Ashgrove is a suburb in the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[4] In the 2016 census, Ashgrove had a population of 13,039 people.[1]

Geography

Ashgrove is located approximately 5.1 kilometres (3.2 mi) by road north-west of the Brisbane GPO. Ashgrove is a leafy residential suburb characterised by its hilly terrain and characteristic Ashgrovian houses built in the early 20th century. While many of the surrounding suburbs have seen an increase in the number of residential apartments built in the past decade, Ashgrove remains predominantly a suburb of detached single dwelling houses, with many old Queenslander homes in the area. It contains the localities of Dorrington and St Johns Wood.

History

Ashgrove's native name is 'Kallindarbin'[5] and was originally inhabited by the indigenous 'Turrbal' or 'Duke of York clan'.[6] The main thoroughfare, Waterworks Road, was built on a Turrbal pathway that led to Mount Coot-tha, a place of the 'Honey-Bee Dreaming' and to the Enoggera Reservoir. The first sales of freehold land commenced in 1856, and ceased in 1875 when all available land was sold. Soon after sale of land stopped, the first school (the Ashgrove State School) and post office was established.

"Granite House" in St Johns Wood, 1880

The area remained primarily a farming district until the end of the 19th century, when growth accelerated with the sale of land which housed one of the first homesteads in the area, the 'Granite House' in the area still known as St Johns Wood.

Ashgrove State School opened on 22 January 1877.[7] A preschool centre was attached on 2 May 1944.[8]

In July 1878, 25 lots of the Ithaca Creek Estate portion 664 were offered for sale, surveyed by E. MacDonnell. A plan shows the lots with one frontage to Waterworks Road and the other to Ithaca Creek.[9] A classified advertisement states the estate is situated just beyond the residences of Messrs. E. Hooker, W. Arundell, and Craig, adjoining on the city side the property of Mr C. J. Graham.[10]

Two portions of the Holmesbrook Estate were advertised for sale by auction on 16 December 1878 by John Cameron.[11] The estate was advertised as 160 half acre allotments bordered to the north by Enoggera Creek and to the south by the main Waterworks Road.[12]

Circa 1880, 11 subdivided allotments of "Bristol Estate" were auctioned by J. Barger & Co. A map advertising the auction shows that the Estate is on Main Waterworks Road.[13]

In November 1888, 67 subdivided allotments of "Lilley's Hill" were auctioned by W. J. Hooker. A map advertising the auction shows that the site has frontages to: Main Waterworks Road, Clifton Street, Clifton Terrace, Windsor Road, Oval (Victoria Street) Road, Prospect Terrace, and Charles Street (now Speedy Street).[14][15]

In April 1914, 95 residential sites named as Hawthorn Park, formerly known as Sir Samuel Griffiths Paddock were auctioned by Cameron Brothers.[16] A map advertising the auction states that the estate is four minutes' walk from the Red Hill tram line. The land faces the main Waterworks Road and Woodland Street to the north.[17]

In July 1917 the "Greenwood Estate", made up of 68 allotments surrounding Quandong Street, was advertised to be auctioned by Isles, Love & Co.[18] A map advertising the auction states that the estate was three minutes' walk from the Newmarket tram terminus.[18] The auction was delayed,[19] and was held on 8 September 1917.[20]

In January 1919 Archbishop of Brisbane James Duhig dedicated a chapel at Ashgrove in the house Beth-Eden. It was planned to build a church and school on the site later.[21] On Sunday 24 April 1921 Duhig laid the foundation stone for the church.[22] Onn Sunday 14 August 1921 Duhig officially opened and blessed St Finbarr's Catholic Church.[23] In May 1924 Ashgrove separated from the Red Hill Catholic parish and become an independent parish.[24]

In 1920, the tram line was extended from Red Hill, Queensland to Ashgrove, along Waterworks Road, connecting the suburb with the rest of Brisbane. The tram line closed on Monday 5 August 1968.

In March 1924, the house Glen Lyon and 14 acres (5.7 ha) of surrounding land were purchased by Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane for a Catholic seminary.[25] On Sunday 5 October 1924 Archbishop Duhig blessed the site, noting that Queensland had many candidates for the priesthood who had to be sent to New South Wales for their training, when it was the duty of every diocese to have its own seminary.[26]

Tramdrivers and passengers in a Valley Junction tram at Ashgrove in 1923, on the corner of the Glenlyon Gardens housing estate.

