Mount Gravatt, Queensland

Mount Gravatt is the name of both a suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia and a prominent hill in this suburb. The suburb is situated in the south-east of the city and was one of Brisbane's largest. This was before it was divided into Mount Gravatt East, Upper Mount Gravatt and Mount Gravatt South; the last being changed to Wishart in the early 1990s. At the 2016 Australian Census, the suburb recorded a population of 3,366.[1]

History

Mount Gravatt hill was named in 1840 after Lieutenant George Gravatt who was the commander of the Moreton Bay Settlement for two months in 1839.[3] Gravatt was later transferred to India where he died in 1843.[4]

Mount Gravatt State School was opened on the 29 June 1874.[5]

In 1888, 3 sections of 107 allotments, 6 and 7 acres were advertised to be auctioned on November 24th as 'The Abdington Estate Mount Gravatt'.[6][7]

Crowd observing the first tram through the suburb in 1951

Between 1953 and 1969 electric trams ran from the suburb into Brisbane's Central Business District (CBD) along Logan Road.[3] As Mount Gravatt was the end of the line, part of the area was known locally as "The Terminus".

Mount Gravatt East State School (in neighbouring Mount Gravatt East) was opened on 29 August, 1955.[5]

Mount Gravatt State High School opened in 1960.[5]

St Agnes Catholic Primary School opened on 1 January 1962.[5]

The Mount Gravatt Library opened in 1967.[8]

St Catherine's School (in neighbouring Wishart) opened on 4 March 1971.[5]

Griffith University (in neighbouring Nathan) opened its main campus in 1975.[9]

Yarranlea State School opened in Yarranlea (in the Toowoomba Region) on 22 January 1883 and closed on 9 December 1977. In 1979 it was relocated to Mount Gravatt College of Advanced Education (a teacher training institution) as a museum school. It was then relocated to the Griffith University campus and reopened on 27 January 1987,[5] known as Old Yarranlea State School) to provide teacher training in a one-teacher school environment (typical of schools in many regional communities of Queensland).To that end, enrolments in the school were limited to 18 students. However, the school was closed at the end 2013 due to not being financially viable.[10] Due to the support of parents and the public, it reopened as Yarranlea Primary School (an independent school) in July 2014.[11]

Transport

Since the closure of the tram network in 1969, the public transport has been provided by buses operated by Brisbane Transport and a local bus company the Mount Gravatt Bus Service. The South East Busway is connected by a service from Mount Gravatt Central to the Busway terminal at Griffith University.

Facilities

The Mount Gravatt Showgrounds are an important centre for cultural and community activities and the site of the annual Mount Gravatt Show, an agricultural fair.[12] The grounds are positioned on Logan Road, opposite the mega-church, Hillsong Brisbane Campus (formerly known as Garden City Christian Church).

The Brisbane City Council operates a public library at 8 Creek Road.[13]

Lookout

Panorama from Mount Gravatt, looking north to Brisbane

Mount Gravatt Lookout is accessible via Shire Road which winds its way past water towers up to the lookout carpark and a communications tower. Furthermore, there is a large cave complex located on a walking trail on the southern slope of the mountain (Latitude: 27.544184º S Longitude:153.076841º).

Demographics

Lookout kiosk

The suburb is populated by middle class, young families seeking stability.[14] Mount Gravatt was once a popular destination of German, Irish and English Immigrants to Australia after World War 1 and 2. The suburb has a growing number of Southern Europeans (mostly from Greece and Italy).[citation needed]

In Mount Gravatt common birthplaces outside of Australia included New Zealand 3.2%, England 3.1%, India 2.1%, China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 1.0% and South Africa 1.0%.

Languages other than English spoken at home included Arabic 1.1%, Mandarin 1.0%, Punjabi 1.0%, Greek 0.7% and Italian 0.7%.[15]

Education

Mount Gravatt State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 1263 Logan Road (27°31′57″S 153°04′26″E / 27.5326°S 153.0740°E / -27.5326; 153.0740 (Mount Gravatt State School)).[16][17] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 231 students with 24 teachers (17 full-time equivalent) and 18 non-teaching staff (11 full-time equivalent).[18] It includes a special education program.[16]

Mount Gravatt State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at Loreburn Street (27°32′06″S 153°04′25″E / 27.5350°S 153.0735°E / -27.5350; 153.0735 (Mount Gravatt State High School)).[16][19] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 1196 students with 98 teachers (91 full-time equivalent) and 43 non-teaching staff (31 full-time equivalent).[18] It includes a special education program.[16][20]

St Agnes School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 29 Tudor Street (27°31′56″S 153°04′20″E / 27.5322°S 153.0722°E / -27.5322; 153.0722 (St Agnes School)).[16][21] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 312 students with 29 teachers (20 full-time equivalent) and 21 non-teaching staff (11 full-time equivalent).[18]

Yarranlea Primary School is a private primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 176 Messines Ridge Road (27°32′24″S 153°03′46″E / 27.5399°S 153.0628°E / -27.5399; 153.0628 (Yarranlea Primary School)).[16][22] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 25 students with 4 teachers (2 full-time equivalent) and 4 non-teaching staff (2 full-time equivalent).[18]

Sport

Mount Gravatt is represented by

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mount Gravatt (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 March 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Holland Park Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Queensland Places". Archived from the original on 7 January 2011.
  4. ^ Appleton, Richard and Barbara (1992). The Cambridge Dictionary of Australian Places. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-39506-2.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  6. ^ "The Abingdon Estate Mount Gravatt". 24 November 1888. hdl:10462/deriv/398708. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ "Classified Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. XLV, (9, 6228). Queensland, Australia. 22 November 1888. p. 8. Retrieved 30 April 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  8. ^ "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 11. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Ceremony to Commence Teaching". Griffith University. Archived from the original on 12 March 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  10. ^ Moore, Tony (23 July 2013). "Education Queensland urged to save Old Yarranlea School". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Yarranlea History". Yarralea Primary School. Archived from the original on 4 March 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Mt Gravatt Showgrounds". Archived from the original on 22 February 2017.
  13. ^ "Library opening hours and locations". Brisbane City Council. 3 January 2018. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  14. ^ Timms, Duncan (1975). The Urban Mosaic: Towards a Theory of Residential Differentiation. CUP Archive. p. 112. ISBN 0521099889. Archived from the original on 24 February 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  15. ^ "2011 Census QuickStats: Mount Gravatt". quickstats.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  16. ^ a b c d e f "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Mount Gravatt State School". Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  18. ^ a b c d "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  19. ^ "Mount Gravatt State High School". Archived from the original on 13 December 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  20. ^ "Mount Gravatt SHS - Special Education Program". Archived from the original on 13 December 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  21. ^ "St Agnes School". Archived from the original on 28 July 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Yarranlea Primary School". Archived from the original on 27 February 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  23. ^ "Mt Gravatt Vultures". Archived from the original on 6 November 2016.
  24. ^ "AFL Queensland Premiers". Archived from the original on 22 February 2017.

External links

Coordinates: 27°32′24″S 153°04′05″E / 27.54°S 153.068°E / -27.54; 153.068