Gatton, Queensland

Gatton is a rural town and locality in the Lockyer Valley Region, Queensland, Australia.[3][4] In the 2016 census, Gatton had a population of 7,101 people.[1]

It is the administrative centre of the Lockyer Valley situated in the Lockyer Valley of South East Queensland.[5]

Over recent years, the rural character of the Gatton area has started to be encroached on by the suburban sprawl of metropolitan Brisbane and Ipswich in the east and Toowoomba in the west. The Warrego Highway, which runs east–west through the Shire, has also experienced increasing strip development, with fuel outlets and commercial properties gradually spreading along the highway.[citation needed]

History

Prior to European settlement the area was occupied by members of the Yuggera Aboriginal language group.[citation needed]

Warrego Highway leading into Gatton

The Gatton area was explored by Major Edmund Lockyer in 1825. A settlement known as Gatton was gazetted in 1855.[6][7] The name Gatton is taken from the village of Gatton in Surrey, England.[3]

The post office opened 1 January 1866, with Frederick Lloyd, a dairyman, as the first postmaster.[8] The small village did not experience significant growth until the mid-1870s, after the railway to Grandchester attracted people to the area.[9]

Catholic priest Father Brun established St Mary's School in 1868.[10] However, in 1892, the only teacher at the school Miss Mary O'Keeffe married James McKeen of Mount Sylvia, and the school closed.[11][12]

In January 1875, Gatton residents convened a meeting to establish a school.[13] In June 1875 tenders were called for the construction of a school building and a teacher's residence.[13] Gatton State School opened on 31 January 1876.[11]

The Queensland Agricultural College opened and established an experimental farm in 1897 at Gatton.[14]

In December 1898 three local young people from nearby Blackfellow's Creek were murdered. The crime, known as the Gatton murders, has never been solved.[15]

In 1913, following local agitation,[16] Gatton State School was expanded to offer secondary schooling, which was known by a number of names over the years: Gatton Secondary Department, Lockyer State High School, Gatton Intermediate School, and Gatton State School Secondary Department.[17] On 23 January 1961 it was replaced by a completely separate school, Lockyer District State High School.[11][18]

Our Lady of Good Counsel School was opened on 14 January 1917 by the Sisters of Mercy, following a fund raising campaign by Roman Catholic Archbishop of Brisbane James Duhig.[11][12]

The Gatton Star is a free, local, community newspaper which began publishing in 1956.[19]

Peace Lutheran Primary School opened on 27 January 1982.[11]

At the 2006 census, Gatton had a population of 6,869.[20]

In 2009, Gatton Library relocated from the Civic Centre in Railway Street to the new Cultural Centre.[21][22]

Heritage listings

Gatton has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Population

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 7,101 people in Gatton.

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.3% of the population.
  • 68.3% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were Taiwan 4.4%, India 2.2% and South Korea 1.8%.
  • 72.6% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 5.3%, Arabic 2.0% and Korean 1.7%.
  • The most common responses for religion were No Religion 22.6%, Catholic 20.7% and Anglican 11.7%.[26]

Industry

Gatton Civic Centre

As part of the "Salad Bowl" of the Lockyer Valley, the area is primarily agricultural, with vegetables making up the majority of crops. Fruit was grown extensively in the area until the 1990s, when economic conditions changed and many of the orchards were removed. There is also significant beef and dairy cattle farming, (Stanbroke Beef operates its abattoir at nearby Grantham) along with a growing equine industry, and the town is also a noted producer of fodder crops, particularly prime lucerne hay.

Gatton Bus Services

Edna Linning and her husband started Gatton Bus Services in 1957 when they heard a high school was being built in town. Originally, the business only had one bus travelling to the college and back; since the mid-1980s, the business has 14 buses, eight of which are used for school children. The buses travelled to Flagstone Creek, Buaraba, Esk, and Forest Hill to pick-up students. The company also organized tours of Gatton for schoolchildren who lived in the city, so they could understand farm life and see how produce is grown and harvested. In its early days the business also ran tours to Brisbane.

Climate

The area has a humid subtropical climate, with hot, humid summers and mild, sunny winters. Heavy summer rain and warm conditions have provided ideal conditions for the areas agricultural productivity, although droughts and heatwaves can be problematic at times. Temperatures in Gatton are among the warmest in south-east Queensland in summer due to its position away from the coast but at low elevation in the Brisbane Valley.

