMARKET TRAM EXTENSION". The Brisbane Courier. LX, (14, 208). Queensland, Australia. 28 July 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 4 August 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  7. ^ a b "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Newmarket Brickworks Chimney (entry 601357)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  9. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (17, 268). Queensland, Australia. 7 April 1928. p. 16. Retrieved 30 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ "The McCook Estate Kelvin Grove". State Library Queensland. 1928. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  11. ^ "BEST IN THIS HEMISPHERE". Daily Standard (5883). Queensland, Australia. 23 November 1931. p. 7. Retrieved 4 August 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "St Ambrose's School, Newmarket". St Ambrose's Catholic School. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
  13. ^ "History of the School". St Ambrose's Catholic School. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
  14. ^ "Newmarket Air Raid Shelter (entry 602482)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Newmarket State School (entry 650020)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Wilston House (entry 600344)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  17. ^ a b c "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Newmarket State School". Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  19. ^ a b "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  20. ^ "St Ambrose's Primary School". Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  21. ^ "Brisbane Urban Environmental Education Centre". Archived from the original on 24 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Reading International, About Us - Introduction". Archived from the original on 23 January 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2012.

External links