Kedron is centred on Gympie Road and Kedron Brook. It is close to Westfield Chermside shopping centre in the neighbouring suburb of Chermside. Kedron is an inner-northern suburb that neighbours Stafford, Chermside, Wavell Heights, Wooloowin, Lutwyche, and Nundah. Despite the similarity in names, the Brisbane suburbs of Kedron and Upper Kedron are 15.3 kilometres apart.
Missionaries originally settled in the Nundah area in 1838. These missionaries were granted 500 acres (2.0 km2) alongside the watercourse they named Kedron Brook, after a famous valley near Jerusalem. The suburb takes its name from the brook.
The first land sales commenced in 1857. Alexander and Amelia Barron settled in the area in 1856. James and Claude Barron worked as a blacksmiths on the corner of Gympie and Stafford Roads.
Alfred Lutwyche, Queensland's first judge, purchased 50 acres (20 ha) in 1862. He named his residence Kedron Lodge. This heritage-listed residence is located on the border between Kedron and Wooloowin and is now considered part of the affluent Kalinga district of Wooloowin.
In 1864/1865, Henry Craig settled on land now occupied by Lutwyche Cemetery. He planted the large bunya pines along Gympie Road and lived there until his death in 1877. The cemetery was established in 1878 and was originally named Kedron Brook Cemetery. It was later renamed Lutwyche Cemetery to commemorate Alfred Lutwyche.
William Shaw and family arrived in 1865 and constructed the family residence "Shaw Villa" overlooking Kedron Brook
On 30 November 1866, the locality's first church, St. Andrew's Church of England, was established.
When gold was discovered in Gympie in 1868, a bridge was constructed over the Kedron Brook to permit an alternative northerly route. This route would become known as Gympie Road. In 1868, the Edinburgh Castle Hotel was built by George Orr. The hotel was originally situated on the opposite side of Edinburgh Castle Road. A new brick hotel was completed in 1892. It was demolished in 1959 and yet other structure built on the site.
The Kedron Park Hotel was established by Frederick Morris in 1881.
In 1887, Michael Gallagher and family established the Kedron Tannery, which was very successful and became known Australia-wide.
Paul Maggs and family settled in the 1860s. In 1889 he built the Edinburgh Tannery alongside Kedron Creek at the end of Nundah Street.
The Kedron Park was set aside along Kedron Brook, adjacent to the Kedron Park Hotel. It once contained the Kedron Park Racecourse. In 1888 shares were offered in the Kedron Park Racecourse and Sports Ground Co Ltd. A formal race program was held in 1889 but saw little use in the following years. James Sharp purchased the racecourse in 1911 and changed many hands before it was finally closed in 1931 following a Royal Commission into racing. In 1955, Kedron Park was resumed for educational building purposes. The , then Queensland University of Technology, and now Queensland State Emergency Service has occupied the site.
In 1891 John and Abigail King's general store was built on Gympie Road opposite the intersection with Somerset Road. In the early 1890s, King became the first postmaster for Kedron, adopted the name Kedron for the locality. The name was not officially recognised until 1901.
In 1904, Part of Kedron, Lutwyche and Wooloowin were incorporated into the Town of Windsor.
In 1913, the Presbyterian Church was established and gained full church status in 1945.
In 1914, the tram service was extended from Windsor to the Kedron Park Hotel. It was further extended to the Lutwyche Cemetery in 1925.
In 1923, the Catholic Church was established.
In 1925, the Methodist Church was established. First services were held in the Wintergarden Theatre.
In September 1925, approximately 55 to 96 residential allotments of the second section of "Kedron View Estate" were advertised to be auctioned by Cameron Bros, being subdivisions of portion 87 in the Parish of Kedron. A map advertising the auction includes a locality map of the area and states the allotments were within 5 minutes' walk of the new tram terminus, with electric lights at the corner of Turner and Richmond Roads, and water mains in Richmond Road.
In April 1926, approximately 75 allotments of "Scriven's Paddock" (being subdivisions 1 to 38, 43 to 70, and 75, of portion 141 in the Parish of Kedron), described as "parklike blocks," were advertised to be auctioned by Isles, Love & Co Limited. A map advertising the auction includes a local sketch of the area and states the allotments were situated on Kitchener Road, off Main Gympie Road within 3 minutes of the Kedron Tram Terminus.
In April 1928, 31 allotments of the "Richmond Estate" were advertised to be auctioned by Isles, Love, & Co Limited, being resubdivisions of portion 101 in the Parish of Kedron. A map advertising the auction includes a locality map of the area and states the allotments were within a few chains of the Kedron Tramline and close to the shopping center, schools, and churches.
Other notable pioneer families include the Scriven and Robinson families. Many households speak another language other than English, many of these include Chinese, Hindi, Italian and Vietnamese.
St James' Anglican Church at 28 Tenth Avenue (corner of Glen Kedron Lane, Horace Henry Dixon. Its closure on 14 March 1987 was approved by Assistant Bishop George Browning. On 20 March 1988 the Brisbane Cantonese Gospel Church took over the church building. It later was renamed Brisbane Cantonese Christian Church.) was dedicated on 6 November 1960 by Coadjutor Bishop
The Brisbane Cantonese Christian Church is at 20 Tenth Avenue (). The church conducts non-denominational Christian services t in English and Cantonese.
In the 2011 census, Kedron recorded a population of 8,594 people, 51.4% female and 48.6% male.
The median age of the Kedron population was 34 years of age, 3 years below the Australian median.
76.1% of people living in Kedron were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 3.2%, England 2.8%, India 1.4%, Italy 1.1%, Philippines 0.9%.
84.7% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 2% Italian, 0.6% Mandarin, 0.5% Tagalog, 0.5% Cantonese, 0.5% Spanish.
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