Cannon Hill, Queensland

Cannon Hill is a suburb of Brisbane, Australia. In the 2016 census, Cannon Hill had a population of 5533 people.[1]

Geography

The suburb is located 10.4 kilometres (6.5 mi) east of the CBD and borders Carina, Morningside, Murarrie, and Tingalpa.[6]

History

Cannon Hill was originally inhabited by Murris, but they were "dispersed" by the Native Police and Brisbane Mounted Police in November 1861, around the time when European settlement began in the area.[7][8] Some land was used by settlers for farming and grazing, but the area remained mostly bushland.[9]

The suburb is most likely named after Cannon Hill House, a residence formerly located on Wynnum Road.[3][10][7] It was occupied by the Weedon family from its construction in 1867 until burning down in 1927.[7] Thornhill Weedon named the house after two fallen trees which were said to have resembled a cannon.[10]

The Cleveland railway line was opened in 1889 going through Cannon Hill to Cleveland. At the same time blocks of land near the station were offered for sale.

Cannon Hill State School opened on 16 August 1915.[11]

In 1931, Brisbane's sale yards for livestock were relocated from Newmarket to Cannon Hill adjacent to the abattoir. The sale yards at Cannon Hill were described as "a paradise as compared to the old yards at Newmarket" and "possibly the best in the Southern Hemisphere". Specifically the yards had been specially constructed to prevent the bruising of cattle and the meat could be produced more hygenically for both local consumption and export.[12]

Blessed Oliver Plunkett School opened on January 1947 with an initial enrolment of 90 students. It was operated by the Presentation Sisters, a Roman Catholic order of nuns.[11] When Oliver Plunkett was canonised on 12 October 1975 by Pope Paul VI, the school was renamed Saint Oliver Plunkett School. In December 1986 the involvement of the Presentation Sisters in the school ceased and a lay principal was appointed.[13]

In 1994, a Cannon Hill paddock became one of the first places where Hendra virus was transmitted between bats and horses. The infected mare was taken to a training complex, starting an outbreak that eventually killed horse trainer Vic Rail. The paddock has since been turned into housing and parkland in Murarrie.[14]

Heritage listings

Cannon Hill has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Education

Cannon Hill State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 845 Wynnum Road (27°28′05″S 153°05′02″E / 27.4681°S 153.0838°E / -27.4681; 153.0838 (Cannon Hill State School)).[16][17] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 264 students with 23 teachers (19 full-time equivalent) and 18 non-teaching staff (9 full-time equivalent).[18]

St Oliver Plunkett School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 17 Beauvardia Street (27°28′11″S 153°05′03″E / 27.4697°S 153.0843°E / -27.4697; 153.0843 (St Oliver Plunkett School)).[16][19] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 505 students with 34 teachers (31 full-time equivalent) and 20 non-teaching staff (12 full-time equivalent).[18]

Cannon Hill Anglican College is a private primary and secondary (Prep-12) school for boys and girls at the corner of Junction and Krupp Roads (27°27′37″S 153°05′02″E / 27.4603°S 153.0840°E / -27.4603; 153.0840 (Cannon Hill Anglican College)).[16][20] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 1,181 students with 99 teachers (90 full-time equivalent) and 57 non-teaching staff (43 full-time equivalent).[18]

Amenities

Cannon Hill is home to many shops and restaurants. Major shopping centres include the Cannon Hill Shopping Plaza and Urban Village Cannon Hill.

Transport

Cannon Hill is well serviced by public transport and is located in zones 2 and 3 of the TransLink integrated public transport system. Cannon Hill is also serviced by two major roads which allow for easy transportation around the city.

Cannon Hill railway station provides access to regular Queensland Rail City network services to the Brisbane CBD and Cleveland.

The Cannon Hill bus station is a major interchange for the area. Bus routes include to the Brisbane CBD, Chermside, DFO and Carindale.

State Route 20 (Creek Road) - Connects Cannon Hill to Mount Gravatt and Murarrie
State Route 23 (Wynnum Road, Lytton Road, Shafston Road) - Connects Cannon Hill to Kangaroo Point and Tingalpa

Demographics

The 2016 census recorded 5,533 residents in Cannon Hill. The median age of the population was 34; 4 years younger than the Australian average.[1]

68.8% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 3.9% and England 3.3%. 78.9% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin at 2.2%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 32.6%, Catholic 27.2% and Anglican 11.6%.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Cannon Hill, Qld (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 October 2018. Edit this at WikidataCC-BY icon.svg Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License Archived 16 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Find a postcode". Australia Post. Archived from the original on 24 August 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  3. ^ a b Centre for the Government of Queensland. "Cannon Hill". Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Doboy Ward". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Morningside Ward". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b c "Cannon Hill". RE/MAX. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  8. ^ Williams, Brian. "Secrets of Brisbane's suburbs: C". News Ltd. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. "Cannon Hill". Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Cannon Hill (entry 43252)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  11. ^ a b Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  12. ^ "BEST IN THIS HEMISPHERE". Daily Standard (5883). Queensland, Australia. 23 November 1931. p. 7. Retrieved 4 August 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ "Our History". St Oliver Plunkett School. Archived from the original on 4 August 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  14. ^ Quammen, David (2012). Spillover: Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic.
  15. ^ "Cannon Hill State School (entry 602854)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  16. ^ a b c "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Cannon Hill State School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  18. ^ a b c "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  19. ^ "St Oliver Plunkett School". Archived from the original on 9 December 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  20. ^ "Cannon Hill Anglican College". Archived from the original on 26 January 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 27°28′24″S 153°05′48″E / 27.47333°S 153.09667°E / -27.47333; 153.09667