Hemmant is a suburb of the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[4] In the 2016 census, Hemmant had a population of 2,385 people.[1]

Geography

Hemmant is 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) by road east of the Brisbane CBD.

Hemmant is bounded by the Brisbane River to the north and Bulimba Creek to the west.[5]

The Fishermans Islands freight railway line and the Cleveland railway line run parallel through the suburb from west (Murarrie) to east (Wynnum West). The Hemmant railway station serves the suburb with passenger services on the Cleveland line (27°26′50″S 153°07′38″E / 27.4473°S 153.127345°E / -27.4473; 153.127345 (Hemmant railway station)).[5]

The Port of Brisbane Motorway and Lytton Road both enter the suburb from the west (Murarrie) and exit to the north-west (Lytton). The destination for both routes is ultimately the Port of Brisbane.[5]

The land north of the railway lines (where the major roads pass through) is principally used for industrial purposes influenced by the proximity of and access to the port, while south of the railway lines is mostly residential use.[5]

History

The suburb of Hemmant was named after William Hemmant.
Sugar mills with South Sea Islander workers posing.

In 1858 the land of Hemmant area was sold for fruit, vegetable growing and farming in general. Early 1860s sugar cane was farmed and mills were built to process the cane. Gibsons Clydesdale mill was well known as was a co-operative mill at Murarrie in 1872.

Bulimba State School (also known as Bulimba Creek State School) opened on 8 May 1864, but was renamed Doughboy State School in 1869. in 1876 it was renamed Hemmant State School. The school closed in 2010. The buildings were then reused to establish Hemmant Flexible Learning Centre.[6][7][8] (This school is unrelated to the Bulimba State School in Bulimba).

Tingalpa Cemetery had its first burial in 1875. In 1913 it was renamed Hemmant Cemetery. Lawn cemeteries were added from 1952. In 2001 a crematorium opened at the cemetery.[9] Despite the name change, as at 2020, it is within the boundaries of Tingalpa and not Hemmant (27°28′05″S 153°08′04″E / 27.4680°S 153.1344°E / -27.4680; 153.1344 (Hemmant Cemetery)).[5]

Part of Hemmant was originally known as "Doughboy Creek" The whole district had been named after William Hemmant a local parliamentarian in 1876. He was treasurer in the Macalister government and between 1873 and 1876 represented the Bulimba electorate.[10][4]

Real estate map of Queensport Aquarium Estate, Hemmant, 1889

In 1889 Queensport Aquarium opened in Hemmant (the present-day location is Aquarium Avenue in Murarrie, 27°26′49″S 153°06′07″E / 27.447°S 153.102°E / -27.447; 153.102 (Queensport Aquarium)).[11] It had a zoo, an aquarium and dance halls and other entertainments. Visitors arrived by riverboats until the 1893 flood during which the animals were rescued but the attractions were damaged closed down. It had closed by the late 1890s,[11] but a dance hall contined to operate until 1901.[10]

St Joseph the Worker Catholic Church opened on 25 September 1955.[12]

St Philip's Anglican Church was dedicated on 3 May 1964 by Coadjutor Bishop Hudson. It closed circa 1975.[13]

In 1988 an old quarry site became the Hemmant Quarry Reserve, next to the Hemmant Cemetery (which, despite their names, are now within the boundaries of Tingalpa not Hemmant).[14]

Population growth

Census Date Population
1911 292
1921 432
1947 614
1976 1,426
1991 1,579
2001 2,209
2006 2,680[15]
2011 2,594[16]
2016 2,385.[1]

Demographics

In the 2011 census, Hemmant recorded a population of 2,594 people, 50.4% female and 49.6% male.[16]

The median age of the Hemmant population was 34 years of age, 3 years below the Australian median.

74.9% of people living in Hemmant were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 8.2%, England 3.3%, Philippines 1.6%, Fiji 0.8%, China 0.5%.

88.4% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 0.8% Cantonese, 0.8% Hindi, 0.5% Tagalog, 0.5% Filipino, 0.5% Vietnamese.

Heritage listings

Hemmant has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • 214, 241, 228 and 274 Fleming Road: Hemmant Gun Battery (also known as Hemmant Gun Emplacements, 390 Heavy Anti-Aircraft Gun Station Class A)[17]
  • 49 Gosport Street: Queensport Hotel[18]
  • 60 Gross Avenue: Early Farmhouse[19]
  • 56 Hemmant-Tingalpa Road: Hemmant State School and Dumbarton (also known as Doughboy Creek Mixed School, Bulimba Creek School, Ashcroft House, Gibson House, Hemmant Flexible Learning Centre)[20]
  • 69 Hemmant-Tingalpa Road: Hemmant Christian Community Church (also known as Tingalpa Wesleyan Methodist Church, Hemmant Methodist Church, Hemmant Uniting Church)[21]
  • 109 Hemmant-Tingalpa Road (corner of Boonoo Street): Anning Monument (also known as Hemmant Boer War Memorial)[22]
  • 180 Youngs Road: former United States Army Transmitting Station[23]

Schools

Hemmant Flexible Learning Centre is a Catholic secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at 56 Hemmant-Tingalpa Road (27°26′53″S 153°07′36″E / 27.4480°S 153.1268°E / -27.4480; 153.1268 (Hemmant Flexible Learning Centre)).[24][25] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 97 students with 10 teachers (8 full-time equivalent) and 12 non-teaching staff (9 full-time equivalent).[26]

There are no government schools in Hemmant. The nearest government primary schools are in Murarrie, Tingalpa, Wynnum, and Wynnum West. The nearest government secondary school is Brisbane Bayside State College in Wynnum West.[5]

Amenities

St Joseph the Worker Church is a Roman Catholic church on the corner of Youngs Road and Peplow Street where mass is celebrated every Sunday (27°27′13″S 153°08′19″E / 27.4536°S 153.1386°E / -27.4536; 153.1386 (St Joseph the Worker Catholic Church)).[12]

The Hemmant Quarry Reserve (immediately adjacent in Tingalpa) is 24 hectares (59 acres) and has walking tracks and picnic facilities.[14]

Transport

Hemmant railway station provides access to regular Queensland Rail City network services to Brisbane and Cleveland.

References

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hemmant (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Find a postcode". Australia Post. Archived from the original on 24 August 2011. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
  3. ^ "Doboy Ward". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Hemmant - suburb in City of Brisbane (entry 50242)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  6. ^ "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  7. ^ "Hemmant Flexible Learning Centre". Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  8. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  9. ^ "Hemmant Cemetery & Crematorium". Australian Cemeteries Index. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Queensland places". Archived from the original on 2 March 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  11. ^ a b "'Tiger, Roller-Coasters and Special Effects: Brisbane's 19th-Century Dreamworld'". Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  12. ^ a b "St Joseph the Worker Church, Hemmant". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane. Archived from the original on 22 March 2019. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Closed Churches". Anglican Church of Southern Queensland. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2019.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  14. ^ a b "Hemmant Quarry Reserve". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 1 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  15. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Hemmant (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
  16. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Hemmant, Qld (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 October 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  17. ^ "6 (390) Australian Anti-Aircraft Battery (entry 601353)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  18. ^ "Queensport Hotel". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Early Farmhouse". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Hemmant State School and Dumbarton (entry 602382)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  21. ^ "Hemmant Christian Community Church (entry 600221)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  22. ^ "Anning Monument (Boer War Memorial) (entry 600220)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  23. ^ "United States Army Transmitting Station (former)". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  24. ^ "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  25. ^ "Hemmant Flexible Learning Centre". Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  26. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.

Further reading

External links

  • "Hemmant". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland.