Freeways in Australia
This is a list of freeways (or motorways/expressways) in Australia, sorted by states and territories and their corresponding routes. This list includes tollways / toll roads such as the CityLink freeway system in Melbourne. This list has over 70 entries. The only jurisdiction in Australia without freeways is the Northern Territory. Victoria has the largest and densest freeway network in Australia.
Australian Capital Territory
New South Wales
New South Wales has the second largest number and second highest density of motorways in Australia, with the majority being located in Sydney City or the metropolitan areas.
Sydney region (Urban Motorways)
- Gore Hill Freeway
- Warringah Freeway
- Sydney Harbour Tunnel (fully electronically tolled for southbound traffic)
- Cahill Expressway
- Eastern Distributor (fully electronically tolled for northbound traffic)
- Southern Cross Drive
- General Holmes Drive, the Airport Tunnel
- Westlink M7 (fully electronically tolled)
Rural region (Rural Motorways)
- Pacific Motorway (Northern NSW, from Ballina to QLD border)
- Pacific Motorway (Sydney to Newcastle) (Formerly known as the F3)
- Pacific Highway, 78% of which is of motorway or dual carriageway standard.
- Princes Motorway (Formerly known as the F6)
- Princes Highway, 16% of which is of motorway or dual carriageway standard.
- NorthConnex (Major multibillion-dollar tollway/tunnel, connecting the M1 Pacific Motorway to M2 Hills Motorway) - To be completed by 2020
- WestConnex (Major multibillion-dollar tollway/tunnels, connecting the M4 Western Motorway to A4 Western Distributor and M5 East) - To be Complete by 2023.
- Western Sydney Airport Motorway (Major multimillion-dollar motorway, connecting the future Western Sydney Airport to M7 Westlink)
- Western Harbour Tunnel & Beaches Link (Major multibillion-dollar tollway/tunnels, connecting WestConnex with the Gore Hill Freeway and Northern Beaches)
- Ipswich Motorway (Goodna to Dinmore)
- Logan Motorway (Electronically Tolled)
- Gateway Motorway (Electronically Tolled)
- Warrego Highway (Dinmore to Muirlea)
- Ipswich Motorway (Goodna to Archerfield)
- Airport Link Tunnel (Electronically Tolled)
- Clem Jones Tunnel (Clem7) (Electronically Tolled)
- Deagon Deviation
Gold Coast region
Sunshine Coast region
(Helidon Spa to Charlton)
In South Australia, expressway may refer to a controlled access highway with no at-grade intersections or a limited access road of slightly lower standard with at-grade intersections at some locations. Currently there are three constructed expressways within Adelaide.
Unlike some other states, South Australia only uses the 'M' designation on grade separated freeways
- North-South Motorway which currently consists of:
- Southern Expressway
- Northern Expressway
- Gawler Bypass - freeway grade road
- Northern Connector (proposed new road connecting the M2 North-South Motorway to M20 Max Fatchen Expressway) - Major construction commenced in 2016 and is due to be complete by the end of 2019.
- Darlington Upgrade of 3.3km of South Road due to be complete in 2019.
While the overall quality of Tasmania's highway network has been constructed to a high standard, its grade separated freeway network is limited. In the past, Hobart and Launceston have each had comprehensive transport studies conducted, proposing grade separated freeways running through and around them. While some of these roads have been constructed, the majority are limited access featuring at-grade intersections. Devonport and Burnie are the only major population centres with freeway standard roads linking each other. There has been repeated proposals in recent years to fully upgrade the Midland Highway to grade separated freeway standards.
This List is limited to Tasmania's freeway-standard roads.
- Bass Highway (Burnie to Devonport and Prospect to Illawarra Main Road)
- Midland Highway (South Launceston to Breadalbane)
Victoria has the largest number and highest density of freeways in Australia, with the majority being located in Melbourne City or the metropolitan areas.
The reason behind Victoria having a high density of arterial roads, highways and freeways, is due to most of Australia having a low population density over a large area, where towns are sparse or located a significant distance from each other; but with Victoria having towns located throughout the entire state, with large numbers of inhabitants, in both urban and rural areas (many of which are major) such as Ballarat or Bendigo.
Melbourne region (Urban freeways)
- Speed limit varies between 60 km/h and 100 km/h.
- CityLink (Southern Link, Fully electronically tolled)
- Monash Freeway
- Princes Freeway (from Werribee-Main Road or Duncans Road)
- West Gate Freeway (also Tourist Route 2 )
Rural region (Rural freeways)
- Speed limit varies between 100 km/h and 110 km/h.
- Princes Freeway (West)
(Melbourne to Werribee section is classified as an 'Urban Freeway'.)
- Geelong Ring Road
- Princes Freeway (East)
(Narre Warren to Pakenham section is classified as an 'Urban Freeway'.)
Note: 'East' and 'West' sections are officially part of the same freeway and route corridor.
- Princes Highway Duplication (Winchelsea to Colac) - Expected to be Complete by mid 2019.
- Princes Highway Duplication (Traralgon to Sale) - Expected to be Complete by mid 2019.
- West Gate Tunnel (Major multibillion-dollar tollway/tunnel, connecting the M1 West Gate Freeway to M2 Citylink) - Currently in Planning Phase - Expected to be complete in 2022.
- Western Highway Duplication (Buangor to Stawell) - Currently Suspended, Commenced Construction in 2017
- North East Link (Major multibillion-dollar tollway/tunnel, connecting the M80 Ring Road to M3 Eastern Freeway) - Currently in Planning Phase - To be Complete by 2027.
Western Australia has three freeways – Kwinana Freeway, Mitchell Freeway, and Graham Farmer Freeway – as well as sections of several highways which are subject to control of access and only have grade-separated intersections.:3 Such highways may be described as freeway-standard or expressway-standard.
- State Route 2
- State Route 3
- State Route 4
- State Route 7
- Leach Highway (Airport Drive to Welshpool Road)
- State Route 8
Rural region (Rural freeways)
- Tonkin Hwy Extension (Hepburn Ave to Great Northern Highway, Muchea)
- Mitchell Freeway Extension (Hester Ave to Romeo Road)
- Roe Highway (Kalamunda Road grade separation)
- North Lake Road / Armadale Road upgrade (Kwinana Freeway to Tapper Road)
- Mitchell Freeway Extension (Romeo Rd to Moore River)
- Roe Highway Extension (Perth Freight Link) (Kwinana Freeway to Stirling Highway)
- Roe Highway upgrade (Kalamunda Road to Great Eastern Highway Bypass, Morrison Road to Great Northern Highway)
- Reid Highway upgrade (Erindale Road to Mitchell Freeway, Altone Road to Great Northern Highway)
- Tonkin Highway upgrade (Hale Road to Mills Road)
- Tonkin Highway upgrade (Champion Drive to Thomas Road)
- Tonkin Highway Extension (Thomas Road to South Western Highway, Pinjarra)
- Bunbury Outer Ring Road (Forrest Highway to Bussell Highway)
- Great Eastern Highway Bypass upgrade (Roe Highway to Great Eastern Highway)
- 'Orange Route' - (Roe Highway, Stratton to Great Eastern Highway, Wundowie)
- Whiteman-Yanchep Highway (Tonkin Highway/Gnangara Road to Mitchell Freeway (proposed)/Yachep Beach Road)
- Stephenson Freeway (Oceanic Drive, City Beach to Mitchell Freeway, Stirling)
- Fremantle-Rockingham Highway - Upgrade of Stock and Rockingham Roads (Forrest Road/Roe Highway to Naval Base) and Extension (Naval Base to Ennis Avenue, Cooloongup)
- Highways in Australia
- Highway 1
- National Highway (Australia)
- Transport in Australia
- Road transport in Australia
- Toll roads in Australia
- List of roads and highways
- List of Australian airports
- List of Australian ports
- "Project Scope". T2T Alliance. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- "Plan for four-lane Midland Highway". The Examiner. December 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- "Abbott Doorstop in Launceston - Midland Highway upgrade". Liberal Party of Australia. February 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- "PTUA - 'The Alternative to Melbourne's Freeway Explosion'". Retrieved 26 July 2007.
- Main Roads Western Australia (10 April 2018). "Control of Access". Road Information Mapping. Government of Western Australia. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- Main Roads Western Australia. Road Information Mapping System (Map). Government of Western Australia. Map layer "Control of Access".
- "Managed Freeways Policy Discussion Paper" (PDF). Main Roads Western Australia. June 2012. pp. 3, 25–26. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- Main Raods Western Australia (30 November 2018). "News and Information: FAQ's". Northlink WA. Government of Western Australia. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
Tonkin Highway will be upgraded to freeway-standard
- Luff, Bryce (23 January 2019). "Motorists take to new stretch of highway". PerthNow. Seven West Media. Archived from the original on 3 February 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019. Additional archives: 27 March 2019, 27 March 2019.
- Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities. "Perth Airport Gateway WA". Australian Government. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
upgrade of the Leach Highway to expressway standard
- Seeber, Elisia (13 September 2015). "Grand Gateway to Perth Airport opens". PerthNow. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
Leach Highway has been upgraded to expressway standard