Chippendale, New South Wales
Chippendale is a small inner-city suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on the southern edge of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Sydney. Chippendale is located between Broadway to the north and Cleveland Street to the south, Sydney Central railway station to the east and the University of Sydney to the west.
The area was first occupied by the Gadigal people of the Dharug Nation. William Chippendale was granted a 95-acre (38 ha) estate in 1819. It stretched to the present day site of Redfern railway station. Chippendale sold the estate to Solomon Levey, emancipist and merchant, in 1821, for 380 pounds. Solomon Levey died while in London, in 1833. Levey's heirs sold over 62 acres (25 ha) to William Hutchinson.
Chippendale has a number of heritage-listed sites, including the Regent Street railway station or 'Mortuary Station', located on the eastern side of the suburb. The John Storey Memorial Dispensary was built in 1926 as a memorial to John Storey, a former Premier of New South Wales. It is located on Regent Street and still functions as a pathology and methadone clinic.
The eastern side of Chippendale, being adjacent to the CBD has a greater mix use than other parts of the suburb. It includes smaller offices and warehouses as well as cafes and pubs. Transport New South Wales has its headquarters here.
The western side of Chippendale is mainly residential with businesses interspersed in some parts of the precinct.
Central Park, Sydney
The 168-year-old Carlton & United brewery closed in December 2006. The Frasers Property Australia purchased the brewery site from the Foster's Group in 2007 and lodged a plan for a major renewal project of the 5.8 Hectare site. The development proposal "Central Park" included approximately 255,000 m2 of commercial and residential space, retention of a number of heritage buildings and the development of a large new park called Chippendale Green. One Central Park is a large mixed-use residential and commercial building on the site.
Balfour Street Park, at the corner of Balfour and O'Connor Streets, acts as a pedestrian gateway to Central Park. Chippendale has the lowest open space per person of any Sydney suburb (City of Sydney open space study, 2006). The addition of Chippendale Green has provided much needed green space, however given the corresponding population increase from new developments, Chippendale now has less than 1 square metre of green space per resident.
Urban heat island problem
Chippendale is currently a suburb under study, examining the problems of the urban heat island effect. The bitumen-surfaced roads surrounding infrastructures, are reportedly driving temperatures 6–8 °C (11–14 °F) higher than normal. The road network, which constitute over 23 percent of the suburb's land area, measured over 34 °C (93 °F) on average.
The University of Notre Dame Australia sits along the northern border with campus buildings scatterd through the suburb. The University of Technology, Sydney and the University of Sydney have campuses nearby. The Sydney campus of Curtin University is located at the eastern edge of Chippendale on Regent Street. The Boston University Sydney Campus is located on Regent Street in Chippendale.
Chippendale has become known as one of the key creative art districts of Sydney with more than a dozen galleries in the small neighbourhood (including White Rabbit Gallery, MOP Projects, and Pine Street Creative Arts Centre). Various creative events in the suburb also take place each year such as the Beams Festival. Artist residencies were offered with the cooperation of Frasers during the construction of Central Park and Chippendale houses a lively creative community.
The demographics of Chippendale changed significantly since the development of Central Park. At the 2016 census there were 8,617 residents in Chippendale. 26.7% of people were born in China. The most common other countries of birth were Australia 20.9%, Indonesia 5.3%, Thailand 3.6%, Hong Kong 2.3%, England 2.3%. 29.4% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 26.4%, Cantonese 5.5%, Indonesian 4.7%, Thai 3.4% and Vietnamese 1.8%. The most common religious affiliation was "No Religion" 50.3%, followed by Buddhism 10.0%, Catholic 9.7% and Anglican 2.5%.
The 2016 Census continued to show that the majority of people in Chippendale were attending an educational institution (58.2%). Of these, 67.3% were in a tertiary or technical institution.
- William Chippendale, Sydney land owner and farmer whose surname the suburb's name is derived from
- David Malouf, writer
- Michael Mobbs, author of Sustainable House
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Chippendale (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1996, Published in AustraliaISBN 0-207-19007-0
- Libraries Australia. Part of Chippendale's grant. http://nla.gov.au/anbd.bib-an000040747752
- "Mortuary Railway Station and site". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00157. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Copyright and Disclaimer." Transport New South Wales. Retrieved 27 April 2014. "Transport NSW 18 Lee Street Chippendale NSW 2008"
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "The Urban Heat Island". Retrieved 26 August 2014.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Chippendale (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- "Malouf, David 1934-". Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "About Michael". Archived from the original on 27 April 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- Shirley Fitzgerald. CHIPPENDALE - Beneath The Factory Wall. Published by Halstead Press, Australia. 2008. (ISBN 9781920831486).
- Shirley Fitzgerald (2008). "Chippendale". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 26 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]