Grenfell

Grenfell, New South Wales, Australia
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  • Grenfell, New South Wales

    Grenfell is a town in Weddin Shire in the Central West of New South Wales, Australia. It is 370 km (230 mi) west of Sydney. It is close to Forbes, Cowra and Young. At the 2011 census, Grenfell had a population of 1,996.[2] The town is served daily by connecting NSW TrainLink services from Sydney via Bathurst and Lithgow. Grenfell is approximately 5 hours from Sydney and 2 1/2 hours from Canberra.[3][not in citation given]

    History

    In 1866 shepherd, Cornelius O’Brien discovered a gold bearing quartz outcrop. Within weeks, large parties of miners from the Lambing Flats and Forbes diggings arrived. Tents, bark huts and a business centre grew along the banks of Emu Creek. A few months later, Grenfell was proclaimed on January 1, 1867 after Gold Commissioner, John Granville Grenfell, who was wounded by bushrangers near Narromine on 7 December 1866. John Granville Grenfell was driving a coach at the time and refused to stop when bushrangers called him to. He was shot twice in the groin and died 24 hours later. Between 1867 and 1869 over 1,100 kilograms (40,000 oz) of gold were produced each year on the Grenfell goldfields and were the richest gold fields in NSW during this time.

    Grenfell was a goldmining town first known as Emu Creek and renamed in honour of John Grenfell, Gold Commissioner at Forbes, who had been killed in 1866 when bushrangers attacked a stagecoach on which he was travelling.[4] "Weddin" Post Office opened on 3 December 1866 and was renamed "Grenfell" on 24 December the same year.[5] By 1870-71 it was producing more gold than any other town in NSW.[citation needed] However, by the mid-1870s gold was in decline.

    Wheat was first grown in the district in 1871. In late October 1901, the railway from Koorawatha to Grenfell was officially opened.[6] Unlike most Australian country towns Grenfell has a main street which bends.

    The town's rugby league team competed for the Maher Cup.

    In June 2007, the Spirit of the Bush Concert was held on the sporting fields. Acts included the organiser and Australian of the Year Lee Kernaghan, local and international star Steve Forde & the Flange, Adam Brand, Leo Sayer, Diesel, and The McClymonts.

    Grenfell railway station

    Railway Station from street side, built 1901

    The Grenfell railway station is a heritage listed site.[7]

    Attractions

    Grenfell Railway Station sign
    • Chrysler Car Museum
    • Ochre Arch Farm Tours
    • Iandra Castle
    • Ben Halls Cave
    • Weddin Mountains National Park
    • Seaton's Farm
    • Bird Watching and Bird Trails
    • Endemic Garden
    • Wallangreen Sculpture Garden
    • Grenfell Art Gallery
    • Patina Gallery
    • Grenfell Museum
    • Historic Railway Station
    • Historic Main Street and George Street
    • Henry Lawson birthplace and statues
    • O'Brians Hill
    • The Big Gold Pick and Pan
    • Sporting Hall of Fame

    Major events

    A full calendar of events can be found here or a list of the major events can be found below.

    Climate

    Climate data for Grenfell, New South Wales (1885-2016)
    Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
    Record high °C (°F) 43.9
    (111.0)
    43.1
    (109.6)
    38.9
    (102.0)
    35.3
    (95.5)
    26.5
    (79.7)
    23.3
    (73.9)
    22.5
    (72.5)
    26.5
    (79.7)
    32.5
    (90.5)
    35.6
    (96.1)
    42.1
    (107.8)
    41.0
    (105.8)
    43.9
    (111.0)
    Average high °C (°F) 31.8
    (89.2)
    30.9
    (87.6)
    27.8
    (82.0)
    22.7
    (72.9)
    17.8
    (64.0)
    13.9
    (57.0)
    12.9
    (55.2)
    14.8
    (58.6)
    18.4
    (65.1)
    22.7
    (72.9)
    26.7
    (80.1)
    29.9
    (85.8)
    22.5
    (72.5)
    Average low °C (°F) 16.3
    (61.3)
    16.1
    (61.0)
    13.4
    (56.1)
    9.3
    (48.7)
    6.2
    (43.2)
    4.1
    (39.4)
    3.1
    (37.6)
    3.9
    (39.0)
    6.1
    (43.0)
    8.9
    (48.0)
    11.8
    (53.2)
    14.4
    (57.9)
    9.5
    (49.1)
    Record low °C (°F) 6.0
    (42.8)
    5.9
    (42.6)
    3.5
    (38.3)
    0.0
    (32.0)
    −2.0
    (28.4)
    −6.5
    (20.3)
    −5.0
    (23.0)
    −3.4
    (25.9)
    −2.5
    (27.5)
    −1.1
    (30.0)
    2.1
    (35.8)
    4.0
    (39.2)
    −6.5
    (20.3)
    Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.9
    (2.04)
    48.1
    (1.89)
    48.9
    (1.93)
    47.0
    (1.85)
    49.4
    (1.94)
    58.5
    (2.30)
    56.7
    (2.23)
    55.7
    (2.19)
    51.2
    (2.02)
    54.2
    (2.13)
    50.4
    (1.98)
    55.0
    (2.17)
    621.9
    (24.48)
    Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology[8]

    The villages of Weddin Shire

    • Greenethorpe – George Greene built Iandra Castle between 1886 and 1908 and established Australia's first share farming agreement. He was instrumental in providing a rail link from Koorawatha to transport wheat. Greenethorpe grew as a support town for the rural population and was named in honour of George Greene.
    • Caragabal – The town developed as a staging post and watering hole for coach drivers and horses on the run between West Wyalong and Grenfell. Caragabal was once a thriving hub for railway, stock and grain. The town has an 18-hole golf course, tennis courts, bowling club and hotel.
    • Quandialla – Quandialla is the aboriginal word for spiny anteater. Founded in 1914 as a railway town, Quandialla has a population of 200 people. Services in the village include the historic hotel, general store, swimming pool, and bowling club. Quandialla was the setting for the film 1915.

    Fossils

    Grenfell is an important centre for fossils from the Devonian era which are found in many surrounding outcrops of the Hunter Siltstone geological formation.

    Notable people

    Education

    • Grenfell Preschool & Long Day Care Centre
    • Grenfell Public School
    • St Joseph's Primary School - Grenfell
    • Henry Lawson High School

    References

    External links

    Media related to Grenfell, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons

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