Millmerran/mɪlˈmɛrən/, known as Domville between 1 June 1889 and 16 November 1894, is a town and a locality in the Toowoomba Region, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] In the 2016 census, Millmerran had a population of 1,563 people.[1]

Geography

The town is on the Darling Downs, 208 kilometres (129 mi) west of the state capital, Brisbane. The Gore Highway passes through the locality from the north-east (Yandilla) to the west (Captains Mountain).[4]

History

Bigambul (also known as Bigambal, Bigumbil, Pikambul, Pikumbul) is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken by the Bigambul people. The Bigambul language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Goondiwindi Regional Council, including the towns of Goondiwindi, Yelarbon and Texas extending north towards Moonie and Millmerran.[5] The Giabal (also known as Paiamba,Gomaingguru) language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Toowoomba Regional Council, particularly Toowoomba south to Allora and west to Millmerran.[6]

Millmerran is near a lookout commonly used by the local Jarowair Nation Aboriginal population prior to European settlement and the town's name is believed to be derived from two words - "meel" meaning "eye" and "merran" meaning "to look out".[7]

European settlement in the Millmerran area began in 1841 when the Gore brothers established the vast Yandilla station. Yandilla station covered an estimated 1,780 square kilometres (690 sq mi) and hosted its own school with 20 to 30 students, telegraph station and store. Closer settlement began after the passing of the Crown Lands Alienation Act in 1876, which allowed Edward Walpole to select a portion of Yandilla station. In 1881, Walpole established a general store on the site of what was known at the time as Back Creek.

A postal receiving office was opened with that name on 8 July 1883. It was elevated to the status of a post office, and the name changed to Domville, on 1 June 1889. The name was again changed to Millmerran on 16 November 1894.[8] (Today, Domville is a rural locality south of Milmerran.)

St Alban's Anglican church was dedicated in 1907. Its closure on 12 June 2007 was approved by Assistant Bishop Nolan.[9]

In 1911, the Millmerran railway line reached the town.

St Joseph's School opened on 16 February 1959.[10]

The Millmerran Library opened in 1998 with a major refurbishment in 2017.[11]

At the 2011 census, Millmerran had a population of 1,566.[12]

In the 2016 census, Millmerran had a population of 1,563 people.[1]

Facilities

Millmerran also has a vibrant town centre with two large grocery outlets (IGA and Foodworks), two large hardware stores (Mitre 10 and Home Hardware), a bakery, a 24-bed public hospital, medical centre, modern large equipped sports centre and Olympic-sized swimming pool, and a large community centre complete with ballroom

The Millmerran Library is operated by the Toowoomba Regional Council. It is located on Herbert Street and is open five days a week (Monday through Friday).[13]

For visitors, there are two caravan parks and an independent camping area for self-contained travelers.

Education

Millmerran State School is a government primary and secondary (Prep-10) school for boys and girls at 19 Simmons Street (27°52′42″S 151°15′55″E / 27.8782°S 151.2654°E / -27.8782; 151.2654 (Millmerran State School)).[14][15] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 295 students with 28 teachers (25 full-time equivalent) and 21 non-teaching staff (12 full-time equivalent).[16]

St Joseph's School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 25 Walpole Street (27°52′21″S 151°16′18″E / 27.8725°S 151.2716°E / -27.8725; 151.2716 (St Joseph's School)).[14][17] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 64 students with 8 teachers (5 full-time equivalent) and 6 non-teaching staff (3 full-time equivalent).[16]

For secondary education to Year 12, the nearest school is in Pittsworth 43.5 kilometres (27.0 mi) away.[4]

Events

The Bi-Annual Australian Camp Oven Festival is a nationally known event attracting visitors from all over Australia.[18]

References

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Millmerran (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Millmerran - town in Toowoomba Region (entry 22103)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Millmerran - locality in Toowoomba Region (entry 49604)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Bigambul". State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  6. ^ CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Giabal". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Millmerran". Walkabout. Fairfax. Archived from the original on 21 June 2007. Retrieved 7 June 2007.
  8. ^ Frew, Joan (1981) Queensland Post Offices 1842-1980 and Receiving Offices 1869-1927, p. 346. Fortitude Valley, Queensland: published by the author, ISBN 0-9593973-0-2
  9. ^ Anglican Church of Southern Queensland. "Closed Churches". Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  10. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  11. ^ "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  12. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Millmerran (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 July 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  13. ^ "Millmerran". Toowoomba Regional Council. Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  14. ^ a b "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Millmerran State School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  16. ^ a b "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  17. ^ "St Joseph's School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Australian Camp Oven Festival". Retrieved 8 March 2017.

External links

Media related to Millmerran, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons