Mount Crosby is both a mountain and an outer western locality in the City of Brisbane, Australia located 22 kilometres (14 mi) south-west of the Brisbane CBD.[2][3]

Geography

The locality of Mount Crosby is bounded in part by the Brisbane River (known by locals as the "Devil's elbow"), Mount Crosby Road, Lake Manchester Road and Swensons Road.

The Brisbane River, Mount Crosby and the adjoining State Forest are the dominant natural features of the area.

History

Pumping engine at the Mount Crosby waterworks, 2017

The Jagera Aboriginal people inhabited areas in Mount Crosby and they had ceremonial grounds on the slopes of Mount Elphinstone and at Bellbowrie, Queensland.

The first Europeans to enter the Mount Crosby region were John Oxley and Allan Cunningham.

The Crosby postal receiving office opened on 1 January 1882; it was renamed Mount Crosby receiving office in June 1917. It became a full post office in about 1924.[4]

In May 1881 tenders were called for the erection of a provisional school in Lower Kholo (now Mount Crosby).[5] Mount Crosby Provisional School opened on 30 January 1882 with 22 pupils under teacher Arthur Leigh.[6] It closed on 31 December 1892, but soon reopened on 11 September 1893 as Mount Crosby State School under head teacher Samuel Rea.[7][8][9]

The Mount Crosby Pumping Station is a major landmark. A tramway was built from Tivoli to convey coal from the Ipswich Coalfield to the station.[10] In the early 1940s about 40 acres (160,000 m2) of land was sold to Scouts Australia. This was developed as the .

Kholo, Mount Crosby and Karana Downs were transferred from the City of Ipswich to became part of the City of Brisbane in 2000.[11]

In the 2016 census, Mount Crosby had a population of 1,832 people, a growth of 104 since 2011.[1][12]

Education

Mount Crosby State School is a government co-education primary (P-6) school located on the eastern side of Mount Crosby Road in neighbouring Karana Downs (27°33′03″S 152°48′26″E / 27.550919°S 152.807199°E / -27.550919; 152.807199 (Mount Crosby State School)).[13]

Amenities

Mount Crosby is serviced by a fortnightly visit of the Brisbane City Council's mobile library service outside the Mt Crosby State School on Mt Crosby Road.[14]

Demographics

2016

In the 2016 census the population of Mount Crosby was 1,832, 50.6% female and 49.4% male.[12] The median age of the Mount Crosby population was 39 years of age.[1] 72.9% of people living in Mount Crosby were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 66.7%; the next most common countries of birth were England 6.9%, South Africa 3.3%, New Zealand 2.9%, Germany 1.1%, United States of America 0.7%.[12] 90.6% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were Afrikaans 1.1%, German 1%, Mandarin 0.8%, Dutch 0.4%, Persian (excluding Dari) 0.4%.[12]

60.7% of residents worked full-time, while a further 31.1% worked part-time, and 3.5% and 4.6% were away from work and unemployed respectively.[12] All employment statistics within Mount Crosby were above the state and national levels as of the 2016 census.

2011

In the 2011 census the population of Mount Crosby was 1,728, 49.9% female and 50.1% male.[1] The median age of the Mount Crosby population was 37 years of age.[1] 74.2% of people living in Mount Crosby were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were England 7.2%, South Africa 3.2%, New Zealand 2.9%, United States of America 0.9%, Germany 0.8%.[1] 90.5% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 0.8% German, 0.6% Afrikaans, 0.5% Russian, 0.3% Persian (excluding Dari), 0.3% Mandarin.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Mount Crosby (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 June 2014. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Mount Crosby (mountain) (entry 8850)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  3. ^ "Mount Crosby (locality) (entry 23006)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Advertising". Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald And General Advertiser. XXI (2923). Queensland, Australia. 7 May 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 19 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "Mount Crosby State School newsletter" (PDF). Mount Crosby State School. 13 August 2015. p. 17. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 November 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  8. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  9. ^ "Agency ID259, Mount Crosby State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  10. ^ Former Mt. Crosby Tramway Revisited Behan, E.D. Australian Railway History, July 2005 pp258-276
  11. ^ "Council History". Ipswich City Council. 4 March 2014. Archived from the original on 19 November 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mount Crosby". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 May 2020. Edit this at Wikidata
  13. ^ "Queensland State and Non-State Schools". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  14. ^ "Mobile library services". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.

External links

Coordinates: 27°32′24″S 152°48′14″E / 27.540°S 152.804°E / -27.540; 152.804