Climate data for Gatton
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.5
(112.1)
45.7
(114.3)
39.5
(103.1)
37.4
(99.3)
33.7
(92.7)
31.5
(88.7)
29.0
(84.2)
37.9
(100.2)
38.5
(101.3)
41.6
(106.9)
42.8
(109.0)
42.0
(107.6)
45.7
(114.3)
Average high °C (°F) 31.6
(88.9)
30.8
(87.4)
29.6
(85.3)
27.1
(80.8)
23.8
(74.8)
21.1
(70.0)
20.8
(69.4)
22.4
(72.3)
25.5
(77.9)
28.2
(82.8)
30.2
(86.4)
31.3
(88.3)
26.9
(80.4)
Average low °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
19.0
(66.2)
17.3
(63.1)
13.7
(56.7)
10.2
(50.4)
7.6
(45.7)
6.2
(43.2)
6.7
(44.1)
9.5
(49.1)
13.1
(55.6)
16.0
(60.8)
18.1
(64.6)
13.0
(55.4)
Record low °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
8.3
(46.9)
6.7
(44.1)
3.2
(37.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
−5.6
(21.9)
−1.9
(28.6)
0.0
(32.0)
4.3
(39.7)
6.3
(43.3)
8.8
(47.8)
−5.6
(21.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 111.8
(4.40)
99.1
(3.90)
79.7
(3.14)
48.9
(1.93)
45.6
(1.80)
42.1
(1.66)
36.6
(1.44)
27.1
(1.07)
35.2
(1.39)
63.8
(2.51)
79.3
(3.12)
99.4
(3.91)
770.4
(30.33)
Average precipitation days 10.2 9.9 9.9 6.8 6.5 5.9 5.5 5.2 5.4 7.5 8.4 9.6 90.8
Source: [27]

Education

Gatton State School is a government primary (Early Childhood-6) school for boys and girls at 26 William Street (27°33′36″S 152°16′42″E / 27.5601°S 152.2783°E / -27.5601; 152.2783 (Gatton State School)).[28][29] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 506 students with 44 teachers (40 full-time equivalent) and 34 non-teaching staff (21 full-time equivalent).[30] It includes a special education program.[28]

Lockyer District State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at 100 William Street (27°34′01″S 152°16′37″E / 27.5669°S 152.2769°E / -27.5669; 152.2769 (Lockyer District State High School)).[28][31] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 1048 students with 95 teachers (91 full-time equivalent) and 51 non-teaching staff (37 full-time equivalent).[30] It includes a special education program.[28][32]

Our Lady of Good Counsel School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 20 Maitland Street (27°33′30″S 152°16′18″E / 27.5582°S 152.2716°E / -27.5582; 152.2716 (Our Lady of Good Counsel School)).[28][33] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 316 students with 23 teachers (20 full-time equivalent) and 16 non-teaching staff (10 full-time equivalent).[30]

Peace Lutheran Primary School is a private primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 36 East Street (27°33′27″S 152°16′27″E / 27.5575°S 152.2743°E / -27.5575; 152.2743 (Peace Lutheran Primary School)).[28][34] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 262 students with 22 teachers (20 full-time equivalent) and 15 non-teaching staff (10 full-time equivalent).[30]

The University of Queensland has a campus on the former Queensland Agricultural College site at Lawes, just to the east of the town of Gatton. This Gatton campus is now the base for much of the university's rural-focused research and teaching.[35]

Amenities

The Lockyer Valley Regional Council operate a public library in the Lockyer Valley Cultural Centre at 34 Lake Apex Drive.[36]

Memorials

Boer war memorial, Gatton

The town has a number of war memorials:

