Monto /ˈmɒnt/[2] is a rural town and locality in the North Burnett Region, Queensland, Australia.[3][4] In the 2016 census, Monto had a population of 1,189 people.[1]

Geography

Monto is located on the Burnett Highway 500 kilometres (310 mi) north-west of Brisbane and 235 kilometres (146 mi) south of Rockhampton.

History

Gureng Gureng (also known as Gooreng Gooreng, Goreng Goreng, Goeng, Gurang, Goorang Goorang, Korenggoreng) is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken by the Gureng Gureng people. The Gooreng Gooreng language region includes the towns of Bundaberg, Gin Gin and Miriam Vale extending south towards Childers, inland to Monto and Mt Perry.[5]

The town takes its name from its railway station, which in turn is an Aboriginal word meaning ridgy plain.[4]

Europeans settled in the area in the late 1840s, maintaining large pastoral holdings at the northern end of the Burnett Valley. Gold unearthed along Three Moon Creek — a tributary of the Burnett River — in the 1870s attracted further settlers. The original site of the diggings, 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of present-day Monto, has since been flooded by construction of Cania Dam.

The township of Monto was not formally established until 1924 in which year the post office opened.[6]

Norton Diggings Provisional School opened circa 1881 and is believed to have been repositioned circa 1892 and renamed Norton Goldfield Provisional School. It closed circa 1903 but reopened in 1904 as Norton Provisional School, but then closed in 1907.[7]

Monto State School opened on 25 January 1926.[7]

St Therese's Catholic Primary School was opened on 5 February 1940 by the Presentation Sisters.[7][8]

With dwindling gold reserves, Monto turned its economy towards farming and logging, two of the region's major industries today. Deposits of thermal coal and limestone have been discovered in the shire.

Monto State High School opened on 28 January 1964.[7]

At the 2006 census, Monto had a population of 1,159.[9]

The town was the administrative centre of Monto Shire until its amalgamation in 2008 into the new North Burnett Region local government area.

Amenities

Memorial to Monto's most famous son, jockey Kenny Russell.

Monto has a cultural and historical complex with a museum reserve, sporting facilities, swimming pool and golf club.

The North Burnett Regional Council operates a public library in Monto at 50 Newton Street.[10]

The Monto-Bancroft branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at 9 Rutherford Street.[11]

Education

Monto State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 3 Leichhardt Street (24°52′04″S 151°07′06″E / 24.8678°S 151.1182°E / -24.8678; 151.1182 (Monto State School)).[12][13] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 110 students with 9 teachers (7 full-time equivalent) and 11 non-teaching staff (5 full-time equivalent).[14]

Monto State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at Mouatt Street (24°52′12″S 151°07′07″E / 24.8699°S 151.1185°E / -24.8699; 151.1185 (Monto State High School)).[12][15] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 159 students with 23 teachers (20 full-time equivalent) and 19 non-teaching staff (11 full-time equivalent).[14]

Monto Cluster Special Education Program is a primary and secondary (Prep-12) special education program at Monto State High School.[12]

St Therese's Catholic Primary School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at Rayleigh Street (24°52′00″S 151°07′17″E / 24.8666°S 151.1214°E / -24.8666; 151.1214 (St Therese's Catholic Primary School)).[12][16] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 88 students with 9 teachers (8 full-time equivalent) and 3 non-teaching staff (2 full-time equivalent).[14]

Heritage listings

Monto has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • Gladstone-Monto Road: Monto Cemetery No 1 and No 2[17]
  • corner of Huxley, Bell & Edison Streets: Monto Watertower and Rotary Park[17]
  • Lister, Kelvin, Lyell & Faraday Streets: Monto Town Design (also known as Monto Government Administration Precinct)[17]
  • Newton Street: Hotel Albert[17]
  • Newton Street: Monto Shire Hall[17]
  • 53 Newton Street: former Monto Court House[17]
  • Rutherford Street: former Monto Council Office and Chambers (also known as Sunshine House)[17]
  • corner Rutherford and Newton Streets: Monto Post Office[17]
  • Yarrol Road, Ventnor: Ventnor State School[18]

Tourism

Tourism is also a major industry in the region. Besides being a major highway town, the chief local attractions are Cania Gorge National Park and Cania Dam, 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of town.

Monto has also added to its attractions as being (as of July 2020) the most northerly silo art installation in Australia. Its "Three Moons" silos depict several stories of the past, including the era of gold mining, cattle mustering and The Dreamtime. It also has a mural on an old water tower.[19]

Dairy farming

Monto was once the centre of a thriving dairy industry, with more than 400 dairy farms in the area, but deregulation in the 1990s changed that. The number of dairy farms dropped to three.[19]

Mining

In 2006, floated on the Alternative Investment Market in London, raising approximately A$41 million before expenses.[20] In 2007 it announced plans to begin commercial production of feldspar, ilmenite, apatite and titanomagnetite from its site at the Goondicum crater, just outside the eastern border of Monto Shire.[21]

Coal mining company Macarthur Coal also owns large amounts of land in the Mulgildie area.[citation needed]

Climate

Climate data for Monto
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.5
(112.1)
43.5
(110.3)
40.2
(104.4)
36.4
(97.5)
32.8
(91.0)
30.6
(87.1)
29.9
(85.8)
35.6
(96.1)
38.0
(100.4)
39.6
(103.3)
42.3
(108.1)
44.4
(111.9)
46.2
(115.2)
Average high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
31.2
(88.2)
29.8
(85.6)
27.7
(81.9)
24.1
(75.4)
21.1
(70.0)
20.8
(69.4)
23.0
(73.4)
26.3
(79.3)
29.0
(84.2)
30.8
(87.4)
32.0
(89.6)
27.3
(81.1)
Average low °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
19.0
(66.2)
17.2
(63.0)
13.7
(56.7)
10.0
(50.0)
6.8
(44.2)
5.3
(41.5)
6.5
(43.7)
9.6
(49.3)
13.3
(55.9)
16.2
(61.2)
18.3
(64.9)
12.9
(55.2)
Record low °C (°F) 12.5
(54.5)
12.8
(55.0)
8.2
(46.8)
2.7
(36.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
−3.9
(25.0)
−4.8
(23.4)
−2.6
(27.3)
0.3
(32.5)
2.1
(35.8)
5.4
(41.7)
7.2
(45.0)
−4.8
(23.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 112.4
(4.43)
112.6
(4.43)
78.2
(3.08)
44.5
(1.75)
44.4
(1.75)
37.8
(1.49)
35.6
(1.40)
24.8
(0.98)
24.4
(0.96)
55.3
(2.18)
74.9
(2.95)
93.8
(3.69)
739.0
(29.09)
Average precipitation days 10.0 9.7 8.9 6.2 6.3 5.2 5.3 4.2 3.9 6.4 7.5 9.1 82.7
Average relative humidity (%) 49 50 50 47 50 48 45 40 37 38 41 44 45
Source: [22]

Notable persons from Monto

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Monto (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ "Monto - town in North Burnett Region (entry 22549)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Monto - locality in North Burnett Region (entry 45391)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Gureng Gureng". State Library of Queensland. 21 January 2020.
  6. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  8. ^ "St Therese's Catholic Primary School, Monto". Catholic Education, Diocese of Rockhampton. Archived from the original on 20 November 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Monto (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  10. ^ "Monto Library". Public Libraries Connect. 14 February 2017. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  11. ^ "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Monto State School". Archived from the original on 24 April 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Monto State High School". Archived from the original on 16 April 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  16. ^ "St Therese's Catholic Primary School". Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h "North Burnett Local Heritage Register" (PDF). North Burnett Regional Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 August 2019. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  18. ^ "Ventnor State School (entry 600727)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  19. ^ a b Marie, Johanna (14 July 2020). "Queensland town of Monto using silo art to draw tourists and tell stories about its heritage". ABC News (ABC Wide Bay). Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  20. ^ Monto Minerals announcement 25 May 2006, First Day Of Dealings on Aim £16.7 Million Raised by Placing. Available online Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Monto Minerals Announcement 22 August 2006, Countdown to Production... Monto Minerals Commences Industrial Minerals Project Construction. Available online Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Climate statistics for Monto". Bureau of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  23. ^ Guse, Russell (22 January 2010). "Actor Caton back to say farewells". Central Telegraph. Archived from the original on 1 November 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  24. ^ Five questions to Megan Davis: on Aboriginal self-determination Archived 16 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine, 16 May 2014, The Guardian, Retrieved 12 August 2016
  25. ^ Kieza, Grantlee (29 June 2012). "A love of footy became the making of Mal Meninga". Herald Sun. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  26. ^ "Kenny Russell". Archived from the original on 18 February 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2010.

External links