The name Roelands relates to a property of the same name granted to the Swan River Colony's first Surveyor General in 1830, John Septimus Roe, as part of the 5,000 acres (20 km2) to which he was entitled for bringing considerable capital to the colony. Roe spoke highly of the area and its potential value for agriculture. The first pastoralists and shepherds arrived in the area in the 1880s seeking improved pasture for their stock.
In 1893 a railway station was built here to service the railway line from Pinjarra to , and was initially called Collie Siding after the nearby Collie River. However, after the gazettal of nearby Collie in December 1897, and much public argument in the region, Collie Siding was renamed to Roelands. The first big quantity of coal from Collie was carted by road to the Collie Siding and then railed to Perth. The demand on the area from the timber and coal business led to the construction of the Colliefields Hotel.
A school was established in 1903, and in 1916 a private subdivision was undertaken surrounding the school site. In 1963 the subdivision was gazetted a townsite at the request of the Shire of Harvey.
From the 1940s until the 1970s the Roelands Farm and Mission housed Aboriginal children whose families could not look after them, and also children who had been removed from their families by the government. Harry Lupton (UAM[clarification needed]) and Ken Cross started it. UAM and later Churches of Christ missionaries served here. An estimated 500 children stayed here during the life of the mission, some of whom spent 16 years of their life there. The land was purchased for $1.92m in August 2004 by the Indigenous Land Corporation.
Roelands is a small township nestled at the foothills of the Darling Range, and is the meeting point of the South Western Highway (Highway 20) between Bunbury and Perth via Pinjarra, and the Coalfields Highway (Route 107) to Collie, Darkan and Arthur River. Roelands has a small school called Hope Christian College located on Government Road, established in 1999, with approximately 500 students currently enrolled.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Roelands (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – R". Retrieved 17 April 2007.
- Shire of Harvey. "Roelands". Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- Indigenous Land Corporation (December 2005). "Land Matters Issue 19" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2006.
- West Weekend (11 April 2015). "Our place: breaking ground" (PDF).
- Indigenous Land Corporation. "Land Purchased WA". Archived from the original on 21 June 2015.
- "Hope Christian College - History". 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- Talbot, Judy. 1998 Historic Roelands School. (closing after 95 years) South western times 12 November 1998, p. 24.
- Map of Roelands (Shire of Harvey)