State Library of Western Australia
The State Library of Western Australia is a research, reference and public lending library located in the Perth Cultural Centre in Perth, Western Australia. It is a portfolio agency of the Western Australia Department of Culture and the Arts, and controlled by the Library Board of Western Australia.
The State Library has particular responsibility for collecting and preserving Western Australia's documentary heritage. The J. S. Battye Library of West Australian History is the section of the library dedicated to West Australiana.
In 1886, the Western Australian Legislative Council allocated £5000 to be spent in celebrations for Queen Victoria's golden jubilee. Of this, it was decided that £3000 would be used to establish a free public library in Perth. A foundation stone was laid at a site in St Georges Terrace in 1887, however due to the lack of funds this site was not built upon. Instead, books to the value of £1000 were ordered from England, and the library found temporary accommodation in a building opposite the site. The Victoria Public Library, named in honour of Queen Victoria, opened on 26 January 1889. The first managers of the library were the clerks to the management committee, W.C. Townsend and then Basil Porter. The first Chief Librarian, James Sykes Battye, was appointed in 1894.
By 1896, construction had begun on a site at the corner of James and Beaufort Streets, and in 1897 the library moved to the new James Street site. In 1904, the word 'Victoria' was removed from the name of the library, which then became known as the Public Library of Western Australia. A new addition to the site was opened in 1913. It was called Hackett Hall after Sir John Winthrop Hackett, the President of the Trustees of the Library, Museum and Art Gallery. The library shared this building with the Art Gallery and Museum, and the Western Australian Museum still occupies the building today.
The Library Board of Western Australia was established with the passing of the Library Board of Western Australia Act 1951, appointing the first State Librarian, F. A. (Ali) Sharr. The purpose of the Board was to assist local authorities in establishing free public libraries throughout the state, and work to co-ordinating those libraries as a statewide system. However, James Battye successfully resisted having the Board take over control of the Public Library of Western Australia. It was only after Battye died in office in 1954 that the Library Board gained control of the library. It was closed for a year for renovations, then reopened in 1956 as the State Library of Western Australia. This included a section dedicated to collecting Western Australian material – the J.S. Battye Library of West Australian History and State Archives.
Between 1964 and 2002 the organisation was known as the Library and Information Service of Western Australia. This reflected the Library Board's broader operations beyond the walls of the library, particularly in encouraging the development of public library services throughout the state. In July 2002, the library once again became known as the State Library of Western Australia.
By the late 1970s, the library had grown sufficiently that staff were working from ten different sites and annexes in the city. Planning was undertaken for a new building as part of the development of the Perth Cultural Centre. In 1985 the library’s current home, the Alexander Library Building, was opened. It is named after Professor Fred Alexander, the first chairman of the Library Board of Western Australia.
The State Archives (later called the Public Records Office) was established as a separate unit in 1988, and the State Records Office of Western Australia was created as a separate entity to the library in 2000 with the passing of the State Records Act 2000. Responsibility for the collection and management of public records was transferred to SRO, although it remains co-located with the State Library in the Alexander Library Building.
Collections and services
The State Library's operations fall into three main areas – collecting and preserving Western Australia's documentary heritage, general reference and public lending library services, and supporting the public library network in Western Australia.
Western Australian heritage
The J. S. Battye Library of Western Australian History is the arm of the library dedicated to Western Australian materials. The Battye Library contains a comprehensive collection of books published in Western Australia, as well as books by a Western Australian or about Western Australia published elsewhere. It also contains a comprehensive coverage of West Australian newspapers, and a more selective coverage of serials and maps published in Western Australia. The library also has extensive collections of:
- Original manuscripts, journals, diaries and letters of individuals, and records of non-government organisations;
- Western Australian music recordings;
- Western Australian films; and
- Oral history recordings and transcripts.
The State Library was the legal deposit library for Western Australia under the Copyright Act 1895 and the Newspaper Libel and Registration Act 1884, but these Acts were repealed in 1994 and 2005 respectively. Legal deposit provisions were re-established in principle in 2012, with the passing of the Legal Deposit Act 2012, and brought into force for physical publications with the passage of the Legal Deposit Regulations 2013.
Reference and lending library
The library's reference collection provides resources which "reflect key Australian reference publications; and cover all subject areas to support self-directed learning to an undergraduate level". The collection holds over 300,000 books and nearly 5,000 serial titles, and many items are available for loan. The library also provides a number of electronic resources, some of which are available off-site for library members. There are also approximately 100 public computers available to users, as well as free Wi-Fi.
Other specialised collections and services include:
- Sheet music – the library holds over 50,000 music scores, making it possibly one of the largest public music lending libraries in Australia
- Genealogy resources – the library has a specialist family history section, and volunteers from the Western Australian Genealogical Society provide assistance to clients
- The Place – a dedicated children's area
Relationship with public libraries
Public library services in Western Australia are delivered as a partnership between the State and Local Governments. The State Government provides funding for the majority of the book stock and some other library materials, and local governments provide physical and technological infrastructure and staffing to operate public libraries. This partnership is administered by the Library Board of Western Australia through the State Library. The library provides centralised purchasing, and a statewide online catalogue, as well as facilitating the exchange of materials between public libraries.
- Annual Report 2011-2012 of the Library Board of Western Australia : 60th Annual Report of the Board (PDF), State Library of Western Australia, 2012, archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2013, retrieved 6 February 2013
- Battye, J.S., ed. (1912), "Public Library, Museum, and Art Gallery of Western Australia", The cyclopedia of Western Australia : an historical and commercial review : descriptive and biographical facts, figures and illustrations : an epitome of progress, 1 (facsimile ed.), Carlisle, W.A.: Hesperian Press (published 1985), pp. 530–533, ISBN 0-85905-073-4
- "THE PUBLIC LIBRARY". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 – 1954). Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 22 August 1913. p. 16. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- A library service for Western Australia : 1st annual report of the Board 1952–53, Perth, W.A.: Library Board of Western Australia, 1953
- Alexander, Fred, "Battye, James Sykes (1871–1954)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, retrieved 6 February 2013
- Jamieson, Ronda (2005). "A people with a past and the J S Battye Library of West Australian history". Fremantle Studies. 4: 22–31.
- The Library and Information Service of Western Australia : twelfth annual report of the Board, Perth, W.A.: Library Board of Western Australia, 1964
- Annual report 2001-2002 of the Library Board of Western Australia (PDF), Perth, W.A.: Library and Information Service of Western Australia, 2002
- Annual report 1984-85 of the Library Board of Western Australia, Perth, W.A.: Library and Information Service of Western Australia, 1985
- "A brief history : SRO". State Records Office of Western Australia. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "Reference collecting principles". State Library of Western Australia. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Framework agreement between the State and Local Government for the provision of public library services in Western Australia (PDF), Western Australian Local Government Association; State Library of Western Australia, 2010, retrieved 8 February 2013