In August 1924, land was advertised for sale in the Glenlyon Gardens Extension, (Fraser's Paddock) estate by T.M. Burke.[27] A map advertising the sale shows the land bordered by Stewart Road to the north (now Frasers Road) and Mirrabooka Road to the east.[28]

In 1925 the house Grantuly at was purchased to establish a Catholic school and a convent. Archbishop Duhig invited the Sisters of Charity (then in Sydney) to establish the school and convent. St Finbarr's Catholic School opened on 1 June 1925.[29][30][31] In 1927 a new primary school was built beside St Finbarr's Catholic Church and Grantuly then become a Catholic secondary school for girls. In 1941 it was became known Mt St Michael's College. The primary school passed into lay leadership in 1981 but the Sisters of Charity Education Council still operate the college.[32]

A map advertised the sale of 800 allotments at Royal Park Estate, now The Gap and St. John's Wood Extension Estate, Ashgrove by F. M. Anglim in August 1927.[33][34]

Oakleigh State School opened on 29 January 1934.[7]

Ashgrove Presbyterian Church opened on Saturday 7 March 1936 at 16 Oleander Avenue.[35] In 1959 it was modified and renamed St David's Presbyterian Church. With the amalgamation of the Presbyterian Church into the Uniting Church of Australia, in 1977 St David's became part of the Ashgrove parish of the Uniting Church. Since at least 1996 it has been a private home. It was listed on the Brisbane Heritage Register on 30 October 2000.[36]

Marist College Ashgrove opened on 29 January 1940. It was established by the Marist Brothers under the leadership of headmaster Brother Ignatius O'Connor.[37][38][39]

On 5 February 1950 Archbishop Duhig laid the foundation stone for Mater Dei Catholic primary school at 7 Lynwood Crescent. On 5 February 1951 the school opened with 50-55 students and two teachers, Sister Sebastian and Sister Patrick of the Sisters of Charity who travelled back and forward between their convent at Grantuly each day. On 5 August 1951 Duhig officially opened the school. On 19 March 1961 Duhig laid the foundation stone for the new convent at Mater Dei which was officially opened and blessed by him on 9 December 1962. With the declining number of Sisters and the increasing employment of lay teachers, in September 1974 the two remaining sisters in parish returned to live at the convent at Grantuly and the Mater Dei convent building was used to expand the school. In 1985 Sister Anne Crowley completed 33 years of service, handing over the leadership of the school to lay principal Greg Lang, ending the Sisters' involvement with the school.[40]

St Paul's Anglican Church was opened on Sunday 15 June 1952 by Archbishop of Brisbane Reginald Halse. Its lychgate containing the church bell was dedicated to the memory of King George VI.[41][42] It replaced an earlier wooden church.[43]

The Anglican Church of the Good Shepherd was dedicated on 23 August 1959 by Archbishop Halse. It had two street frontages at 7 Firhill Street and 21 Baileys Road (27°26′57″S 152°58′17″E / 27.4493°S 152.97129°E / -27.4493; 152.97129 (Anglican Church of the Good Shepherd (former))). Following the construction of St Mark's Anglican Church at The Gap in 1978, declining support for the Church of the Good Shepherd led to its closure on 29 December 1985.[44] It was sold to the Baptist Church and re-opened as the Ashgrove Baptist Church (27°26′58″S 152°58′17″E / 27.4494°S 152.97129°E / -27.4494; 152.97129 (Ashgrove Baptist Church)) on 3 September 1988.[45][46]

The Ashgrove Library opened in 1967 with a major refurbishment in 2011.[47]

In 2006, Ashgrove celebrated 'Ashgrove 150', an event organised by the Ashgrove Historical Society to commemorate 150 years of Ashgrove (1856–2006).[48]

In the 2016 census, Ashgrove had a population of 13,039 people.[1]

Heritage listings

Woodlands, 2015

Ashgrove has many heritage-listed sites.

Locality amalgamation into the suburb of Ashgrove

Dorrington (originally named the suburb of Oakleigh until 1946)[49] and St Johns Wood were suburbs in their own right until they were absorbed into Ashgrove in 1975. To this day these locality names are still in common use, as many residents still associate their residence locations with these former names.[50][51]

Amenities

Shops along Waterworks Road

The suburb contains a variety of multicultural restaurants (Thai, Indian, Italian, Japanese, Chinese, Modern Australian), numerous cafes, various shopping amenities (including Coles, Aldi and Woolworths supermarkets).

The Brisbane City Council operates a public library at 87 Amarina Avenue (27°26′38″S 152°59′13″E / 27.4439°S 152.9870°E / -27.4439; 152.9870 (Ashgrove Public Library)).[52]

St Paul's Anglican Church is at 290 Waterworks Road (corner Jubilee Terrace, 27°26′46″S 152°59′23″E / 27.4462°S 152.9896°E / -27.4462; 152.9896 (St Paul's Anglican Church))

Transport

Bus

Ashgrove is serviced by multiple council buses running along Stewart and Waterworks Roads into the central business district. Ashgrove is also a stop on the route of the cross-town Great Circle Line (598/599) which links the four major shopping malls of Brisbane.

