Hamilton Hill, Western Australia

Newmarket Hotel local focal point for the horse racing industry

Hamilton Hill is a suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia 23 kilometres (14 mi) southwest of Perth's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Cockburn.

History

The earliest known settler at Hamilton Hill was Sydney Smith, the agent of Captain George Robb. Robb arrived in Western Australia in 1830 and took up land south of Fremantle. During the next twelve months Smith was actively engaged in establishing Robb's farm. In a letter dated 27 August 1830, he gives his address as Hamilton Hill. The origin of the name, and whether it was Robb or Smith who did the naming, remains uncertain but the area has been known as such ever since.[2]

In 1860 Charles Alexander Manning bought 364 ha (900 acres) of Robb's land, and six years later built Davilak House for his son Lucius Manning.[3] The house of twelve rooms, was built using convict labour[4] and was owned by the Manning family until they abandoned it in the late 1950s. It burnt down in 1960, and after this the Shire of Cockburn took over the administration of the whole estate.

A second homestead was built in 1920 by the eldest daughter of Lucius Manning, Azelia Ley. She had married John Morgan Ley in 1900, and after he died in 1927 she continued to maintain the family farm.[3] This house became derelict after Azelia died in 1954, but was restored by the Historical Society of Cockburn in 1983 and now serves as a comprehensive of artefacts pertaining to the Cockburn district.[5]

At the turn of the century South Fremantle and the northern parts of Cockburn like Hamilton Hill became the location of semi rural industries such as market gardening and horse racing stables.[6]

Geography

Hamilton Hill is bounded by Cockburn Road to the west, Phoenix Road to the south, Stock Road to the east and Jean Street and Winterfold Road to the north.[7]

Facilities

Educational

Hamilton Hill has one high school, Hamilton Senior High School, and two primary schools, East Hamilton Hill Primary School and Southwell Primary School.

Recreational

Manning Reserve is a 900-acre (3.6 km2) reserve in southwestern Hamilton Hill. Its name comes from the family who were well known in the area from 1859 onwards.

Cultural

A historical building, the Azelia Ley Homestead Museum, is located within the boundaries of Manning Reserve.[5] This building was restored by the Cockburn Council and prominent residents in 1983.[8]

Randwick Stable, Hamilton Hill, is a heritage listed, working horse stable that adjoins Clontarf Hill another landmark in Hamilton Hill. The stables complex was erected in the 1920s for Frederick Charles John "Jack" Marks, one of the prominent horse-racing Marks family.[9]

Horse racing played an integral role in the development of South Fremantle and Hamilton Hill with the first horse races in the Swan River Colony held at South Beach on 3 October 1833. Horse stables were a characteristic feature in residential areas located near South Beach. At the height of the horse racing industry it is believed 400 horses were stabled in the area and trained at South Beach.[6]

Randwick Stables comprises a series of paddocks, a timber framed bungalow, stables, laundry stone well, water closet and metal clad stables.[10]

Randwick Stables is now occupied by tenants and continues to operate as a licensed stable.[11][12][13]

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Hamilton Hill (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
  2. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of metropolitan suburb names – H". Retrieved 30 May 2007.
  3. ^ a b The Historical Society of Cockburn, Azelia Ley Homestead Museum pamphlet |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  4. ^ Information board at Davilak House ruins |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  5. ^ a b "Azelia Ley Homestead Museum". City of Cockburn. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  6. ^ a b http://inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au/Public/Inventory/Details/8dd9ae39-dc82-46d9-96a3-7c458d275b04
  7. ^ Department of Land Information. StreetSmart Perth Street Directory (54th ed.). West Australian Newspapers Ltd. pp. Maps 430-431, 460–461. ISBN 978-0-909439-67-5.
  8. ^ Nevill, Simon (2001). Travellers guide to the Parks and Reserves of Western Australia. Simon Nevill Publications. ISBN 0-9585367-1-6.
  9. ^ Call (Perth, WA : 1920 - 1927) Fri 21 Jan 1927 Page 10 "Randwick," the Home of Wagga and Others
  10. ^ .http://inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au/Public/Inventory/Details/8dd9ae39-dc82-46d9-96a3-7c458d275b04
  11. ^ https://www.mediastatements.wa.gov.au/Pages/Gallop/2002/01/State-Government-heritage-lists-Randwick-Stables.aspx
  12. ^ https://au.news.yahoo.com/thewest/countryman/a/19556476/stables-rich-history-revealed/
  13. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/210797603?searchTerm=randwick%20stables%20hamilton%20hill&searchLimits=l-state=Western+Australia#