  • The Boer War Memorial was dedicated on 3 August 1908.[37]
  • The Weeping Mother Memorial is an unusual depiction of the role of women in war. The foundation stone was laid on 22 April 1922 by the Australian Attorney-General, Littleton Groom and was unveiled on 14 November 1922 by Queensland Governor, Matthew Nathan.[38][39]
  • The Gatton Shire War Memorial Pool was dedicated on 1 December 1959 to commemorate those who served in war.[40]
  • The National Servicemen's Memorial was erected in November 1996 and commemorates those that served during the national service period of 1951 to 1972.[41]
  • The Gatton Agricultural College War Memorial was dedicated on 25 April 1997 to commemorate the staff and students who died in war during the college's first century.[42]
  • The Lone Pine Memorial is a tree planted from seeds whose lineage can be traced back to the Lone Pine at Gallipoli. It was dedicated on 19 May 2005.[43] Another Lone Pine Memorial at Gatton Campus also traces its lineage back to Gallipoli.[44]

The Lights on the Hill Truck and Coach Drivers' Memorial is located at Lake Apex Park on the outskirts of Gatton.[45]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Gatton (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "University of Queensland Gatton". Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 28 January 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  3. ^ a b "Gatton - town in Lockyer Valley Region (entry 13496)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Gatton - locality in Lockyer Valley Region (entry 44954)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  5. ^ https://www.lockyervalley.qld.gov.au/our-council/about-council/organisational-structure/Pages/default.aspx
  6. ^ "Historical Towns Directory". Australian Heritage. Archived from the original on 12 September 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2008.
  7. ^ "VILLAGES". New South Wales Government Gazette (56). New South Wales, Australia. 13 April 1855. p. 1102. Retrieved 15 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ Frew, Joan (1981). Queensland Post Offices 1842–1980 and Receiving Offices 1869–1927, p. 277. Fortitude Valley, Queensland: published by the author, ISBN 0-9593973-0-2
  9. ^ Queensland Environmental Protection Agency (2000). Heritage Trails of the Great South East. State of Queensland. p. 62. ISBN 0-7345-1008-X.
  10. ^ "Advertising". Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald And General Advertiser. VII, (949). Queensland, Australia. 30 June 1868. p. 2. Retrieved 15 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  11. ^ a b c d e Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  12. ^ a b "School History". Our Lady of Good Counsel. Archived from the original on 15 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  13. ^ a b "LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS". Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald And General Advertiser. XIV, (1977). Queensland, Australia. 30 January 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 16 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  14. ^ "Gatton". Lockyer Valley Visitor Information Centre. Archived from the original on 9 April 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  15. ^ Whiticker, Alan J. (2005). Twelve Crimes That Shocked the Nation. ISBN 1-74110-110-7
  16. ^ "LOCKYER HIGH SCHOOL". The Brisbane Courier (17, 006). Queensland, Australia. 15 July 1912. p. 8. Retrieved 16 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "Agency ID5231, Gatton State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  18. ^ "Lockyer District SHS". Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  19. ^ "About Us". Gatton Star. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  20. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Gatton (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 July 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  21. ^ "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  22. ^ Johnson, Callum (12 October 2009). "Countdown to Gatton cultural centre opening". The Chronicle. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  23. ^ "Boer War Memorial (entry 600510)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  24. ^ "Weeping Mother Memorial (entry 600511)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  25. ^ "University of Queensland Gatton Campus (Queensland University) (entry 601672)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  26. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Gatton (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 January 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  27. ^ "Gatton University of Queensland". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  28. ^ a b c d e f "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  29. ^ "Gatton State School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  30. ^ a b c d "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  31. ^ "Lockyer District State High School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  32. ^ "Gatton SS - Special Education Program". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  33. ^ "Our Lady of Good Counsel School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  34. ^ "Peace Lutheran Primary School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  35. ^ "About UQ Gatton". The University of Queensland. Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  36. ^ "Gatton Library". Lockyer Valley Regional Council. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  37. ^ "Boer War Memorial". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  38. ^ Gibson, Lisanne; Joanna Besley (2004). Monumental Queensland: Signposts On A Cultural Landscape. University of Queensland Press. p. 102. ISBN 0702234656. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  39. ^ "Weeping Mother Memorial". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  40. ^ "Gatton Shire War Memorial Pool". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  41. ^ "National Servicemen's Memorial". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  42. ^ "Gatton Agricultural College War Memorial". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  43. ^ "Lone Pine Memorial". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  44. ^ "Lone Pine Memorial- Gatton Campus". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  45. ^ "Lights on the Hill Monument". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.

External links