It also hosts the northern terminus of the route 61 Maroon CityGlider which is one of two high profile, frequent, and long span "CityGlider" services strongly promoted by the Brisbane City Council. This service provides a cross town function linking Ashgrove with Paddington boutiques and cafes, Suncorp stadium, Caxton Street food and pub precinct, King George Square in the City Centre, Southbank Parklands and cultural district, 'The Gabba', Woolloongabba dining and antique district and Stones Corner cafe strip and outlet shopping.[53]

Cycling

Ashgrove contains two major bicycle shared paths via Ithaca and Enoggera Creeks which provide a pleasant, mostly flat, off-road and backstreets commuter route to the Royal Brisbane hospital and onwards to the City Centre via the inner northern bikeway. Much of the route winds through pleasant treed parklands.

Education

Ashgrove State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 31 Glory Street (27°26′53″S 152°58′35″E / 27.4481°S 152.9765°E / -27.4481; 152.9765 (Ashgrove State School)).[54][55] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 785 students with 57 teachers (49 full-time equivalent) and 21 non-teaching staff (14 full-time equivalent).[56] It includes a special education program.[54]

Oakleigh State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at Buxton Street (27°26′11″S 152°59′09″E / 27.4365°S 152.9858°E / -27.4365; 152.9858 (Oakleigh State School)).[54][57] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 502 students with 40 teachers (29 full-time equivalent) and 25 non-teaching staff (13 full-time equivalent).[56]

St Finbarr's Catholic Primary School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at Betheden Terrace (27°26′47″S 152°59′39″E / 27.4463°S 152.9941°E / -27.4463; 152.9941 (St Finbarr's Catholic Primary School)).[54][58] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 190 students with 21 teachers (15 full-time equivalent) and 9 non-teaching staff (4 full-time equivalent).[56]

Mater Dei Catholic Primary School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 7 Lynwood Crescent (27°26′56″S 152°58′25″E / 27.4489°S 152.9736°E / -27.4489; 152.9736 (Mater Dei Catholic Primary School)).[54][59] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 247 students with 20 teachers (16 full-time equivalent) and 15 non-teaching staff (8 full-time equivalent).[56]

Mt St Michael's College is a Catholic secondary (7-12) school for girls at 67 Elimatta Drive (27°26′41″S 152°59′17″E / 27.4447°S 152.9881°E / -27.4447; 152.9881 (Mt St Michael's College)).[54][60] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 851 students with 75 teachers (67 full-time equivalent) and 41 non-teaching staff (30 full-time equivalent).[56]

Marist College Ashgrove is a Catholic primary and secondary (5-12) school for boys at 142 Frasers Road (27°26′24″S 152°58′49″E / 27.4401°S 152.9803°E / -27.4401; 152.9803 (Marist College Ashgrove)).[54][61] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 1,627 students with 136 teachers (128 full-time equivalent) and 102 non-teaching staff (92 full-time equivalent).[56]

Clubs and sports

The best known club in the area, GPS Rugby Football Club (known as 'Jeeps'), is one of the oldest established clubs in the area and plays at the Ashgrove Sports Ground, which dates back to 1887. The club has contributed 29 players to the Wallabies.[citation needed]

The ground also hosts the Valley District Cricket Club, which has provided both Queensland Sheffield Shield players and Australian players, including Matthew Hayden and Allan Border,[62] and the Ashgrove Lawn Bowls Club. As well as this, there is a large Scouting group in St Johns Wood.

Ashgrove cricket club has had a long history as a club and in 2015 celebrated its 100th year. Ashgrove cricket club is part of Qld cricket and is part of the Qld sub district association. In the history of the club, home grounds have been at Gibson park Red Hill which is now the home of the Broncos Rugby League club. Other grounds included Dorrington park and The Gap high school was one of the most recent venues up until 2014. Now Ashgrove Cricket home ground is at Everton District AFL situated at Mott Street Enoggera. Players of average to very good are encouraged to participate in a friendly and competitive competition that runs every Saturday from the end of August through March with semi finals and grand finals to round out the competition. Flexibility of availability is a good option for players and can work around those who can play but not every week. Multiple grades cater for ability and availability.

Demographics

The 2016 census recorded 13,039 residents in Ashgrove, of whom 50% were female and 50% were male. The median age of the population was 36; 2 years younger than the Australian median. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.8% of the population.[1] 78.1% of people living in Ashgrove were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 66.7%. The other most common countries of birth were England (3.9%), New Zealand (2.3%), India (0.8%), the United States (0.8%), and South Africa (0.7%). 88.2% of people only spoke English at home, while the next most commonly spoken languages were Italian (0.8%), Spanish (0.6%), Mandarin (0.5%), German (0.4%) and French (0.4%). The most common responses for religion were Catholic 35.5%, No Religion 31.9% and Anglican 10.9%.[1]

Notable people from Ashgrove

References

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External links