The area was formerly populated by rural estates, one of which was named 'Auchenflower' by Thomas McIlwraith circa 1880.
In 1975, the first NightOwl convenience store was opened in the suburb.
Auchenflower has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
In the 2016 census, Auchenflower recorded a population of 5,870 people, 50% female and 50% male.
The median age of the Auchenflower population was 31 years of age, 7 years below the Australian median.
67.9% of people were born in Australia., compared to the national average of 66.7; the next most common countries of birth were England 3.2%, New Zealand 2.9%, India 2.2% and China 1.8%.
77.0% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin at 2.1%.
The most common responses for religion were No Religion 38.5% and Catholic 21.4%.
The Wesley Hospital is a private hospital located near the Auchenflower train station.
By bus, Auchenflower is served by most western suburb bus routes operated by Brisbane Transport.
By road, Auchenflower has two main roads through the suburb, Coronation Drive and Milton Road, both running from the Brisbane CBD towards the western suburbs. As of 2006 the "TransApex" traffic proposal touted by the former Lord Mayor, Campbell Newman, involves the construction of a major road tunnel system through Brisbane, including one to run under Toowong, Auchenflower and Milton, possibly along the alignment of Milton Road.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Auchenflower". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Paddington Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
- "Auchenflower (entry 46112)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- Feeney, Katherine (12 January 2011). "Evacuees 'not ok but trying'". Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
- "Raymont Lodge (entry 600051)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Moorlands (entry 600052)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- Clark, Howard R.; Keenan, David R. (1977). Brisbane Tramways - The Last Decade. Transit Press. ISBN 0-909338-01-9. (Reprinted 1985).
- Cole, J.R. (1984). Shaping a City: Greater Brisbane 1925-1985. Brisbane.
- Auchenflower: Queensland Places
- "Auchenflower". BRISbites. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008.
- "Auchenflower". Our Brisbane. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 16 January 2008.
- St Alban The Martyr Anglican Church, Auchenflower
- Family History Photos - St Alban The Martyr Anglican Church, Auchenflower