Coalstoun Lakes is a rural town and locality in the North Burnett Region, Queensland, Australia.[3][4] In the 2016 census the locality of Coalstoun Lakes had a population of 114 people.[2]

Geography

The Isis Highway passes through the locality from north-east to south, also passing through the town (where it is called Main Street). The Coalstoun Lakes National Park is in the north-east of the locality.[5]

History

The lakes (from which the district takes its name) were named by local pioneer, Nugent Wade Brown, in 1894.[6] There are various theories as to the origin of the name. One is that Coalstoun is the corruption of an Aboriginal word Goanalganai.[3][4] Another theory is that the name 'Coalstoun' is a corruption of the word 'Colstoun', which was the ancestral home of the Brown family in Scotland. Colstoun is located south of Edinburgh and remains in the Brown family.[7] Nugent Wade Brown's father, John Brown (1787–1860), emigrated to the Colony of New South Wales and established a property named Colstoun near what is now Gresford in the Hunter Valley in 1838.[8] According to Queensland Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing "The lakes were named after Coalstoun in Scotland by Wade Brun, manager of nearby Ban Ban Station."[9] There is no doubt that Nugent Wade Brown and Wade Brun were the same person.[10] His wife, Margaret Campbell-Antill, was an aunt of Major-General John Macquarie Antill CB CMG.[11]

Coalstoun Lakes Cemetery is believed to be older than the town itself, as its earliest surviving inscription on a grave is dated 1899.[12]

Coalstoun Lakes State School opened on 25 July 1910.[13]

Brigalow Creek State School opened on 3 December 1913 and closed on 1924.[14]

Coalstoun Lakes Community Hall was originally built in 1916. After World War I, it was extended and renamed the Coalstoun Lakes Memorial Hall to commemorate those who served and died in the war.[15][12]

Mount Harvey State School opened on 24 January 1921 and closed on 31 October 1948.[14]

Coalstoun Lakes Post Office opened on 1 July 1927 (a receiving office had been open from 1910) and closed in 1976.[16]

On 31 July 1932 Archbishop James Duhig opened the Catholic church in Coalstoun Lakes.[17]

St Thomas' Anglican Church was dedicated on 30 December 1934 by Bishop Horace Henry Dixon.[18][19]

In the 2011 census, Coalstoun Lakes had a population of 423 people.[20]

In the 2016 census the locality of Coalstoun Lakes had a population of 114 people.[2]

Heritage listings

Coalstoun Lakes has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • corner of Glenview Street and Cemetery Road: Coalstoun Lakes Cemetery[12]
  • corner of Isis Highway and Glenview Street: Coalstoun Lakes Memorial Hall[12]

Education

Coalstoun Lakes State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 3 Main Street (25°36′44″S 151°53′24″E / 25.6121°S 151.8901°E / -25.6121; 151.8901 (Coalstoun Lakes State School)).[21][22] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 10 students with 2 teachers (1 full-time equivalent) and 5 non-teaching staff (2 full-time equivalent).[23]

There is no secondary school in Coalstoun Lakes. The nearest secondary schools are Biggenden State School (to Year 10) in neighbouring Biggenden to the north-east and Burnett State College (to Year 12) in Gayndah to the west.[5]

Facilities

Coalstoun Lakes Memorial Hall is at 34 Main Street (25°36′56″S 151°53′23″E / 25.6155°S 151.8896°E / -25.6155; 151.8896 (Coalstoun Lakes Memorial Hall)).[12][24] The Coalstoun Lakes Rural Fire Brigade operates from the shed at the rear of the hall access from Glenview Street.[25]

St Thomas' Community Church is at 11 Main Street (25°36′50″S 151°53′25″E / 25.61377°S 151.89031°E / -25.61377; 151.89031 (St Thomas' Community (former Anglican) Church)); it is a former Anglican Church.[18]

Coalstoun Lakes Cemetery is at the end of Coalstoun Lakes Cemetery Road (25°36′53″S 151°53′12″E / 25.6148°S 151.8867°E / -25.6148; 151.8867 (Coalstoun Lakes Cemetery)).[26][27]

References

  1. ^ "Coalstoun Lakes Red Cross Day". Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (14, 100). Queensland, Australia. 1 August 1918. p. 6. Retrieved 3 February 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  2. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Coalstoun Lakes (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ a b "Coalstoun Lakes – town in North Burnett Region (entry 7541)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Coalstoun Lakes – locality in North Burnett Region (entry 50095)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  6. ^ "QUEENSLAND ROYAL SOCIETY,". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 17 March 1894. p. 6. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Colstoun". Colstoun House, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland. 2018. Archived from the original on 13 October 2019. Retrieved 6 December 2019. Colstoun is also the Ancestral Home of the Broun Family.
  8. ^ "Brown, John (1787–1860)". Obituaries Australia. 2012. Archived from the original on 5 December 2019. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  9. ^ "Coalstoun Lakes National Park - About Coalstoun Lakes". Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing. Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  10. ^ "Brown, Nugent Wade (1841–1919)". Obituaries Australia. 14 July 1919. Archived from the original on 29 August 2019. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  11. ^ "Margaret Cambell-Antill". Geneanet. Renaud BROWN de COLSTOUN. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e "North Burnett Local Heritage Register" (PDF). North Burnett Regional Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 August 2019. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  13. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  14. ^ a b Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  15. ^ "Coalstoun Lakes Memorial Hall". Monument Australia. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  16. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  17. ^ "Around Australia". Southern Cross. XLIV (2213). South Australia. 26 August 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 3 February 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  18. ^ a b "St Thomas' Community Church". Churches Australia. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  19. ^ "Biggenden". Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (20, 115). Queensland, Australia. 15 January 1935. p. 4. Retrieved 3 February 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  20. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Coalstoun Lakes (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 April 2014. Edit this at Wikidata
  21. ^ "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Coalstoun Lakes State School". Archived from the original on 3 February 2021. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  23. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2018". Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. Archived from the original on 27 August 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  24. ^ Google (3 February 2021). "Coalstoun Lakes Memorial Hall" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  25. ^ Google (3 February 2021). "Coalstoun Lakes Rural Fire Brigade" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  26. ^ "Cemetery Areas - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 12 November 2020. Archived from the original on 15 November 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  27. ^ Google (3 February 2021). "Coalstoun Lakes Cemetery" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 3 February 2021.

Further reading