Glengallan Creek which rises on the western slopes of the Main Range is a tributary of the Condamine River. It passes through the locality from east to west. The creek is a source of irrigated water for terraced crops in the area. At the southern and northern boundaries of Maryvale, elevations rise to greater than 900 m above sea level.
A pastoral station was selected in the area in about 1840 by John Cameron. However, Cameron found it difficult to transport the wool from their sheep down through Cunninghams Gap to be sold. Therefore, he relocated into the Fassifern Valley in 1842. The pastoral run at Maryvale was sold to in 1848.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Maryvale (Southern Downs) (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 March 2009.
- "Maryvale - town in Southern Downs Region (entry 21178)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- "Maryvale - locality in Southern Downs Region (entry 45950)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- Johnson, Murray (Murray David); Saunders, Kay, 1947- (2007), Working the land : an historical overview of Boonah and its northern district (PDF), Queensland State Archives, p. 13, ISBN 978-0-7345-1530-8CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Maryvale State School". Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "Library Details". Southern Downs Regional Council. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
Media related to Maryvale, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons