Aranbanga Creek rises in the centre of the locality and flows west towards Pile Gully. The mountain The Three Sisters at 418 metres (1,371 ft) is in the south-west of the locality. The Johngboon State Forest is located in the south-east of the locality.
The principal land use is grazing, but there is a small area of irrigated crops from a small dam in the centre of the locality.
The locality and creek both takes their names from an early pastoral run in the district. In 1852 the Aranbanga run was transferred from George Mocatta to W.T. and G.M. Elliott. The run appears by that name on an 1872 and 1878 maps.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Aranbanga (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
- "Aranbanga - locality in North Burnett Region (entry 45311)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "TRANSFERS OF RUNS". The Moreton Bay Courier. VII (322). Queensland, Australia. 14 August 1852. p. 4. Retrieved 30 March 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Aranbanga Creek - watercourse in the North Burnett Region (entry 734)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 31 July 2019.