Glenbrook, New South Wales
Glenbrook is a suburb of the Lower Blue Mountains of New South Wales, Australia. It is located 70 kilometres west of Sydney in the local government area of the City of Blue Mountains. At the 2016 Australian census Glenbrook had a population of 5,051 people.
Glenbrook lies between Lapstone and Blaxland at an elevation of 163 m (535 ft) and is approximately a 50 minute drive from Sydney. It plays host to trendy cafes and boutiques, while offering various tourist attractions, including weekend markets, recreational opportunities and native flora and fauna.
The suburb takes its name from Glenbrook Creek, which is on the southern side of the village and must be crossed to enter the Blue Mountains National Park. Glenbrook retains many historical homes and buildings throughout the village, although most homes are occupied and not open to the public.
Glenbrook took its name from Glenbrook Creek but was originally known as Watertank, when a stop opened here on the original "little" zigzag railway line. A pipe-line brought water from Glenbrook Lagoon to a tank beside the line, from which the engines could be refilled. The Lagoon itself had been dammed up to hold more water for the trains. Around 1870, a small loop siding was built for trains to pass each other and the name was changed to Wascoe's Siding, referring to its connection with the railway stopping point of Wascoe (now Blaxland). In 1878, Sir Alfred Stephen, Chief Justice and Privy Councillor, decided to give the station a proper name and called it Brookdale, "because the place was well watered". One year later, amid a general renaming, the station was given the name of the nearby creek, Glenbrook, which Sir John Jamison thought came from Regents Glen. When the village was officially proclaimed, six years later, it took the name of the station.
The little zigzag opened near Glenbrook in 1867, a part of the ascent of Lapstone Hill on a gradient of 1 in 30–33, which was built up the side of the range with comparatively light earthwork, although it includes the substantial seven-span sandstone Knapsack Viaduct. This was later widened to carry the old Great Western Highway, when the deviation around the little Zig Zag was built, but it is now part of a walking trail on the old railway/highway alignment, including a memorial to the engineer in charge of the construction of the Blue Mountains line and many other early railways, John Whitton. The abandoned Glenbrook Tunnel was used to store mustard gas during World War II. On 28 January 1941, an Avro Anson of No. 1 Air Navigation School, Parkes crashed near Glenbrook during a medical evacuation flight from Parkes to the Sydney Airport. All five crew members were killed.
Lennox Bridge built in 1833 and designed by Scottish stonemason David Lennox is the oldest surviving stone bridge on the Australian mainland. In 1999, the town was associated with the Glenbrook train disaster. Since 2005, the suburb has been the home of The Australian Gnome Convention organised by the local Rotary Club and held on Australia Day each year. Owners of garden gnomes display their garden decorations and compete for various awards to raise funds for charities.
Glenbrook has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Blue Mountains National Park: Blue Mountains walking tracks
- Great Western Highway: Glenbrook railway residence
- Great Western Highway: Glenbrook Tunnel
- Mitchells Pass: Lennox Bridge, Glenbrook
In the 2016 Census, there were 5,051 people in Glenbrook. 82.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 5.4%. 90.9% of people spoke only English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 31.5%, Catholic 24.5% and Anglican 18.7%.
- RAAF Base Glenbrook is the home of Headquarters Air Command. The Officer's Mess at RAAF Glenbrook is the old Lapstone Hotel. Built in the 1930s, it has been restored and the interior re-modelled, albeit only slightly due to its historical status. The outside remains unaltered.
- Two fire brigade stations, one which falls under the jurisdiction of the volunteer Rural Fire Service as well as a 'retained' New South Wales Fire Brigades station (station 301).
- Lennox Bridge (AD 1833) – the oldest surviving stone arch bridge in mainland Australia
- Glenbrook Public School (1892, originally in Glenbrook Park, later moved to Park Street), is heritage-listed
- The old Zig Zag railway (bushwalk rail trail) and a tunnel entrance (1892)
- Glenbrook Lagoon is heritage-listed
- Glenbrook Oval
- Glenbrook Park (1884) and stone gate are heritage-listed
- Whitton Park
- Knapsack Oval
- Mount Sion Park
- Sir Douglas Smith Park
- Glenbrook Native Plant Reserve
- Wascoe Siding Train Park
- Glenbrook Swim Centre
- Glenbrook Cinema
- Ilford House (1884), Wascoe Street (heritage-listed)
- Briarcliffe, Great Western Highway (heritage-listed)
- Bonnie Doone (1905), Moore Street (heritage-listed)
- Glenbrook Cottage (1916), Park Street (heritage-listed)
- Former School of Music, Hare Street (heritage-listed)
- Jellybean Pool/Glenbrook Gorge/Blue Pool, entered via the national park (generally free entry on weekdays)
- Endpoint of the Oaks Firetrail, a popular off-road bike route between Woodford and Glenbrook
- Camping at Euroka Clearing where kangaroos can be seen at all times of the day and year (especially summer)
- Bushwalking: Via Euroka Clearing to the Nepean River, Via Evans Track to Warragamba Dam
- Glenbrook Cinema (one of three in the Blue Mountains)
- Glenbrook Swimming Centre (also considered to be in Blaxland)
- The Glenbrook Swimming Club
- The Lapstone/Glenbrook Netball Club
- The Glenbrook/Blaxland Cricket Club
- The Blue Mountains Football Club
- The Glenbrook Panthers Bowling Club
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Glenbrook (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 January 2019. Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Walker, Frank (20 January 2008). "Deadly chemicals hidden in war cache". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Plunkett, Geoff. "Depots: Glenbrook funnel". Chemical Warfare in Australia. Department of Defence. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Plunkett, Geoff. "Home page". Chemical Warfare in Australia. Department of Defence. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Dunn, Peter. "CRASH OF AN AVRO ANSON AT GLENBROOK, NSW ON 28 JANUARY 1941". www.ozatwar.com. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- Australian Gnome Convention – Official Website
- "Blue Mountains Walking tracks". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00980. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Glenbrook Railway Residence". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00713. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Glenbrook Railway and World War Two Mustard Gas Storage Tunnel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01861. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Lennox Bridge". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00024. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Glenbrook Cinema – Official Website
- Aston, N. (1988) Rails, Roads & Ridges: History of Lapstone Hill-Glenbrook. Glenbrook Public School Centenary Committee.ISBN 0-9588163-1-X
- Blue Mountains National Park – Glenbrook – attractions and walks
- More Glenbrook Information
- Glenbrook Chamber of Commerce
Media related to Glenbrook, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons