The current division is the second to bear the name, and was created in 1949. The division is named after the Australian explorer, John Oxley. Oxley is located in south east Queensland, and covers the south western suburbs of Brisbane.
The original Division of Oxley was established in 1901, and was abolished and replaced by the Division of Griffith in 1934. The 1949 incarnation's best-known member was Bill Hayden, the Labor Opposition Leader between 1977 and 1983, when he resigned under pressure the same day that the 1983 election which swept Bob Hawke to power was called. Hayden later served as a minister in the Hawke Government before becoming Governor-General in 1988.
In 1996, the seat became most well known for controversial social conservative MP Pauline Hanson who was elected as a Liberal-turned-independent, but the seat was heavily redistributed in 1997, splitting her main support base of Ipswich between Oxley and Blair. In 1998 Hanson contested the seat of Blair, winning 36% of the primary vote but losing to the Liberals (who got 21%) under Australia's system of preferential voting. Hanson's brief tenure is the only time in the last half century that the seat has been out of Labor hands.
|Liberal||10 December 1949 –
9 December 1961
|Served as minister under Menzies. Lost seat|
|Labor||9 December 1961 –
17 August 1988
|Served as minister under Whitlam and Hawke. Served as Opposition Leader from 1977 to 1983. Resigned in order to become Governor-General of Australia|
|Labor||8 October 1988 –
2 March 1996
|Independent||2 March 1996 –
11 April 1997
|Attempted to switch to Blair. Later elected to the Senate in 2016|
|One Nation||11 April 1997 –|
3 October 1998
|Labor||3 October 1998 –
9 May 2016
|Labor||2 July 2016 –
|Liberal National||Russell Bauer||31,290||34.57||+2.41|
|One Nation||Janet Lindbom||5,701||6.30||−1.93|
|United Australia||Ian Ferguson||2,368||2.62||+2.62|
|Conservative National||Scott Moerland||1,474||1.63||+1.63|
|Socialist Equality||Mike Head||654||0.72||+0.72|
|Total formal votes||90,523||95.25||−0.75|
|Liberal National||Russell Bauer||39,473||43.61||+2.62|
- Oxley, QLD, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.