Australian Labor Party (Queensland Branch)

The Australian Labor Party (Queensland Branch), commonly known as Queensland Labor is the Queensland branch of the Australian Labor Party.[3]

History

Trade unionists in Queensland had begun attempting to secure parliamentary representation as early as the mid-1880s. William McNaughton Galloway, the president of the Seamen’s Union, mounted an unsuccessful campaign as an independent in an . A Workers’ Political Reform Association was founded to nominate candidates for the 1888 election, at which the endorsed six candidates. Thomas Glassey won the seat of Bundamba at that election, becoming the first self-identified “labor” MP in Queensland. The Queensland Provincial Council of the was formed in 1889 in an attempt to unite Labor campaign efforts. Tommy Ryan won the seat of Barcoo for the labour movement-run People’s Parliamentary Association in 1892, and the Labor Party was formally established in Queensland following the first Labor-in-Politics Convention later that year.[4]

The Queensland branch subsequently formed the first Labor government in Australia, albeit briefly, when Anderson Dawson took office for a week in 1899 after a falling out between the non-Labor forces.[5]

Since 1989 when the party came back to power after 32 years in Opposition all its leaders have become Premiers despite two spells in Opposition in 1996-98 and 2012-2015.

Parliamentary leaders

The following figures have served as parliamentary leader of the Queensland state Labor Party:[6]

State election results

Election Leader Seats won ± Total votes % ±% Position
1893 Thomas Glassey
16 / 72

Increase16 25,984 33.32% Increase33.3% Opposition
1896
20 / 72

Increase4 28,581 34.97% Increase1.7% Opposition
1899
21 / 72

Increase1 33,756 35.47% Increase0.5% Opposition
1902 William Browne
25 / 72

Increase4 39,579 39.33% Increase3.9% Opposition
1904 William Kidston
34 / 72

Increase9 28,961 36.05% Decrease3.3% Opposition
1907 David Bowman
18 / 72

Decrease16 52,079 26.39% Decrease9.7% Opposition
1908
22 / 72

Increase4 55,771 29.80% Increase3.4% Opposition
1909
27 / 72

Increase5 77,712 36.85% Increase7.1% Opposition
1912
25 / 72

Decrease2 100,878 46.70% Increase9.9% Opposition
1915 T. J. Ryan
45 / 72

Increase20 136,419 52.06% Increase5.4% Majority government
1918
48 / 72

Increase3 180,709 53.68% Increase1.6% Majority government
1920 Ted Theodore
38 / 72

Decrease7 168,455 47.77% Decrease5.9% Majority government
1923
43 / 72

Increase5 175,659 48.13% Increase0.4% Majority government
1926 William McCormack
43 / 72

Steady0 189,968 47.96% Decrease0.2% Majority government
1929
27 / 72

Decrease16 173,242 40.16% Decrease7.8% Opposition
1932 William Forgan Smith
33 / 62

Increase6 225,270 49.89% Increase9.7% Majority government
1935
46 / 62

Increase13 247,135 53.43% Increase3.6% Majority government
1938
44 / 62

Decrease2 250,943 47.17% Decrease6.3% Majority government
1941
41 / 62

Decrease3 267,206 51.41% Increase4.2% Majority government
1944 Frank Cooper
37 / 62

Decrease4 224,888 44.67% Decrease6.7% Majority government
1947 Ned Hanlon
35 / 62

Decrease2 272,103 43.58% Decrease1.1% Majority government
1950
42 / 75

Increase7 295,138 46.87% Increase3.3% Majority government
1953 Vince Gair
50 / 75

Increase8 323,882 53.21% Increase6.3% Majority government
1956
49 / 75

Decrease1 335,311 51.22% Decrease2.0% Majority government
1957 Jack Duggan
20 / 75

Decrease29 201,971 28.90% Decrease22.3% Opposition
1960
25 / 78

Increase5 296,430 39.89% Increase11.0% Opposition
1963
26 / 78

Increase1 337,928 43.83% Increase3.9% Opposition
1966
26 / 78

Steady0 350,254 43.84% Steady0.0% Opposition
1969 Jack Houston
31 / 78

Increase5 383,388 44.99% Increase1.2% Opposition
1972
33 / 82

Increase2 424,002 46.75% Increase1.8% Opposition
1974 Perc Tucker
11 / 82

Decrease22 376,187 36.03% Decrease10.7% Opposition
1977 Tom Burns
23 / 82

Increase12 466,021 42.83% Increase6.8% Opposition
1980 Ed Casey
25 / 82

Increase2 487,493 41.49% Increase1.3% Opposition
1983 Keith Wright
32 / 82

Increase7 579,363 43.98% Increase2.5% Opposition
1986 Nev Warburton
30 / 89

Decrease2 577,062 41.35% Decrease2.6% Opposition
1989 Wayne Goss
54 / 89

Increase24 792,466 50.32% Increase9.0% Majority government
1992
54 / 89

Steady0 850,480 48.73% Decrease1.6% Majority government
1995
45 / 89

Decrease9 773,585 42.89% Decrease5.8% Majority government
1998 Peter Beattie
44 / 89

Decrease1 773,585 38.86% Increase4.0% Minority government
2001
66 / 89

Increase22 1,007,737 48.93% Increase10.1% Majority government
2004
63 / 89

Decrease3 1,011,630 47.01% Decrease1.9% Majority government
2006
59 / 89

Decrease4 1,032,617 46.92% Decrease0.1% Majority government
2009 Anna Bligh
51 / 89

Decrease8 1,002,415 42.25% Decrease4.7% Majority government
2012
7 / 89

Decrease44 652,092 26.66% Decrease15.6% Opposition
2015 Annastacia Palaszczuk
44 / 89

Increase35 983,054 37.47% Increase10.8% Minority government
2017
48 / 93

Increase4 957,890 35.43% Decrease2.0% Majority government

References

  1. ^ “John Battams”. Queensland Labor. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  2. ^ “Julie-Ann Campbell”. Queensland Labor. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  3. ^ “Queensland Labor”. Queensland Labor. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  4. ^ Fitzgerald, Ross & Thornton, Harold. Labor in Queensland: From the 1880s to 1988 (PDF). University of Queensland Press. pp. 1–11.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Fitzgerald, Ross & Thornton, Harold. Labor in Queensland: From the 1880s to 1988. University of Queensland Press. p. 11.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Queensland Parliamentary Record: The 54th Parliament (PDF). Parliament of Queensland.